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Greening Deserts Trillion Trees Initiative and Species Rescue with Vertical Farming and Global Greening Camps

The Green Games Community, Greening Deserts and Trillion Trees Initiative shows solidarity for Ukraine and supports the ongoing peace process. Read more on the social pages of Green Change Games social projects and @GreeningDeserts project account. Twitter blocked Greening Deserts project since late February until end of March and later again in April. Twitter blocked and harmed Greening Deserts projects over 5 weeks until now 25-04-2022! There were several attacks on our pages, connected projects and people. These actions harming cultural, humanitarian, social and scientific work as well as many connected projects! We are calling international communities and society for help. #CulturalRights #FreeSpeech #FreedomRights #HumanRights #PeaceBuilding

You can download a simple overview of all tweets and retweets of Greening Deserts project account on Twitter! If the account don’t will be restored we can mirror the complete work (with comments and replies included) and move more to many other networks like Facebook, Google, Instagram, Linkedin, Reddit, TikTok, Tumblr,..  AllMyTweets_Green_Change_Games_Forests_Peacebuilding_Projects_03_2022AllMyTweets_Greening_Deserts_on_Twitter_2016-2020-2021-2022  and Greening_Deserts_latest_tweets_and_retweets_on_Twitter_April_2022 and Twitter_Violations_of_Human_Rights_International_Laws_and_Ethical_Principles_short – if Twitter misses the last chance and the accounts won’t be restored or recovered until 21.05.2022 the text above will stay for ever and final version of history will be written – because then we will allow organizations such as PEN and international historians that they can use the article(s), texts and works for publication.

Original Article and Global Climate Emergency Call:

Europe’s and the world’s first vertical farming startup for threatened or endangered tree species as well as important crops or plants develops further concepts for energy and resource-saving species conservation, climate and environmental protection. Botanical gardens, national parks and nature reserves are invited to join the Greening Deserts Species Rescue CES-RPP, Greening Camp and the Trillion Trees Initiative and related projects. The emergency program and projects to save species, restore biodiversity and ecosystems need international support. The goal is to save more than 300 tree species from extinction by 2025 – for example through professional tree breeding, seed storage, distribution and joint tree planting activities. Some international species protection, climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection organizations have already showed their interest. We are looking forward to new partners in the future to master one of the biggest tasks and challenges of the decade. Reducing species extinction by mitigating its causes and promoting global biodiversity is at the forefront, also in urban regions and cities! With the Urban Greening Camp, the Urban Greening Network for healthier and greener cities was launched – many have followed the good example.

Species extinction, climate change, environmental degradation from monocultures, forestry and agriculture are increasingly evident. Droughts and heat waves have made many impacts and causes clearly visible. The problems with old bad habits or systems such as excessive deforestation, draining, pollution,and destruction by agriculture or monocultures in rainforests or similar ecosystems rich in biodiversity and crops are complex. Yet solutions can be very simple – as explained in these and other articles. New techniques, technologies, products or services are not always necessary, but can of course accelerate and / or improve sustainable developments. Greening Deserts has over the years presented good solutions to many of these world problems – such as really effective developments and sustainable solutions to stop deforestation by monocultures. Diverse concepts for desert greening, tree planting campaigns, urban greening, vertical agriculture and innovative project developments like the Greenhouse Ship show great possibilities and potentials how to combine biodiversity conservation, ecosystem restoration, productive eco-agriculture and eco-forestry. Here are some ideas, methodical and sustainable thinking using the palm oil issue as an example. It are a few excerpts from the concept paper for the palm forest project Palmforest.org.

  • Stop ALL new palm oil plantations in rainforests or similar ecosystems with rich biodiversity, fauna and flora.
  • Attempt to convert palm oil plantations to more environmentally friendly habitats with greater biodiversity. Alternatively, replace or relocate to areas with no or very low biodiversity.
  • Establish ecological agroforestry, mixed afforestation or reforestation with trees, shrubs, crops, herbs, fruit and vegetable plants.
  • Move oil palm plantations to man-made deserts, drylands, wastelands and desert-like areas; In these regions, there not much damage to the environment and soils possible.
  • Incorporate soil- and water-improving techniques such as sustainable drip irrigation through solar desalination systems.
  • Continuous improvement and research of agrophotovoltaics, agroforestry, cleantech and greentech in the greening camps.
  • Supporting various biodiversity, conservation, cultural, and scientific projects in each region, such as where the camps are beginning to restore or expand ecosystems.
  • Promote environmental awareness and more sustainable consumption, reducing overproduction and overconsumption, especially of products that harm the environment, people and wildlife.

It is unrealistic to reduce the demand for palm oil on a large scale in the next few years and palm oil boycotts or sanctions can be problematic, especially to solve the main problems or causes, many good solutions have been elaborated. The points are not firmly decided or fixed resolutions, but suggestions and of course can be added to or improved.

The world does not really need more food production, but a better sharing, distribution and preservation of food by cooling, drying, pulverizing and processing of food waste around the expiration date – for example with new infrastructures, logistics and startups for food waste preservation. Also local or regional cabinets and preservation machines or facilities in food retail outlets could be established – similar like Norway’s deposit return scheme for plastic bottles or similar plastic recycling machines! Current food sharing solutions are already quite good, but there is a lack of holistic solutions that solve the global supply chains, logistics or transport systems in connection with food waste preservation and food waste at expiry. The problems or solutions already start with the causes like overproduction, transport over long distances and environmental destruction by intensive agriculture. See, for example, monocultures and livestock or factory farming, as well as the excessive waste of food in supermarkets instead of preserving it, storing it and distributing it to the needy. A suggestion would be cooling and drying machines for perishable goods such as fish, meat, vegetables and fruit to make them durable before expiration. There are old tried-and-true methods for this, such as pulverization, cookies and chips – there are already vegetable chips, so why not make them from food waste. Retail itself, new startups and jobs could benefit from this innovation of direct preservation of “food waste”, just before or after the expiration date. The respective countries or EU and UN could even promote this and regulate it accordingly! It is really time to reduce the global famine of over 800 million people and hundreds of millions of children through better preservation and distribution systems – especially since the world produces food for well over 10 billion people! The suggested lack of food is hypocritical and a big lie. There is enough energy, food and water for everyone worldwide. The artificial limitation, commercialization and denial of these resources in certain countries or regions is systematic and violates ethical, moral and humanitarian principles, rules and laws – such as international Children’s and Human Rights. You can see many of Greening Deserts also as humanitarian projects and social work.

Climate and environmental protection, nature conservation and species protection are also important issues in the climate crisis. The human-induced impacts of climate and environmental change, such as desertification, global warming and other extreme weather events can be reduced through a more balanced climate or weather system. Glaciers, ice sheets and reflective snow layers play an important role in this – as do large grasslands, wetlands and global forests of course. All the trees and forests in urban areas are also important, as is the coastal greening, marine conservation at the coasts – so like the protection of the lakes, rivers, seas, oceans and other waters. The Greening Deserts and the Trillion Trees Initiative, actions, campaigns and projects moved many nations, organizations and people to plant millions or even billions of trees! Some countries have followed the advice and announced that they will plant one or even several billion trees in the next few years. There is evidence of the advice and recommendations that have been sent to various ambassadors, ministers, institutions and organizations. In some cases, it is easy to see that direct action was taken after being contacted and communicated. Some initiatives and projects even have prominent imitators.

Further important statements, facts and opinions on the topic of climate crisis, nature and environmental protection

Greening Deserts projects are part of the global climate emergency program and offering many solutions to really reduce and solve the global problems. Many of the projects also supporting real values and the Global Goals. Human impact on climate, environmental, natural and weather systems is significant. The excessive disruption, destruction and pollution of natural environmental systems and life forms has made the world what it is today!

Certain industries, institutions, organizations, people and other responsible parties that have destroyed ecosystems and important parts of the environment and polluted the planet are also partly responsible for the extinction of countless species and the destruction of the biosphere. They have caused not only an unstable atmosphere, but also more toxins, greenhouse gases and water vapor. People should be aware of these true facts, logical arguments and reality and care more, learn from them and do much better. It is never too late to change and improve the world together as humanity in a sustainable way. Negative actions and impacts can be prevented or reduced by nations together. Destroyers and polluters are thus prevented or even stopped from causing further pollution and environmental destruction. They should comply with laws, policies and global development goals on their own of course.

Climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, education, resilience and understanding of the true causes or circumstances should be a priority – as should the regular revision and updating of the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Download the complete article here.

Further opinions and statements:

For general understanding, many Change Games and Greening Deserts projects are environmental, educational, scientific, social and truly sustainable developments. Most of them were developed by the founder in his spare time. Many are or were non-commercial and private projects. The Greening Deserts and the Trillion Trees Initiative are still private initiatives and can be transformed into organizations or startups at any time.

Many conservationists, environmentalists, climate and nature activists want to protect species, some even the really important and endangered species. That is commendable and there could be many more of these activists. But it is much more important to save the really critically endangered species and protect them at the same time! Still hardly anyone understands how important species rescue is and how unimportant species protection of unimportant species is – at least in comparison and relation to the rapid species extinction of the truly threatened or critically endangered species. Every gardener is a species conservationist. What good does it do the biosphere, nature and mankind if we save the few species we hear about every day – such as the elephant, tiger, panda and co.. On the other hand, countless, much more important species are dying out every day, including many keystone species on which many other species depend. Unfortunately, there is also a lack of awareness and understanding of the biosphere in terms of biomass and species diversity. All life forms in organic soils, grasslands, wetlands, and global forests, as well as water bodies, which even significantly regulate climate and weather systems, are the main component of the biosphere!

If humans really want to prevent species extinction, they must maintain healthy ecosystems and restore important habitats and landscapes, especially wetlands and real forests. This will allow the atmosphere, biosphere and all parts of nature to recover, naturally regenerate and better self-regulate. The connection between species recovery, species protection, climate protection, environmental protection and biodiversity, biosphere and ecosystem services is often not seen accurately. To this day, many people do not realize that climate protection is also species protection and thus contributes significantly to the preservation of the biosphere – because the biosphere consists of species, i.e. biomass. One of the best ways to protect and save species is to preserve the important habitats of these species and to restore ecosystems through greening, reforestation and species protection camps or similar projects on a global scale. The founder and initiator of Greening Deserts has explained these important issues in several articles and offered innovative solutions with global initiatives or international projects such as the Trillion Trees Initiative.

Another important issue is the lack of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) on so many levels. One example is flood protection through nature-based solutions. It is logical that, for example, after drought years, dry and water-repellent soils make erosion and flooding even more extreme. Another problem is the lack of trees and wetlands that have been destroyed. The problem in Germany is and has been the lack of disaster preparedness and management for extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, DRR should be an established system worldwide. Urban flood protection through additional water reservoirs, waterways and underground reservoirs can also help reduce these risks – similar to the concept of sponge cities. Another problem is the lack of trees and wetlands, which have been destroyed primarily by extreme drainage for agriculture and strip mines. Many important ecosystems such as wetlands have been destroyed as a result, including wet forests, marshes, swamps, and floodplains. Facts and scientific advice on how to protect against land degradation, erosion and prevent flooding through disaster preparedness, nature-based solutions and sustainable water management can be found on the Greening Deserts project pages.

Many people from the climate movement, in governments, and even parts of industry have followed and been inspired by Greening Deserts’ articles and projects – especially the articles, master theses and projects. On the topic of soil improvement and the global greening, a lot of experiences have been gained and many experts have been exchanged about meaningful actions. Since 2017, Greening Deserts recommends desert greening with hemp, desert bamboo and thistles, which loosen the soil to great depths as well as improve the soil overall. Appropriate ground covers or special grasses also protect new tree plantings from drying out. Green manure plants such as special field beans and hemp can quickly build humus-rich topsoil. This even works in drylands and wastelands! Read more in Greening Deserts articles “Hemp toilet paper can reduce deforestation, climate change and global warming” and “Hemp cultivation in open-cast mines for sustainable soil improvement and organic farming with hemp“.

Climate, nature and environmental protection is also species protection.

All suffering is caused by ignorance. People inflict pain on others when they selfishly seek their own happiness or satisfaction.

Love and compassion are the foundations for world peace – at all levels.

The way to change others’ minds is with affection, not anger.

Peace does not mean an absence of conflicts; differences will always be there. Peace means solving these differences through peaceful means; through dialogue, education, knowledge; and through humane ways. – Dalai Lama

Greening Deserts projects have inspired and moved many millions of people to do something for their environment and others who need greener and healthier habitats.

Greening Camps can reduce deforestation, land degradation, desertification and global warming by global greening, conservation as well as promotion of biodiversity, ecosystem restoration and ecological reforestation!

Human ignorance will kill us and all life forms on planet Earth. The only way to prevent this dilemma is more awareness, education, environmental consciousness, respect and tolerance or even understanding.

Mankind does not need to travel to the desert planet Mars, if desertification continues at the current rate, we will have a desert planet Earth in 100 years!

Urban Greening is also Urban Cooling, so Global Greening is Global Cooling. – Oliver Caplikas

Ignorance, the root and the stem of every evil. – Plato

Ignorance, hatred and greed are killing nature. – Masanobu Fukuoka

Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence. This is the equation. – Ibn Rushd

It is better to be a warrior in a garden than a gardener in a war. – Miyamoto Musashi

Lasting peace cannot be prepared by threats but only by an honest attempt to establish mutual trust.

Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding. – Albert Einstein

The highest form of ignorance is when you reject something you know absolutely nothing about. – Dr. Wayne Dyer

The journey of every ignorant and obedient society always ends in the same place: In the desert. – Mehmet Murat Ildan

We can never achieve peace in the outside world until we make peace with ourselves.

Where ignorance is our master, there is no possibility of real peace. – Dalai Lama

Please support the global greening, peace process and human progress by supporting our sustainable projects and developments. – Greening Desert

The original article draft was written in January and February 2022, the first public version was finished on 21.02.2022.

Some comments, opinions and statements of Greening Deserts peace-building projects on social pages:

Children’s Rights and Women’s Rights are Human Rights. – DJOGC

@GreeningDeserts projects calling since February for more peace-building communications and negotiations by less provocations,.. support de-escalation and peace diplomacy! #BuildPeace #Humanity #Peace #Solidarity #UniteNations #UN #StopWar #RussiaUkrainePeace #UkraineRussiaPeace

Further pollution and heating of climate and environment by responsible industries and humans leads to more conflicts and crises! Telling these issues since years, offered solutions so many times. #globalcooling #globalgreening #peaceprocess #urbangreening

More nations must continue with war de-escalation diplomatic, logic, reason, humanitarian and cooperation for peace- building! Reasonable and strategic communication to #CreatePeace #Humanity #PeaceBuilding #PeaceProcess #Solidarity #StopWar #RussiaUkrainePeace #UkraineRussiaPeace

International women organizations unite for peace-building in Europe, Ukraine and Russia. Share more words and actions for #PeaceBuilding #UkraineRussiaPeace #RussiaUkrainePeace #PeaceBuilders #PeaceDays #PeaceProcess can #StopWar until April ! #BreakTheBias #WomensDay

Some Important words for real peacebuilding: Peacemaking and peacekeeping women make for a safer world. #BreakTheBias #InternationalWomensDay #InternationalWomensDay2022 #WomensDay International #PeaceBuilding #PeaceMonth #Peace #StopWar #UkraineRussiaPeace #RussiaUkrainePeace

The Greening Deserts and Trillion Trees Initiative’s community supporting the #globalgreening and peace process in Europe, Russia and Ukraine. We humans and nature forces call for peace-building peace speech! A peaceful end to the war is possible this month! #Peace #PeaceMonth #PeaceProcess

The parties and leaders of some European countries do not understand the seriousness of the situation and the coming consequences, as do many news media. First and foremost, emergency prevention, mental health and disaster risk reduction #DRR should be promoted more every day now – on all levels, especially in the media, news and talk shows! – 10-03-2022

There are many chances and ways to peace. But if things escalate by so much human egoisms and ignorance, profiling, provocations and escalations a point of no return can happen. Reason, de-escalation diplomacy, neutrality, honest compromises,.. and apologies for the mistakes on all sides can create trust, understanding,.. and real peace at the end. Many other actions we can see and have seen lead into more conflicts, escalations, suffering and more wars or even rising world war risks!

We need global disarmament, de-escalation and damage limitation, not rearmament, more escalations and provocations. Certain media, nations, politicians and parties are partwise responsible for escalations who made the conflicts more worse and even rises risk of world war danger!

Since February, we have been calling for more health issues, especially to care more about mental health, peace speeches and real or continous solidarity on social media. Unfortunately, not much has happened in this regard to date 15-03-2022. This can be seen just by the hashtags like #UkraineRussiaWar and many similar fear and war-mongering actions in various media. Certain media, people and parties or politicians have even further escalated and worsened the situation – they poured oil on the fire. It is once again the typical symptom fighting problem instead of cause solution and crisis prevention by reasonable de-escalation diplomacy, language or actions, risk minimization, foresighted action and farsightedness. We need more peace speech and less war speech or spreading of war in the digital or media space! Support peace promoting actions like more peace speech and less war speech, hate speech and other destructive or provocative actions that make the situation worse and more worse. By many of the unnecessary actions, provocations and escalations certainly many people have fallen ill and additionally died! In addition the risk of a world war has increased enormously. If the world war and thus nuclear war breaks out, this will probably be the last.

There are many chances and ways to peace. But if things escalate by so much human egoisms and ignorance, provocations and escalations a point of no return can happen. Reason, de-escalation diplomacy, neutrality, honest compromises and apologies for the mistakes on all sides can really solve the conflicts in a sustainable way. Continuous actions to build understanding and trust can additionally accelerate and improve peace developments as well as peace negotiations.

Everyone who ignores that, pushes or shares the war instead of peace speech is also responsible for suffering people, destruction of environment and humanity. Anger and hatred will make everthing worse, so try to prevent it if you can’t or won’t help. Each action, human and life count, to do nothing won’t help to bring back peace! Share and support #PeaceBuilding #PeaceProcess #PeaceSpeech #Solidarity #StopWar #RussiaUkrainePeace #UkraineRussiaPeace

More peace speech and less hate, military or war speech will lead to real and sustainable peace! Share and support more #PeaceActions #PeaceBuilding #PeaceSpeech and not #HateSpeech #WarSpeech or other escalating, corrupted, influenced, manipulated and provocating “war media”. #X

Main problems of the world are pushing or multiplication of war speech, themes and actions in digital, mental and real life. Many media act very one-sided, push war topics and too little peace. If talking about war, don’t forget peace! #PeaceBuilding #PeaceSpeech #PeaceMedia ?!

Political parties and leaders of certain countries have failed to recognize the seriousness of the situation and the consequences, as has much of the news media. The primary concern is emergency prevention, mental health, and reducing the risk of further escalation and disasters.

Support more peace-building peace speeches and real peace actions, not anger-driven, hateful, harmful military or warlike actions and pseudo-solidarity as seen in so many cases. True peace needs understanding, peaceful and healthy action. #PeaceBuilding #PeaceProcess #PeaceSpeech

The only way to real and lasting peace is de-escalation diplomacy, compromise, diplomatic, non-provocative and reasonable communication with all parties. Create honest trust and understanding by reasonable and trustful dialog or exchange. #PeaceBuilding #PeaceKeeping #PeaceSpeech

We need now more as hope, we need people and nations for daily peace-building actions! Other unimportant things we can do later. Think logical and reasonable, all other actions make no sense if actual crisis escalates into world war. #AssistNature #PeaceBuilding #PeaceProcess #UniteForces

Support@GreeningDesertsbiodiversity, conservation, cultural, humanitarian, peace-building, social and sustainable projects for a greener and better world. Share more solidarity for real peace actions. #GlobalGreening #PeaceBuilding #Peace4Ukraine #PeaceSpeech #ReForestation

An international day of forests or trees is too less for all the global forest ecosystems, life forms and people who provide so much healthy air, food, medicine and water. That’s why we start today the first Global Forest Week with daily news and updates. #ForestDays #ForestWeek

#IntlForestDay #ForestDays #FreshWater #WorldWaterDay #WaterDays

Most of the global fresh water comes from forests. World’s waters and weather cycles depend on trees. #TrillionTrees Initiative .. We need water and we need these forests. Wangari Maathai

Unite for #ForestDays #ForestWeek #IntlForestDay.s The death of the forest is the end of our life. – Dorothy Stang The tropical rain forests are a telling example. Once cut down, they rarely recover. Rainfall drops, deserts spread, the climate warms. – James Lovelock loves trees

Forests provide fresh water, clean air, food, habitats, medicine, ecosystem services and much more. #ForestDays #GlobalForests #IntlForestDays #Trees We’ve all got to come together, and we’ve got to protect what’s left of our ancient forests on this planet. – Stella McCartney

#Biodiversity #ForestDays #IntlForestDay #TrillionTrees #WorldWaterDay Protect the forests for those who can’t speak for themselves such as the birds, animals, fish and trees. – Qwatsinas We can learn a lot from the forests, regrowth, change and beauty. – Catherine Pulsifer

Need a sense of peace and relaxation, take a walk through the forest. – Byron Pulsifer Support the #GlobalGreening, #PeaceBuilding and reforestation projects of Greening Deserts and Trillion Trees Initiative. #ForestWeek #PeaceTrees #Peace4Ukraine #Trees4Peace #TrillionTrees

About 75% of crops depend on pollinators, 75% of our freshwater comes from healthy forests, and more than half of the world’s population depends on healthy ecosystems for their livelihoods. #IntlForestDay #ForestDays #WorldWaterDay

Coasts, forests, grasslands, lakes, mountains, rivers, seas and many different ecosystems are connected to forest ecosystems. Trees are one of the main species who have conquered the whole world and nearly all habitats – even in deserts and wetlands like swamps. #Tree #ForestDays

#DesertGreening #GlobalGreening #IntlForestDay #PeaceDay #WorldWaterDay If you go to a desert, you will hear this mysterious voice: Be wise, protect your forests! The journey of every ignorant and obedient society always ends in the same place: In the desert. – M. Murat Ildan

Greening Deserts 1001+ Critically Endangered Tree Species Seed Storage and Tree Cultivation Project. The Trillion Trees Initiative will help to share trees and seeds worldwide in the future, especially in regions where more biodiversity.. #trilliontreesinitiative

Droughts and heat waves of recent years clearly show that the climate crisis has a significant impact on our lives, the environment, consumption and our economy. Climate change adaptation with greening, reforestation and resilient plants, trees or forests can help. #IntlForestDay

The forests are the lungs of the world. – Woody Harrelson We need to protect our forests to protect all of life. – Samantha Lynch What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another. Chris Maser #ForestDay

#GlobalForests #IntlForestWeek #IntlForestDay s #Together4Forests ? https://trilliontrees.medium.com Since years we informed so much responsible organizations or people @ EU, WEF, WWF,.. for support. Until today they ignore our ecological, environmental, non-profit and social projects.

Since years @GreeningDeserts and Trillion Trees Initiative called several officials, organizations and institutions to stop further harm from injurious subsidies – especially in Africa, Americas and South Asia! Don’t burn forests, build! #EcoForestry ?! https://twitter.com/TrillionTreesEU

Share if you really care #Biodiversity #ForestDays #GlobalForests #IntlForestDay s #IntlForestWeek The cutting of primeval forest and other disasters, fueled by the demands of growing human populations, are the overriding threat to biological diversity everywhere. – E.O. Wilson

Nature-near boreal forests can have much biodiversity, many tree species like coniferous and deciduous trees, diverse plants like herbs, shrubs, grasses, and species of fungi, lichens, insects, animals and.. #BorealForest #ForestDays #IntlForestDay #TrillionTrees #WorldWaterDay

#Biodiversity #ForestDays #GlobalForestWeek #IntlForestDay s To be without trees would, in the most literal way, to be without our roots. – Richard Mabey We’ve all got to come together, and we’ve got to protect what’s left of our ancient forests on this planet. – Stella McCartney

#ForestDay #TrillionTrees Forests are the flags of nature. They appeal to all and awaken inspiring universal feelings. Enter the forest and the boundaries of nations are forgotten. It may be that some time an immortal pine will be the flag of a united peaceful world. E.A. Mills

Organizations, people and especially politicians talk a lot about tree planting, forests and reforestation – most of them have never planted a single tree or only for profiling. #ForestDay #ForestFacts #TreeFacts #GlobalForestDay #IntlForestDay #WorldForestDay s #WorldWaterDays

Greening Camps and the Trillion Trees Initiative for biodiversity conservation, ecological education, ecosystem restoration, reforestation, environmental and species protection camps can reduce deforestation, global warming and mass extinction. #EndangeredSpecies #TrillionTrees

Some nice African quotes to International Forest Day. Trees we plant today are forests we enjoy tomorrow. – Matshona Dhliwayo. Until you dig a hole, you plant a tree, you water it and make it survive, you haven’t done a thing. You are just talking. – Wangari Maathai #ForestDay

I know there is pain when sawmills close and people lose jobs, but we have to make a choice. We need water and we need these forests. – Wangari Maathai Support African efforts to reduce coal and wood burning! Solar heating, lights and renewable energy generation @GreeningDeserts

The Greening Camps and Trillion Trees Initiatives can plant diverse trees and endangered tree species to support biodiversity conservation and real forests. We can support forest owners with advises for #agroforestry, #biodiversity #ecoforestry and real sustainable reforestation!

We recommend to upgrade monoculture tree plantations or “forests” with more diverse plant and tree species. It’s possible to add so many useful species from real and healthy forests, involve botanists, conservationists, biodiversity and ecosystem experts! #EFCM #biodiverseforests

God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools. – John Muir Humanity is cutting down its forests, apparently oblivious to the fact that we may not be able to live without them..

For years we recommended the use of hemp and rice straw for feed pellets. You can also use rice straw pellets for clean cooking and heating! Many households have pellet heating, they are efficient, optimized and relatively sustainable. #food #hemp #feedpellets #ricestraw #pellets

Humanity should not remain insensitive to the forest fire or wildfire every year. Unless we act, the loss of biodiversity and extinction of herbs, birds and animals and the pains of the trees, birds, animals and the poor is also alarming signal for the extinction… – Amit Ray

Remember Forest Lawn Memorial Park at Hollywood Hills in Southern California? It would be great if the Academy Awards or Oscars 2022 showed a little more respect for America’s ancestors, environment, forests and history. #Hollywood plant trees for a #Hollyforest #MemorialForest?

The Trillion Trees Initiative will start a special campaign and tree planting actions to create a memorial forest for the victims of the war in East Europe and European Russia. Let’s plant a tree for everyone who died by the war in Ukraine. Plant trees for #Peace #Trees4Peace !

Do Hollywood and Oscar Celebrations care the world’s forests? Maybe plant some trees for a new wood or even a Hollywoods forest to remember the history or roots of art, culture, environment? #Academy #Awards #BollyWood #ForestDays #ForestWeek #HolyWood #HollyWood #Oscars #woods

Hemp can help to improve air, climate, soil and water quality. Hemp plants supporting biodiversity and saving forests. Hemp paper products can reduce climate change effects like deforestation, desertification and global warming. #Hanf #Hanfpapier #hemppaper #hemp #trees #cannabis

Rewet, restore, reforest and regreen worldwide ecosystems is a mission of the upcoming global greening and ecosystem restoration camps, especially in Africa, Europe and MENA region! #drylands #wastelands #wetlands #DesertGreening #GreeningMENA #ReGreening #ReForest #TrillionTrees

#ForestDay #IntlForestDay #WorldForestDay s We must protect the forests for our children, grandchildren and children yet to be born. We must protect the forests for those who can’t speak for themselves such as the birds, animals, fish and trees. Qwatsinas, Native Nuxalk Nation

We want to support African and European nations to plant diverse fruit and native trees. Three greening camp and tree nursery projects for millions of trees are running, including important native plant species. #biodiversity #conservation #palmforest #palmtrees #treespecies

@GreeningDeserts.com informed officials of Germany and EU about climate change effects, global warming, deforestation, desertification, droughts, floods, soil degradation,.. since 2016! Sad that they ignored advice to reduce and avoid some of these risks. #AI #EE #DRR #Greening

Replying to @Greening_Camp

Very interesting, thanks for sharing! Nature near and green places or spaces for better biodiversity, conservation can be established by more wild meadows, wild flower beds, botanical garden sections, parks and city biotopes. #UrbanGreening #UrbanForest #UrbanTrees #raisedbeds

It shows that the world’s cities need much more biodiversity, nature-near forest ecosystems, natural places, spaces and trees. Urban Greening means also creating blue or freshwater habitats #UrbanForests #UrbanTrees #UrbanGreening #IntlForestDay #WorldForestDay #WorldWaterDay s

Greening Deserts started the Greening MENA project to reduce desertification and land degradation by sustainable desalination, irrigation, greening and reforestation especially in North Africa. #GreeningMENA #GM #GreatGreenWall #NorthAfrica #TrillionTrees

Greening Deserts projects like the Greening Camps can support agrophotovoltaic, floating solar, greentech, water and wind energy in each region were we start with greening and reforestation. It will improve biodiversity, protect soils and water reservoirs. #DesertGreening

Greening Deserts projects will improve the climate and reduce global warming in a large scale. @EnergyStoragePR #CleanTech #EE #EnergyStoragePark #GreenTech #GreeningCamp #GreeningDrone #GreenhouseShip #GreeningCoasts #SciencePark #SolarPark #TrillionTrees #WaterPark #WindPark

We will start another global forest week in future. What sounds better for you, a Global, International or World Forest Week? Share constructive feedback and interesting tweets in the comments if you want. #ForestWeek #GlobalForestWeek #InternationalForestWeek #WorldForestWeek

Since years we call Europe or EU to do more for biodiversity in forests and for more resilient forest ecosystems. @GreeningDeserts.com To be without trees would, in the most literal way, to be without our roots. Richard Mabey #European #ForestDay #ForestWeek #IntlForestDay s ?

Men and women, people and institutions, organizations or even nations show courage and solidarity. You have good ideas about trees or forests to share for the Global Forest Week? Scroll down and tweet in the comments. #ForestDays #ForestWeek #GlobalForestWeek #GFW #IntlForestWeek

A tree has roots in the soil yet reaches to the sky. It tells us that in order to aspire we need to be grounded and that no matter how high we go it is from our roots that we draw sustenance. – Wangari Maathai – African Forest Week #ForestDay #IntlForestDay s #ForestWeek Africa?

Regreen and revive soils with bamboo, grass, hemp, or other soil-improving plants. Saving rainwater and using seawater for sustainable irrigation will improve tree plantings and healthy forests. Composting and mineral fertilizers can accelerate the plant growth. @GreeningDeserts

Each day should be #IntlForestDay #PeaceDay #WorldWaterDay ! When humanity really understands these connections or links, the importance of real nature, forests, peace and water, we will all enter a new era of human progress. A world of developers, explorers and space explorers.

Today we finish the Global Forest Week we started on the International Day of Forests. If you have good ideas about biodiversity, conservation, nature, forests and trees you can share it in the comments! #ForestDay #IntlForestDay s #ForestWeek #GlobalForestWeek 21-28 March 2022

An international day of forests or trees is too less for all the global forest ecosystems, life forms and people who provide so much healthy air, food, medicine and water. That’s why we start today the first Global Forest Week with daily news and updates. #ForestDays #ForestWeek

Greening Deserts Trillion Trees Initiative started the first Global Forest Week on the International Day of Forests and World Water Day to show the importance of biodiversity, healthy forest ecosystems and fresh water. #DesertForest.org #IntlForestDay #WorldWaterDay #WetForest.org

You want support biodiversity, real sustainable tree planting and forest actions, reduce droughts and urban heat islands effects? Follow and share Greening Deserts projects @TrillionTreesEU @TrillionTreesIn #TreePlanting #Together4Forests #UrbanForest #UrbanTrees #ReForestation

Greening Deserts Projekte fordern seit 2016 mehr Artenschutz, Artenvielfalt, Klimaschutz, Umweltschutz,.. in Deutschland und Europa! @TrillionTreesEU #Artenschutz #Auen #Biodiversität #Feuchtwald #Feuchtgebiete #Klimaschutz #Moorschutz #Stadtwald #Umweltschutz #Waldtag #Waldwoche

Facts and scientific advice on flood protection and prevention with disaster risk reduction, nature-based solutions and sustainable water management. #coalexit #conversion #DRR #forests #greening #masterplan #mining #restore #wetlands #Tagebau #Feuchtwald

You can download the latest article and updates here: Global Greening Deserts Trillion Trees Initiative Climate Emergency, Peace Building and Species Rescue Update

Green Games Community and Trillion Trees Game tree planting platform for game developers, gamers and publishers

The Green Games and Trillion Trees Initiative develops innovative concepts and projects for sustainable IT and game developments. The future community platform and social networks will connect game developers, publishers and gamers together for global sustainability, climate and environmental goals. This will motivate and support especially species, climate and environmental protection actions as well as organizations. The actions, initiatives and projects also promote more environmentally friendly behaviour.

The founder of Change Games and Greening Deserts launched the first developments for the Trillion Trees Game in 2020 in Leipzig. The game is not just a simple tree planting game, AAA game or larger indie game development. It will be an online game and a platform with many games. People will be able to play mini-games and indie games directly in the game, and they can start other games outside directly through the game. If the games are played in the Trillion Trees Game or special actions and events are started in external connected games, real trees will be planted in the real world. It depends on how much and how long you play, extra tree points can be collected. Later, special tasks, actions, events, achievements and challenges will support special reforestation or forestation projects and conservation actions. Other tree planting, renewable energy projects, recycling actions and important environmental projects, organizations or even movements can then also be supported with appropriate support from the Green Games and Trillion Trees Game Community. Sponsors, grants, and innovative funding models from around the world can accelerate and improve the projects. So the platform and network can bring together not only the game industry and industry, but also some other important industries as well as climate, nature and environmental organizations. The media, culture, IT and global technology industries can benefit as well, especially industries like cleantech, greentech and green IT. Many additional jobs could be created.

Games change games. Game developers, publishers and gamers can be real game changers in relation to environment, innovation and ecological gaming.

The game will be realized with highest performance and quality standards such as modular game design, API connectivity, cross applications, green coding, energy efficient cloud streaming for many popular devices in the future. Accessibility, usability and different uses on the platform are considered and optimized over time like other services – such as energy efficient streaming or scaling for diverse devices like smartphones and tablets. More innovative details can be found in the game design papers and concept of Trillion Trees Game development. Experienced game developers are invited to integrate suitable developments. Meant are not only whole games, but also elements or parts like art, graphics, audio or music and sounds.

Game developers, publishers, game consumers or gamers and all branches have to do with game industry should overthink their real impacts on climate and environment. It is not just about energy efficiency, preventing or saving CO2 like many organizations or even institutions want to suggest. It’s about all the factors in relation, starting with first game developments and using resources and services. The impacts of video games on environment and climate change rise up by cloud gaming, game and video streaming plus all the media produced for platforms like Twitch or Youtube. Some games, esport gamers, streamers and let’s players wasting much resources and energy without really knowing their impact. Think about all the productions, supply chains, resources, main and side events, advertising, marketing, promotion, media streaming, etc… what the most people see is just the tip of the iceberg. That’s why Change Games started in 2017 the Green Games community which is now a global movement.

It would be good if more media, Global Game Jams and other game events would take more care of the important issues and points, for example on the topic of energy efficiency, recycling and the environment. The founder visited many events like Gamescom and Games Week in Berlin, also to educate and inform the industry – especially in the field of eSports and online gaming. Unfortunately, when it came to the point of environment and responsibility, there was often a lot of disinterest, misunderstanding or ignorance – who likes to admit mistakes. Mostly only the old typical arguments and problems came, which they try to cope with. It’s sad that nothing or so little has changed for the better over the years, things have even gotten worse, for example in terms of energy consumption. The game industry doesn’t have much time left to change course. Green Games consultants and game experts can help! Just ask, let’s support each other and use our work, services and projects directly or indirectly, like recommendations for other good services and solutions we have found over the years.

The game branch made a lot of extra money during the crisis, the energy and video game consumption was higher than ever before. Now it is time that the game branch or industry takes responsibility and starts finanlly to challenge the most serious problems like the energy consumption, reducing overproduction, improving the supply chains and work conditions by more sustainable production and working. The maybe most important issues in 2021 are carbon footprint of industries like fossil, media, tech, IT and game industry.

Game developers, gamers and publishers should understand the impacts of console, computer and video games on environment, climate change and global warming! Just a few examples for the energy consumption and inequalities. Online gaming in California consumes more energy than the entire population of Ghana or Ethiopia in Africa. Bitcoin mining more than Bangladesh or Nigeria. It’s not just about energy waste, ewaste or carbon footprint. 2021 e-waste is surging at 57.4 million tons with just 17.4% was recycled as per 2019 figures. E-waste impacts climate, environment, health and global warming. E-waste recycling emits emerging synthetic antioxidants. Recycling ewaste requires energy, resources, tech and IT again!

The video game industry is partwise responsible for generating mountains of toxic e-waste and plastics that leach hazardous chemicals into the ground and waters. 91% of worldwide plastics wasn’t recycled, billions of tons of plastic have been made and much of it has becoming trash, litter and microplastics. More than 99% of plastics are produced from chemicals derived from oil, natural gas and coal – which are dirty and non-renewable resources. Only 9% of all plastic waste has been recycled. A main problem is the use of too much plastics and plastic packaging. It is similar with other electronic equipment, gamer gear, high-end gaming PCs, notebooks and countless smartphones. So much models and overproduction of hardware over the half of humanity never can use or will be e-waste after short use. Too less people use their stuff over many years, repair or reuse it by upcycling. More game-related businesses should see these facts, chances and opportunities – not just the recycling.

To be more aware and to care more about we reported about these topics with the Green Games community. We want to integrate special cleantech and recycling programs on the Trillion Trees Game platform in future, for example renewable energy generation by solar and wind power. For example, you can then support local communities in your own region or other regions – such as reducing overconsumption or overproduction and improving renewable energy, recycling, repair and upcycling. This is particularly beneficial to poor countries such as in Africa, Asia or South America. Read more about climate change and environmental impacts of e-waste and video games on our social pages. We want build a special team for all major networks and platforms in the future. When we finally get proper support after many years, we can set this up in 2022, that is when active and financial support for the projects will be offered or proposed. Because to date, sustainability and environmental protection are not really promoted in the games industry.

The video game industry is bigger than the sports and movie industry combined! If there are no real regulations to reduce the bad impacts on climate, humanity will fail to stop the climate crisis. Green Games and Green IT could change that! Read more about on the social networks like Twitter. We will build a special team in future just for all the networks and platforms.

We invite all people with courage to join and support our ongoing project developments. Individual game developers and game studios are welcome to participate in a joint venture, for example with an extra team. In future spaces at the Urban Greening Camp there will be a lot of space, a lot of interesting work and of course a lot of fun. At the moment you can do a lot online and of course in your home office. With the right financial support, it would be no problem to quickly build appropriate teams, create the necessary equipment and infrastructure, and outsource tasks or services, such as those that are too complicated to do on-site or better done externally. The founder has years of experience as a clan and guild founder as well as project developer and event manager. He has assembled and led teams with over a hundred members! This was of course a lot of work and took good time, with financial support this is of course even better and faster. Change Games Entertainment and the Trillion Trees Game development will be continued as private initiative. International joint ventures with game developers and publishers will be developed, first teams can be started if there is enough interest and support.

Some information about actual developments and backgrounds

Change Games Entertainment launched the Greening Deserts and Trillion Trees Initiative with many innovative projects to improve conservation, environmental education, climate and environmental protection, species rescue, and species protection by building, expanding, and supporting biotope networks, wildlife reserves, national parks, and other nature-based habitats. Flower strips, wild meadows, parks, and groves in urban areas can be created through more urban greening and community gardening. It’s not just about planting trees in forests. Urban trees and urban forests are just as important a part of the greening process. Species diversity (biodiversity), species rescue and biodiversity play a particularly important role.

People should understand the true value of a single tree, especially in cities. In August the founder published a world innovation for urban greening with energy storage raised beds, the project development is called Energy Storage Tree. The Urban Greening Camp project started also Greening MENA, RooftopGreening.com and the Urban Greening Network for healthier and greener cities, many followed the good example. With the first Urban Greening Camp and vertical farming startup in Leipzig we will not just cultivate trees and save tree species by professional seed storage and plant breeding. We will develop also awesome applications, products, services and technologies – especially cleantech, greentech, energy efficient, resource saving and greening solutions. Better light setups and water managment, sustainable irrigation, development of new innovative fertilization, natural and smooth pesticides are another aspects. Read more on the project pages in future.

The mentioned and connected projects show how broadly Greening Deserts is positioned and which topics also play into the latest developments, especially into the current game development of the Trillion Trees Game platform. GreenGames.club, Play2Plant.org and TreeGame.org will support the future developments. There will be Green Games Forests in Africa and Europe, especially in regions that need more biodiversity and tree species that can contribute to better climate change adaptation. If you want to be a game changer and a part of the movement or just want to show support, contact us and support the Green Games community with useful contributions. Don’t hesitate contact and connect.trilliontreesgame.com.

Some inspirational thinking and writing:

Climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection is also species protection.

Electronic and energy waste: environmental impacts, toxics and pollution by media, IT and video games industry are serious treats to life on planet Earth. Reduce climate impact with sustainable supply chains, cleantech, greentech and Green IT!

Greening Camps can reduce deforestation, land degradation, desertification and global warming through global greening, conservation as well as biodiversity enhancement, ecosystem restoration and ecological reforestation!

Some of the biggest world problems and challenges are to reduce the big waste of energy, money and resources, especially at mega events like COP26, E3 or Gamescom. The Green Games Community and upcoming green video game industry could change that!

We need more environmental awareness and sustainability, sustainable living and sustainable working, in all fields or areas. We need to create a world of understanding, acceptance, respect, tolerance, compassion and consciousness. – Oliver Gediminas Caplikas

Computer and video games represent one of the most important new media developments of this generation. Unlike many other forms of entertainment they offer players the opportunity to explore, be creative, learn through interaction and express themselves to others. It is vitally important that we protect and nurture this new art form so that it can reach its full potential. Like most new forms of artistic expression that have come before (music, novels, movies), the primary critics of video games are the people that do not play them. – Will Wright

Today, your cell phone has more computer power than all of NASA back in 1969, when it placed two astronauts on the moon. Video games, which consume enormous amounts of computer power to simulate 3-D situations, use more computer power than mainframe computers of the previous decade. The Sony PlayStation of today, which costs $300, has the power of a military supercomputer of 1997, which cost millions of dollars. – Michio Kaku

What if we started to live our real lives like gamers, lead our real businesses and communities like game designers, and think about solving real-world problems like computer and video game theorists? – Jane McGonigal

International emergency program for global species rescue, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem restoration

The initiator of the Greening Deserts Species Rescue and Protection Program CES-RPP for international species protection and biodiversity calls on the European Union and the responsible Commission to finally support the emergency program for the rescue and recovery of species. It is about endangered species which could become extinct tomorrow and especially about the keystone species on which many other important species depend. Only a few days ago a German nature conservation association followed the call and also demands an emergency programv – it would be good to coordinate in this important matter. Nature and environmental protection organizations such as BUND have been invited several times to the species rescue and protection program. Until today, unfortunately, there was no concrete feedback or response. The emergency program and projects for species rescue, biodiversity and ecosystem restoration calls for international support.

Background on the important species conservation program and projects for species recovery and biodiversity

Greening Deserts founder has been calling for international institutions and organizations to support the CES-RPP emergency program for global species rescue, recovery and protection since 2019. Countless departments, employees and organizations of the European Union as well as UN have been informed several times and invited by eMail, hundreds have confirmed the call and the infomail. On the pages of Greening Deserts and the Trillion Trees Initiative you can read a lot of information about the special species rescue program and the species protection projects, including side projects like Afforestation.org, GreenRingAfrica.com, Hemp-Paper.org, PalmPaper.org, RiceStrawPaper.com,… Rice straw paper can reduce greenhouse emissions and environmental pollution significantly, otherwise farmers burn it or it rots and forms methane. Hemp plants can improve the biodiversity and soil – it’s good for bees and other insects! These alternative papers can reduce deforestation and supporting reforestation with improved soils. You can read more about improvement of soils with hemp on Greening Deserts project pages. Support a more sustainable paper, packaging and green building industry!

Extra pages were registered for the global species rescue program, for the German-speaking area Artenrettung.com, for Europe SpeciesProtection.eu and internationally SpeciesRescue.com! The sites were registered in 2020 and 2021. It is about the economic and scientific establishment of species rescue on a global scale. Some international species protection, climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection organizations have already registered their interest. We are looking forward to new partners in the future to jointly master one of the biggest tasks and challenges for the decade – the reduction of species extinction by mitigating the causes and by promoting global biodiversity – also in urban regions and cities! The Urban Greening Camp project started RooftopGreening.com and the Urban Greening Network for healthier and greener cities, many followed the good example. In August the founder published a world innovation for urban greening with energy storage raised beds, the project development is called Energy Storage Tree.

Germany’s first vertical farming startup for threatened and endangered tree species and important crops is developing further concepts for resource-saving species conservation. The diversity of species is in the foreground and as far as possible, different varieties of a species are cultivated to achieve genetic diversity. Botanical gardens, biotopes, national parks and nature reserves are invited to join the Greening Deserts Species Protection Program CESRPP and the related species conservation projects for more biodiversity in forests. The goal is to save over 300 tree species from extinction by 2025, such as through professional tree breeding and distribution.

Important facts, opinions and statements

The following is important information on species conservation, climate protection, climate change and environmental protection in the climate crisis. It is not primarily about the human-caused part of “climate change” and global warming. It is about the global human impact or influcence on climate, environmental, natural and weather systems. The excessive disturbance or destruction and pollution of the natural environmental systems and life forms!

Certain industries like agriculture, heavy industry, chemical, coal, concrete, steel, arms and war industries which destroyed ecosystems and important parts of the environment and polluted the planet are also responsible for the extinction of species and the destruction of the biosphere. They caused not only an unstable atmosphere, but also more toxins, greenhouse gases and water vapor. They are partly responsible for certain harmful climate changes and mass extinction. Many scientists try to partially deny or excuse this, but it is what it is.., but it is how it is. By the way, facts, real truth or reality will be written by us all humans together. Means the whole humanity, opinions and collective wisdom represent the real reality not just a single opinion or study. Humans should aware and care more about these true facts, logical arguments and real truth! The fact that we are living in a hot age and a time of many climate and weather extremes, means that humanity and all life forms should make the best of it and better adapt. The best way is to promote adaptation, education, resilience and understanding of the circumstances. It is reasonable to live and work with nature, not against it!

Many conservationists, climate, nature, and environmental activists want to protect species, some even the really important and endangered species. This is commendable and there could be many more of these activists. But it is much more important to save the really critically endangered species and to protect them at the same time! Today, still almost nobody understands how important the species rescue and how unimportant the species protection of unimportant species is – at least in comparison and in relation to the rapid species extinction of really threatened or critically endangered species. Each gardener is a protector of species. What is the use for the biosphere, nature and mankind to save the few species we hear about every day. On the other hand, countless much more important species are dying out every day, including many keystone species on which many other species depend. Unfortunately, there is also a lack of awareness and understanding of the biosphere in relation to the biomass and diversity of species. Just look, organic soils, grasslands, wetlands and global forests who regulate even the climate and weather systems are the main part of the biodsphere!

If mankind prevents species extinction by preserving healthy ecosystems and restoring important habitats and landscapes, or if natural regeneration processes are more supported, the atmosphere and biosphere could recover, regenerate naturally and regulate itself. The connection between species recovery, species protection, climate protection, environmental protection and biodiversity, biosphere and ecosystem services is often not seen clearly. Until today, many people do not understand that climate protection is also species protection and thus contributes significantly to the preservation of the biosphere. One of the best ways to protect and save species is to preserve the important habitats of these species and to do ecosystem restoration with greening, reforestation species protection camps on a global level. Greening Deserts founder and initiator explained these important issues in several articles and offered innovative solutions with many global initiatives or international projects.

Another thing is the missing issue or topic of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) on so many levels. One example in the case of flood prevention by nature-based solutions. It’s logic that after such drought years, dry and water repellent soils make erosions and floods more extreme. Another problem are the missing trees and wetlands were destroyed. The problem in Germany is and was the missing disaster risk reduction and disaster management in case of extreme weather events like droughts and floods, DRR should be a worldwide established system. Even urban flood prevention by extra water sheds, water ways and underground reservoirs can help to reduce these risks. Another problem is the lack of trees and wetlands that have been destroyed – especially by extreme drainage for agriculture and open pit mines. Many important ecosystems such as wetlands have been destroyed as a result, including floodplains, bogs, fens and wet forests. Facts and scientific advice on flood protection and prevention with disaster risk reduction, nature-based solutions and sustainable water management you can find on Greening Deserts project pages.

If humanity understands all these relations there will be maybe a chance of get back a certain balance, harmony or peace — to live peacefull with nature and each other. I call it the harmonic coexistence, if you lived my life during the last ten years you would understand what I mean. To all the worldwide scientific colleages, it is no alarmism, it is pure reality and truth, it are serious advises, concerns and of course personal opinions what’s going on. You can experience and research yourself during many years or decades.

Many people of the climate movement, governments and even parts of the industry followed and got inspired by Greening Deserts articles and projects – especially the master works or plans. Read for example the master work for a faster and more efficient coal exit in coal regions, it was published years before there was a Coal Commission in Germany! Published many good papers and solutions for the biodiversity and climate crisis, the green building and energy transition during the years, long before there was the actual climate movement or Fridays for Future. Even the green ring logo was designed for the Green Ring Movement and Trillion Trees Initiative before FFF started. Just to mention the history and origins of some ideas and works. At the end we at Greening Deserts are happy that so many people got inspired and followed the good examples. Desert greening with desert bamboo and thistles loosens and improves the soil. Green manure plants such as special field beans and hemp can quickly build up humus-rich topsoils. This even works in drylands and wastelands! Read more about in the article Hemp toilet paper can reduce deforestation, climate change and global warming‘ and ‘Hemp cultivation in open-cast mines for sustainable soil improvement and organic farming with hemp‘.

Climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection is also species protection.

Greening Camps can reduce deforestation, land degradation, desertification and global warming through global greening, conservation as well as biodiversity enhancement, ecosystem restoration and ecological reforestation!

Humanity don’t need to travel to desert planet Mars if the desertification continues in the actual rate, we will have a desert planet Earth in 100 years!

Urban Greening is also Urban Cooling, thus is Global Greening Global Cooling.

We need more environmental awareness and sustainability, sustainable living and sustainable working, in all fields or areas. We need to create a world of understanding, acceptance, respect, tolerance, compassion and consciousness. – Oliver Gediminas Caplikas

Urban Greening Camp in Leipzig for biodiversity conservation, cleantech, greentech and vertical farming

The world’s first nursery and vertical farming startup for endangered tree species was started by the Leipzig Palms and Urban Greening Camp project. The urban gardening company is connected with the scientific and private project for vertical farming. It is an ongoing project development until we expand into bigger halls of the building and start with the urban farming facilities for special herbs and vegetables. First we have to test a lot of vertical farming and lighting systems. We will keep you updated here and on the other official pages and channels.

There are also good news during the crisis, such as the creation of a successful startup for urban greening, green and clean technologies combined with innovation and knowledge management. Urban agriculture and vertical farming as well as plant cultivation with hydroponics is traded by futurologists as the future of agriculture. This was also a reason to develop an extra Urban Greening Camp in Leipzig years ago and to build it up since 2020. In the run-up, the first tree and plant species have already been cultivated, including particularly endangered species. Herbs and medicinal plants will be cultivated in further grow rooms which are in preparation. There is actual no vertical farming company worldwide who combines biodiversity conservation, urban farming, tree cultivation and species protection. It is also a model project and pilot for various innovative developments — for a more ecological farming and sustainable forestry worldwide, we call it Ecosystem Restoration Systems. #ecorestorsys

Urban Greening Camp vertical farming startup example for endangered trees.

The greening camps will cultivate many native plants and important trees for agriculture and forestry. Cities will be supplied through home improvement stores and garden centers. The camps will simultaneously serve education and training, development and research. Urban and vertical farming is being taken very seriously in some major Asian cities, and complete greenhouse buildings (Urban / Vertical Farming Towers) are even being planned. With sufficient support, we can also realize a vertical greenhouse over several floors in Leipzig. The Urban Greening Camp will not only cultivate plants under artificial light, but also with direct daylight. Innovative solutions and developments in the field of aquaponics, hydroponics and optics will be developed and tested – barrels, canisters and water tanks are already available. A suitable building has already been occupied, and initial talks have been held with the owner. It is not just about endangered tree species, vegetables or a few herbs, but about professional greenhouse facilities, storage and logistic systems – which are also needed for some important species conservation projects. The Urban Greening Camp is a center for biodiversity and species conservation, not only locally or regionally but internationally! Many species conservationists, conservation organizations, botanists, botanical gardens and environmentalists have already been informed and invited. Berlin and Leipzig has many flat roofs, these should be used much more for rooftop greening and roof gardens.

The Urban Greening Camp and Leipzig Palm Project is a platform for cultural, socio-economic and scientific exchange, online as well as directly on site. Active participants are welcome to join the innovative developments and projects. The garden market and tree nursery will cultivate not only palms, but also other important plants such as herbs, ethnobotanical and medicinal plants. Endangered tree species and important flowering plants for bees are also in the program. Permaculture, urban farming, community and urban gardening are not just trendy terms, they are global movements that can make cities more livable and environmentally friendly. In principle, the allotment garden movement which started with the poor gardens and allotments in the 19th century is the first urban gardening movement. For years we have been supporting the movement and cities on urban greening issues. Kindergartens, schools and universities also have the possibility to establish allotment gardens on their premises, talked with a lot of people about how to establish more horticulture, community and rooftop gardens in inner cities.

Green roofs and rooftop solar applications are together possible, so like community and rooftop gardens.

Since 2016, the founder of Greening Deserts has been developing projects such as the greening and research camps for sustainable reforestation, greening, green and clean technologies (cleantech and greentech). Species protection, climate protection, nature conservation, environmental protection and especially sustainable actions as well as economic activities are important tasks of the future ventures. Ecological education and environmentally conscious actions are also important points on the Global Greening Agenda developed by Oliver Caplikas together with colleagues from the EU and UN over the years. The international Greening Act and the new Green Deal have already been successfully implemented in some countries. It is about an honest and conscientious transformation of environmentally harmful economic sectors, the reduction of global overproduction and the improvement of consumption and environmental awareness of societies and the world population as a whole. That is why many innovative projects have been founded over the years, successful campaigns and initiatives have been carried out worldwide. Many people and organizations got inspired and followed the good example.

The crisis has set back some developments and projects, but brought others forward. Like the new Urban Greening project in Leipzig, which is currently focusing on innovative plant cultivation, storage and cooling systems – especially with regard to green building, sustainable architecture, energy storage and economical water management. All of this will be incorporated into future vertical farming solutions and systems that will be developed at the Urban Greening Camp. Solar, wind and water energy applications will play a crucial role. A research facility on a larger roof could show that green roofs and solar systems are possible at the same place and time, for which the Agrovoltaik project was founded. Another important topic is the education and increased promotion of facade solar systems, hydrogen energy storage, transparent solar technologies and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT). Very interesting in this context is the combination of highly efficient processes for hydrogen production from solar and wind energy. It is so innovative like facade greening and solar facades for cooling and heat storage. Energy efficiency and energy storage plays a special role in the urban cooling and urban greening process. Insulation materials made of hemp and hemp wood are further innovations that are being promoted particularly strongly in Canada and Austria. Germany should not lose touch in many respects.

Another good urban vertical farming example to produce healthy food – depends on light, minerals, substrate and water quality.

The founder has informed many international institutions and universities about the potentials, especially in the field of building technology and energy storage solutions. In the future, buildings could be efficient energy storage devices and decentralized power plants; it is the future of a truly sustainable energy economy and more economical use of natural resources. Facade greening and photovoltaic facades can also protect against high heat and store heat. Urban greening in general can help cool cities and, of course, provides fresh air. More light-colored surfaces, such as lighter asphalt and concrete are also a good option; in New York and other cities, roofs have already been painted white to cool buildings. Greening cities and urban regions is key to urban cooling and thus global cooling.

We invite interested investors, strong partners and sponsors to join the further project development. In late summer, the first round and official meeting of interested parties will take place. Representatives of the city of Leipzig, Halle, Dresden, Berlin, Hamburg and other interested cities are also invited. We are looking forward to a successful start of the new startup and a greener future. Check also Greening Deserts other innovative projects like the Greenhouse and Recycling Ship! Together with other Startups we develop(ed) mobile greenhouse solutions so like greenhouse, solar and water containers which can collect and filter rainwater. We want to establish desalinization plants and applications for coastal greening and reforestation. Years ago we published some great concepts to use nature-based solutions like bamboo for loosen hard soils, to filter sea water and to improve the groundwater levels. @ #ecofarming #ecoforestry #ecorestorsys #greeningcoasts

Some more important points and summer updates:

The Leipzig Palms project and Urban Greening Camp is the world’s first nursery and vertical farming startup for indoor arboriculture and endangered tree species! Herbs and medicinal plants are cultivated in further grow rooms. We will use innovative cleantech, greentech and vertical farming techniques for tree cultivation and plant breeding of important plants.

There is no other vertical farming company worldwide who combines biodiversity, conservation, cleantech, greening, greentech, tree cultivation and urban farming. Welcome to the future of arboriculture!

The Urban Greening Camp, nursery and vertical farming startup for endangered tree species saving much energy, place, time, water and other resources by innovative management and real sustainable solutions.

The indoor farming startup in Leipzig works on the next room for critically endangered tree species, herbs and seed storage. Vertical farming will reach new dimensions with cleantech and greentech developments.

The vertical farming company office and workshop are connected with a large corridor to the other rooms and the main hall. The next room for critical endangered tree species is in progress. There are much more rooms, halls and floors in the building we can use in future – or we move to another similar building.

More classic and modern plant growing systems with good soils and substrates will be tested together with new grow lights and hydroponic systems. Manufacturers and sponsors are welcome to send us their products for testing and presentation.

We will test new light systems, not just LED, LEC, HID and CFL lights with optimal light for each plant or tree species and phases of growth — we call it the right light management. Lasers, robotics, sensors and webcams will improve the vertical farming results in future.

You are also welcome to visit the official business and social networks on Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter, and…

Big thanks to the colleagues from Max Planck Society, New York and Toronto University for showing some support during the years — thanks going also to all the other institutions and organizations who don’t ignored the information letter. To all interested parties, welcome on board! You are always welcome to visit the camp in future. Your friend of nature from Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. Oliver G. Caplikas

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LE Palms and Urban Greening Camp Startup projects for biodiversity, species conservation, climate and environmental protection

The Greening Deserts project LE Palms ala Leipziger Palmen is after months of preparation now in the startup phase 1. The foundation takes place in May and will go on until the end of July. The founder and initiator has worked very hard for a long time to successfully launch the new company, even though it was often not easy to continue working due to the crisis and many problems. After more than a year, it is finally time to launch the startup properly. There will be some actions and campaigns, such as the establishment of the platform including blog and store. Further actions will be announced every month, special developments and events will be published in time with corresponding articles and press releases. Social networks, photos and videos will underline the enterprise in the future, there will be sufficient info materials. Interested parties are invited to public actions and future events.

Active support and constructive feedback is always welcome. For this purpose, the official communication channels such as eMail and other contact possibilities via the networks and platforms can be used. The Urban Greening Camp and palm project will be a platform for cultural, socio-economic and scientific exchange. Active participants are welcome to join the innovative developments and connected projects. The nursery and inner-city market garden will cultivate not only palm trees but also other important plants such as medicinal, medicinal and medicinal plants. Endangered tree species and important flowering plants for bees are also included in the program. The Greening Deserts species conservation center, associated projects and plant breeding facilities, archive and future seed storage are part of the species conservation camp. The whole site with office is the European Center for Biodiversity and Species Conservation, it will connect further international libraries, archives, networks and organizations online and with a special biodiversity conservation computing network. Deep Learning and the future Internet (IoE) will play a central role. The Species Conservation and Biodiversity Center, the CES-RPP and Greening Camp project was launched and initiated by Oliver Gediminas Caplikas in recent years.

A brief introduction to the developments, services, products and important goals

The startup project mainly deals with garden products, palm and palm products such as date syrup, palm coffee, palm juice and palm sugar. Innovative developments and new markets are the passion of the startup. Every month new innovative products are introduced, interesting services are offered and research results are presented. After all, it’s not just about simple palm products, but about complex materials and substances. For example, palm leaves can be used to make insulating materials, paper products and pressed boards or building blocks. Since there are enough palm trees and surplus worldwide, many other useful products can also be established – see charcoal and coconut substrate from coconut shells. In addition, many of the products serve health and wellness. There will be much awesome product developments like palm coffee and palm juice with date palm syrup and palm sugar. The Palms Coffee project will focus on new coffee creations, so like ice palm coffee.

The Leipzig startup has set itself the goal in some areas to be one of the market leaders, by opening up completely new markets, this should not be a problem. Strong investors, international partners and sponsors are invited to participate in the startup, especially in the early phase. From 2022 onwards, this will only be possible to a limited extent, as there are already many international interested parties. We always welcome new people, because there is enough potential for so many areas. For example, for the beginning we can employ a temp and interns, active project and team leaders will be in the future are invited as well as botanists, gardeners, economic or scientific professions, also because there is enough work, interesting tasks and a lot to learn. Species conservation, education, climate protection, sustainability, ecological, socio-economic work or action and environmental protection are at the top of the agenda.

The international startup cultivates and brings hardy palm trees to European cities like Berlin, Paris and London. In May and June, LE Palms sponsored the first palm species to the Palmengarten in Leipzig, such as the Wagner palm Trachycarpus wagnerianus and Sabal dwarf palmetto, with more species to follow. As part of the species conservation program, other important species are also being introduced to Leipzig’s green spaces, especially endangered native species. Important grasses, herbs and wildflowers can be introduced together with other species protection and nature conservation projects of NABU and BUND, if they are interested in an exchange and cooperation. Raised crops and raised beds can also provide extra useful areas in public places and at paths.

The Urban Greening Camp project and LE Palms will design extra species protection raised beds, which will also serve as a refuge for particularly endangered species. Similar to the information boards at the Leipzig Zoo, the raised beds will provide a lot of useful information, also via digital interfaces like the QR code and virtual functions like via augmented reality apps. We look forward to creative minds and participation from Leipzig’s cultural landscape. We have all suffered long enough through the crisis and as the new President of America said, it is time to let people, nations and nature heal. We should work and grow together with nature, because any fight against nature will be lost sooner or later. We need more environmental awareness and sustainable work or life in so many areas, such as more sustainable work, production and especially more sustainable and ecological consumption. Species conservation and climate protection does not come by itself, it affects us all, in large as well as small ways.

Experienced arborists, biodiversity conservationists, botanists, environmentalists, tree experts, dentrologists, gardeners and similar professions are invited to participate in the project and future actions. We would like to organize a botanical event and meeting for species conservationists, botanists, botanical gardens and related organizations from all over the world in Leipzig, this was supposed to be prepared already in 2019 and realized in 2020, but was prevented by the crisis. More information about future actions will be published on Greening Deserts project pages.

Finally, some more good news and a quote from the founder

The Greening Deserts biodiversity conservation program, Greening Camps and Trillion Trees initiative for biodiversity conservation, species protection and climate change mitigation, ecological education and ecosystem restoration, environmental protection, sustainable greening and reforestation can reduce the effects of climate change, deforestation, droughts, desertification, floods, land degradation, mass extinctions, global warming and pollution worldwide.

Agroforestry, more flowering trees, food forests, mixed forests, pole crops, and diverse orchards with diverse fruits that are available to animals and humans alike can be combined with more sustainable agriculture and ecological forestry! AI, aquaponics, CleanTech, hydroponics, GreenTech, permaculture techniques and vertical farming, advanced scientific developments in these fields can help improve the whole society, economy and science.

Climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection is also species protection – so it is also human protection. We need more environmental awareness and sustainability, more sustainable production, sustainable actions, living and working, in all areas or fields! We need to create a world of understanding, acceptance, respect, tolerance, compassion and awareness – otherwise there will be no peace in the world. – Oliver Gediminas Caplikas

Hemp toilet paper can reduce deforestation, climate change and global warming

Hemp paper becoming more and more popular as the eco-friendly alternative to wood-paper, reducing deforestation and saving a lot of trees. Many studies revealed that if the old paper industries switch to hemp paper, it could help the world to reduce global warming and bad climate change effects. The worldwide hemp cultivation can improve the climate, environment, soils and waters significantely.

Approx 93% of paper comes from trees, but this will change in near future, starting with hemp toilet paper production. First industries have understand the advantages and potentials of the fast growing hemp paper market, not just because of profits and sustainability. The time to change is now, you can be a part of it. Help saving trees, support climate and environmental protection. Use recycled toiled paper until hemp toilet paper will replace it. The use of hemp paper will improve sustainable living and responsible consumption, because hemp is not just a strong symbol for sustainabilty, the using of hemp has a long history with a lot of good experiences. Sad that so many humans and nations have forgotten and missed so much opportunities during the last decades. The Chinese were mostly responsible for the advancement in toilet paper since in the 14th century, the use of hemp is known since 20,000 years! It is time to use finally all the experiences of hemp production and innovative hemp products to improve the economy, society and whole life on planet Earth.Environmental impacts of paper production

Countless trees being used for toilet paper production, also in rainforest areas. This has a massive impact on these forests and negative consequences for the biodiversity, ecosystems, indigenous peoples and wildlife. The paper industry is partwise responsible for extinction of species and environmental pollution. For processing trees into toilet paper huge amounts of energy and water is needed. The number of people using toilet paper around the world has increased significantly. Toilet tissue accounts for 15 percent of deforestation, of one tree over a thousand rolls of toilet paper can be produced. The paper production requires a large amount of bleach, formaldehyde and organochlorines. Paper accounts for 25% of landfill waste and 33% of municipal waste. 40% or more of all trees are being cut down to make paper. Alone in the USA, approx 20% of all air toxics come from the production of paper pulp. A ton of conventional paper contaminates over 70,000 liters of water. Approx 50% of the waste of businesses is composed of paper. US offices use over 12 trillion sheets of paper a year. Every minute, Americans throw away approx 32,000 toilet paper tubes. Almost 270,000 trees are either flushed or dumped in landfills every day. Decomposing papers can produce methane gas, one main cause of global warming.

Trees contain only 30% cellulose, hemp has approx 80% cellulose content. Wood can contain 40-50% cellulose, 25-30% hemicellulose, 20-35% lignin, approx 5% resins and oils. It needs much energy and many toxic chemicals to seperate the cellulose from trees. Hemp has lower lignin content as wood. Hemp produces four times more cellulose fibers per hectare compared to trees and takes 4-5 months to grow, while trees take 8-100 years. Hemp plants for hemp paper production don’t need any pesticides to grow, these special plant varities need very little water and have the ability to balance out the nutrients in the soil. Hemp paper is more biodegradable and better to recycle as regular paper.

Industries, media and politics discussing about the paper wastes worldwide. Some presenting questionable arguments, for example that the electronic revolution and digitalisation will reduce the paper usage, but this is wrong. Demand for paper is expected to double before 2030. Others argue with the conflict with actual agriculture and used land areas, but this is not the main problem. Many unused areas can be used for hemp cultivation, so like wastelands. Degraded lands and depleted soils can be improved. Hemp plants are also good for catch crop cultivation (intercropping), they can improve following tree plantations.

Hemp toilet paper can reduce deforestation, climate change and global warming. Hemp paper in general can improve the climate, environment, soils and waters. Let’s save the world’s oxygen-releasing trees and forests who filtering the air, transforming toxins and cleaning parts of the water cycle.

More facts and further information about hemp paper and hemp toilet paper

  • Hemp fiber is one of the strongest natural fibers in the world.
  • Hemp fibers have a higher cellulose percentage, fewer chemicals are used for the paper production.
  • Hemp paper manufacturing does not require chlorine or dioxins like wood paper production, it means less pollution of groundwater and waters.
  • Hemp paper is biodegradable, recyclable and very sustainable.
  • Hemp paper does not yellow, crack, or deteriorate like tree paper.
  • Hemp toilet paper is cheaper to manufacture than regular toilet paper, it has less impact on the environment.
  • The sustainability of hemp fiber makes it more cost-effective in the long run.
  • Hemp paper can be recycled up to 8 times, compared to just 3 times for paper made from wood pulp.
  • Hemp paper as alternative to conventional paper will reduce deforestation, land degradation and pollution worldwide.
  • Hemp cultivation supporting biodiversity, insects, water and soil improvement.
  • Bees or wild bees can use the pollen if the male plants remain in the field, this can be useful with some hemp varieties for paper production.
  • Many wood-paper products like cartons, paper packages, kitchen roll, sales receipts and printing papers could be replaces with hemp paper.

Contains information and statistics from sources:

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/how-many-trees-does-it-take-to-make-1-roll-of-toilet-paper.html

https://www.theworldcounts.com/stories/Paper-Waste-Facts

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp_paper

http://hemppaper.ch, hemppaper.shop, hanfpapier.shop

http://www.hanfpapier.ch, hanfpapier.eu, hanfpapier.org

Hemp is even good for Chemical Cleaning and Soil Aeration. “Cleaning up nuclear disasters such as Chernobyl or the Fukushima Power Plant leaks require unique tactics. Hemp presents one such unique solution in how it can recover the soil in affected areas. The process, known as phytoremediation, uses live plants to clean up existing radiation. Due to hemp’s quick growth cycle and toxin resistance, it is a natural solution to these human-created problems. Some suggest that hemp could also be useful in cleaning up oil spills by absorbing cadmium. Speaking of hemp’s soil benefits.. Hemp features deep roots. These combined with the natural process of growing helps to aerate the soil with carbon dioxide deposits. Due to this feature, a new crop can be planted immediately after hemp harvest. There is no need to leave the ground fallow. Since hemp also grows in a variety of soil types and climates, this could have huge implications for farming on a global scale.” Read more:

https://edgy.app/13-reasons-why-industrial-hemp-will-be-part-of-industry-4-0

Here are some more information about Greening Deserts projects like Greening Camps, Hemp Papers and the Trillion Trees Initiative. These projects can reduce negative climate changes, deforestation, droughts, desertification, land degradation and global warming significantely, especially in human-made deserts, drylands and wastelands. The camps are used for professional plant breeding, to reforest and to regreen large areas. The greening and research camps will be green spots to cultivate plants and trees are needed in each concerned region, for example ground cover, flower trees, wild grasses, wild flowers and medicinal plants. Together with hemp and other soil improving plants top soil layers will be created in just a few years – the basis for the following plantations and forests. It will support to establish a real sustainable agriculture and ecological forestry. Hemp will be a side product of the forestation or greening processes, it can be delivered to hemp product producers like the hemp paper branch and hemp wood industry. All would win at the end – the poor people or regions, the degraded lands or soils, the forestry, paper and wood industry – even big wood paper consumers like the book, newspaper and packaging industry. Hemp and rice straw paper books could reform the book and paper branch in many ways. If you want to know more about, don’t hesitate to contact. Greening Deserts want to found the official company fast as possible and continue the project developments for more Greening Camps in Europe and Africa. TrillionTrees.africa

Constructive feedback and support is always welcome.

Hemp cultivation in open-cast mines for sustainable soil improvement and organic farming with hemp

The hemp plant is not only the most useful plant in the world, hemp is also a potential climate saver and can even significantly reduce global warming, climate crises and land degradation with appropriate applications. Greening Deserts projects such as the Greening Camps and research stations will use bamboo, hemp and other key plants extensively to improve soil quality and water quality. Various greenhouses and research fields can be established together with the camps for education, research and product development, the projects also serve the climate, nature and environmental protection. At each camp can be special biotopes, botanical gardens, greenhouses and parks for endangered species – especially for cultivating or saving plants, insects and other animals of each climate zone or region.

The groundwater, global waters and water circle can be improved by sustainable hemp cultivation, ecological agriculture, organic farming and innovative water management. Only natural fertilizers will be used and pesticides are avoided, there are many good alternatives. Different bamboo and hemp sorts can be used in almost every climate and under all possible conditions or events. Global hemp cultivation can really contribute to climate, soil and water improvement as well as for a better cultivation of crops and a variety of afforestation or reforestation. The founder and project developer of Greening Camp projects has been developing these innovative and sustainable solutions for years. Climate protection, nature conservation, species protection and plant science are a few of the primary tasks.

Since the Greening Deserts Masterplan in 2017 many of the innovative ideas, developments and solutions have been presented and realized – not only in relation to open-cast mines, open-pit mines and surface mining. Through connected projects, most developments and ideas have been established internationally, even if only conceptually or theoretically. Many of the developments or products can be realized with hemp, e.g. hemp books, papers, nets, tarpaulins, ropes, textiles, packaging materials and other hemp products. Hemp fibers have been used for many centuries in fishery and shipping because of their flexibility, tear resistance and resilience. Nowadays, there are well over 50,000 industrial hemp applications, but far too few are really used. That is why many of the most useful applications are analyzed with the greening and research camps and applied accordingly. Hemp paper, hemp wood and hemp plastic are interesting products, so like the ingredients CBD, THC, etc. – not just for science. Industrial hemp can be used for hemp paper and hemp packaging, saving more trees and forests and reducing global deforestation. It could even reduce the plastic waste, especially the plastic bags. In this relation is the hemp cultivation not just interesting for developing countries with soil and water problems like in Africa, it also has enormous potential for European countries and whole Europe who missed many of these developments.

Hemp papers and hemp books are the future.

More information about hemp plants and hemp paper:

For about 12,000 years people have been using the raw material. Hemp paper was invented in China over 2,000 years ago and reached Europe in the 13th century. For 500 years it was the most widely used raw material in paper-making. Hemp books such as the Gutenberg Bible and other well-known works were printed on hemp papers. Hemp paper is much more stable and durable than wood paper. Hemp paper books last much longer and do not turn yellow fast. Hemp fibers are naturally lighter than wood fibers. Hemp is therefore better suited for paper production than wood.

The cannabis or hemp plant produces several times higher yields than trees in terms of cultivated area and growing time. One hectare of hemp field can replace about 120 hectares of trees. Sustainability, the forest conservation or preservation of the forests, as well as the improvement of the soils, are further advantages of hemp production. In principle, almost all varieties can be used for hemp cultivation. Particularly suitable for hemp fiber production is high-growth industrial hemp. Depending on the variety, hemp plants can grow several meters in just three to four months. Hemp leaves an optimal field or soil for subsequent plants. According to farmers and hemp farmers, a wheat or potato field can produce up to 20% more yield in the following year. The hemp plant is therefore a perfect catch crop and is also very well suited as a bio fertilizer. In some regions even two harvests per year are possible. Hemp is the ideal plant for ecological and organic farming or sustainable agriculture. In Germany, hemp is not allowed to grow for everyone. The cultivation of hemp is just allowed with certain permits and only for certain agricultural companies. All other companies in agriculture are not allowed to grow hemp, not even private or forestry organizations. This clearly contradicts the positive qualities and benefits for the environment, nature, medicine and society.


Further ecological and economic advantages of the raw material hemp:

  • Hemp is very undemanding and grows on almost any soil, the root system loosens up the soil.

  • Hemp plants are very resistant to fungal attacks.

  • Hemp cultivation creates a slightly wetter climate, hemp fields support biodiversity, especially with respect to insects. The pollen of the male hemp plant is interesting for bees or wild bees. 

  • Hemp plants suppress weeds and improve the soil climate.

  • Hemp can clean up poisoned soils, sometimes even from some heavy metals.

  • The hemp blossom has many valuable ingredients.

  • The hemp plant can be fully utilized, including the foliage, flowers, seeds and stems. There are thousands of applications and products, e.g. hemp tea, hemp oil, hemp paper, hemp textiles or hemp fabrics.

  • Hemp fibers are very resistant and therefore usable in many areas.

  • Hemp fibers are among the most stable natural fibers in the world.

  • Hemp paper can be recycled more often than wood paper, almost every type of paper and cardboard can be made from hemp.

  • Hemp books, magazines and newspapers are the future!

More information you can find on the Hemp Papers project pages.

Please care the soil not just on the World Soil Day on 5th December, care it everyday like your fresh water. If we care more about our soils we care more about ourselfs, our planet Earth and the humanity. The Latin name for man, humans or homo, derived from humus.

Interesting quotes:

About a third of the world’s soil has already been degraded. Soils are the basis of life, ninety five percent of our food comes from the soil. – Maria-Helena Semedo

A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people. – Franklin D. Roosevelt

A tree’s most important means of staying connected to other trees is a “wood wide web” of soil fungi that connects vegetation in an intimate network that allows the sharing of an enormous amount of information and goods. – Tim Flannery

Collaboration has no hierarchy. The Sun collaborates with soil to bring flowers on the earth. – Amit Ray

Civilization has its roots in the soil. Each soil has had its own history. Like a river, a mountain, a forest, or any natural thing, its present condition is due to the influences of many things and events of the past. – Charles Kellogg

The Earth and soil is the basis of all life, even on the deep undergrounds of the oceans. The deforestation, land degradation and the pollution of air, water and soils by humans is responsible for many climate changes, human-made global warming and even a mass extinction in only 100 years! If humanity will fail to save and protect the most important species, the endangered and keystone species, the human species will also die out – maybe also in just 100 years. – Gediminas Caplikas

History is largely a record of human struggle to wrest the land from nature, because man relies for sustenance on the products of the soil. So direct, is the relationship between soil erosion, the productivity of the land, and the prosperity of people, that the history of mankind, to a considerable degree at least, may be interpreted in terms of the soil and what has happened to it as the result of human use. – Hugh Hammond Bennett

If we pollute the air, water and soil that keep us alive and well, and destroy the biodiversity that allows natural systems to function, no amount of money will save us. – David Suzuki

I saw all the people hustling early in the morning to go into the factories and the stores and the office buildings, to do their job, to get their check. But ultimately it’s not office buildings or jobs that give us our checks. It’s the soil. The soil is what gives us the real income that supports us all. – Ed Begley, Jr.

It helps to think of soil as a living organism covered with skin like a human. We can live with a certain percentage of our skin damaged, but if too high a percentage is damaged, we die. So, too, does soil and thus most life. – Allan Savory

People in cities may forget the soil for as long as a hundred years, but Mother Nature’s memory is long and she will not let them forget indefinitely. – Henry A. Wallace

Soil is not usually lost in slabs or heaps of magnificent tonnage. It is lost a little at a time over millions of acres by the careless acts of millions of people. It cannot be saved by heroic feats of gigantic technology, but only by millions of small acts and restraints, conditioned by small fidelities, skills, and desires. Soil loss is ultimately a cultural problem; it will be corrected only by cultural solutions. – Wendell Berry

Soil organic matter sustains agriculture, which sustains civilization. Soil organic matter generates and regulates every ecosystem service that sustains life on earth. Topsoil loss in excess of topsoil formation has been the defining characteristic of agriculture. The rapid formation of carbon-rich topsoil is the greatest priority and opportunity of our time. If you harvest a crop you are removing nutrients from that ecosystem – for sustainable production they need to be replaced.

Standing on soil feels so much different than standing on city pavement; it lets you look inward and reflect and see who you really are, while you see a beautiful, unspoiled land as far as the eye can see. It allows your inner life to grow. – Ricardo Montalban

The only truly dependable production technologies are those that are sustainable over the long term. By that very definition, they must avoid erosion, pollution, environmental degradation, and resource waste. Any rational food-production system will emphasize the well-being of the soil-air-water biosphere, the creatures which inhabit it, and the human beings who depend upon it. – Eliot Coleman

The fate of the soil system depends on society’s willingness to intervene in the market place, and to forego some of the short-term benefits that accrue from ‘mining’ the soil so that soil quality and fertility can be maintained over the longer term. – Eugene Odum

The soil is the great connector of lives, the source and destination of all. It is the healer and restorer and resurrector, by which disease passes into health, age into youth, death into life. Without proper care for it we can have no community, because without proper care for it we can have no life. – Wendell Berry

Understanding is the soil in which grow all the fruits of friendship. – Woodrow Wilson

We must come to understand our past, our history, in terms of the soil and water and forests and grasses that have made it what it is. – William Vogt

Greening Deserts Sustainable Projects Summary:

Greening Deserts projects are cultural, economic, educational, scientific, social and sustainable projects in the field of horticulture, hydroponics, sustainable agriculture and ecological forestry – but also in the fields of clean technology, green technologies and renewable energy such as solar, water and wind energy. Electricity access, availability and reliability together with energy efficiency will be optimized at the greening and research camps. The focus is on education, sustainable developments and scientific research. Conservation, environmental protection and species protection plays a very important role, too. Main goals of the projects are to reduce deforestation, desertification, pollution and global warming on a large scale. Goals are also to improve the energy and food security, to offer innovative management, ecosystem and greening services. The projects will reform the agriculture and forestry with Ecofarming, Ecoforestry and Permaculture methods, technics and techniques. The projects can include each region and nation in the process, especially in relation to Cleantech, Greentech, environmental protection, a real Sustainable Infrastructure and Sustainable Investments – Green Finance and Sustainable Finance. The worldwide cleaning and greening process can accelerate the global peace building process significantly.

More articles and news will come! Feel free to comment and to add interesting quotes to the topics.

Cleantech Greentech Research and Greening Camps can reduce Global Warming and Mass Extinction

Greening Deserts sustainable projects like the Greening Camps want to establish innovative developments like Agrophotovoltaik and Energy Storage Parks, Greening Drones and Seeding Balloons, Transparent Solar and Vertical Greenhouses. With the first Greening Camp and adequate fundings all the sustainable developments could finally be accelerated and developed worldwide. The projects were founded and initiated by the Greening Deserts founder. He informed institutions, organizations and even invited governments to join these projects and initiatives, as well as to the Greenhouse Ship, Plastic Fishing and Trillion Trees Initiative. If for example each nation plants approx 2 billion trees, we the humanity could reach the goal to plant one trillion trees very fast and we could really cool down the planet on a large scale. It would also protect and save countless species which are endangered by extinction. There are many campaigns and initiatives in this relation and we all are connected to reach the global goals faster.

The Greening Camp keyplants like bamboo, beans, hemp and sunflowers will improve the soils, underground water and waters. Drylands and wastelands can be turned into fertile lands easily. Hemp improves the soils in just a few years, after this other soil improving plants, environmental friendly crops and trees can be planted. Hemp will be just a side product of the forestation or greening processes, it can be delivered to hemp product producers like the hemp paper branch and hemp wood industry. The Greening Camps will produce millions of tons of hemp. All would win at the end, the poor people or regions, the degraded lands or soils, the forestry, paper and wood industry – even big wood paper consumers like the book, newspaper and packaging industry. Hemp papers and hemp carton packages will save a lot of trees and will reduce deforestation significantly. Forestation.net

Since the last two years the founder informed hundreds of publishers, media companies and paper producers about these facts. Greening Deserts Camp projects and products like Hemp Papers have really big potential to reduce deforestation, land degradation, pollution and wasting resources worldwide. Each camp will have a recycling center and workshop, especially for creative plastic waste recycling and upcycling. Biowaste Management, Greenhouse Management and Water Management will improve soils, air and water quality in all camp areas. Millions of new jobs and whole new markets will be created!

Other main goals in this relation are to bring back biodiversity, typical and rare plants of all concerned region. Seed banks or stores and special greenhouses, botanical gardens or similar habitats for the most endangered species will be established at each camp. Climate protection, conservation, environmental protection and species protection are also main tasks of the camps. Of course, we can not do everything. We will exchange and share a lot with other similar institutions, organizations and projects – like with national parks, game reserves or wildlife preserves.

The Greening Camps will establish green spots, healthy environments and platforms for all regions really need better soils, clean air and fresh water. The camps will be platforms for cleantech, climate protection, conservation, culture, education, environmental protection, greentech and science. All camps will have a library, lounge and media room. Bigger camps will get an Energy Storage Park and even could be expanded to a kind of campus or science park. We exchanged with a lot of institutions about it and many liked the projects. With active, constructive and financial support by the official institutions the camps can be build very fast. We have not much time to reduce desertification, global warming, human-made climate change effects and extreme weather before the biosphere will collapse – responsible bodies and institutions need to act immediately. Many camps could be build in 2020, the case the projects will finally be supported by the African Union, EU and UN. Even refugee camps could have a greening camp area. The founder combined and researched since years much more innovative developments, technics, techniques and products. You can check them on the official project pages.

The planet earth can be cooled with more diverse forests, green and natural landscapes worldwide – especially urban regions which heat up very much each year. Bamboo, hemp wood, rice straw and other sustainable innovative building materials and fuels could significantly reduce deforestation and man-made climate change. The future of truly sustainable cities, the energy transition and transport sector are: AI and Cleantech, Energy Efficiency and Green Building, Greentech and Sustainable Architecture, Sustainable Living and greening of cities, Sustainable Production and Sustainable Consumption, Sustainable Transport and Sustainable Working, Sustainable Agriculture, Ecological Forestry and Organic Farming in relation to Community Gardens, Hydroponics, Permaculture, Urban Agriculture, Vertical Farming can significantly support change or reversals. Not forget to mention Sustainable Aviation, Sustainable Shipping and Sustainable Tourism. All of these areas or topics will also play an important role at Urban Greening Camps. First camps in this relation are planned for European cities or urban areas and for open pit terrains or surface mining landscapes.

Short Summary:

Greening Deserts projects are cultural, educational, economic, social, scientific and sustainable projects in the field of horticulture, hydroculture, sustainable agriculture and ecological forestry – but also in the fields of clean technology (CleanTech), green technologies (GreenTech) and renewable energy such as solar, water and wind energy. Electricity access, availability and reliability together with energy efficiency will be optimized at the greening and research camps. The focus is on education, sustainable developments and scientific research. Conservation and environmental protection plays a very important role, too. Main goals of the projects are to reduce deforestation, desertification, pollution and global warming on a large scale. Goals are also to improve the energy and food security, to offer innovative management, ecosystem and greening services. The projects will reform the agriculture and forestry with ecofarming, ecoforestry and permaculture methods, technics and techniques. The projects can include each region and nation in the process, especially in relation to cleantech, greentech, environmental protection, a real sustainable infrastructure and sustainable investments – Green Finance and Sustainable Finance. To manage and to share better necessary finances a special Greening Fund will be established together with international financial institutions. Greening Camps for biodiversity conservation, ecosystem restoration, environmental greening, reforestation and species protection will improve environments, health and nature-near habitats.

It is a real chance for the world, especially for Africa and Europe to reach faster the Climate Goals and more Sustainable Development Goals together with Greening Deserts international and innovative developments. The future vision is to establish a Greening Campus on all continents and several camps for all regions who need ecological, environmental and sustainable development services. Each constructive feedback and real active support is always welcome!

You can read more about all the developments on the official project pages like Agrophotovoltaik, Energy Storage Park, Greening Coasts, Greening Camp, Greening Drone, Greenhouse Ship, Green Ring Africa, Great Green Wall North Africa, Hemp Books, Hemp Papers, Seeding Balloon, Transparent Solar,.. and on the newest projects like Plastic Fishery and Recycling Ship. Each project will get an own page or section in future.

Climate protection, nature conservation and environmental protection is also species protection. We need more environmental awareness and sustainability, sustainable living and sustainable working, in all fields or areas. We need to create a world of understanding, acceptance, respect, tolerance, compassion and consciousness.

Keynote and Update X:

The maybe most important issue, topic or point is the problem with the daily extinction of the real endangered species and wrong focus or awareness in relation to endangered species in general and most endangered species who really need to be saved – and to reduce or prevent the ongoing mass extinction really effective. It are mainly the most endangered species and keystone species which must be cared more than well known and relative protected species like elephants, hippos, lions, pandas, whales, etc.. Many of the countless programs and resources for mentioned species should be used for the most endangered species and threatened keystone species. It makes no sense to protect more and more the well know species and every day dying or even extinct so many other important species. AI, Deep Learning, Supercomputers and intelligent computing systems should be used primarely to find all the most endangered and keystone species who are recorded. Search algorithms and organizations like ACM, MA, Google, Research Gate and Wolfram Alpha should support this actively. International institutions and nations should unite in this relation. It is maybe the most important issue of the world! Afforestation.org

We have not much time to establish hundreds of camps, greenhouses and new special areas for this special species protection tasks – on land and at sea – for the most endangered species of this world. The reality is, if the most important species or keystone species like bees extinct or reach a certain low population level (MVP), humanity and much other species depending on them will die out, too. If these most important food or dependency chains and bridges collapse, even if it are relative small or partially unknown keystone species, it can cause cascade effects similar like in the case of the permafrost problem. No panic, but every day and action in this relation counts. The only way is to unite, to focus on this problem and find fastest solutions. My tip work out keystone species and priority lists for all the expert workgroups and worldwide institutions like universities and schools – not just in relation to climate protection, environmental or species protection. The media and public should also report mainly about this.

Don’t ignore it. Forward and share if you can, it affects us all.

Author: Oliver Gediminas Caplikas, Leipzig, November 2019

Energy Storage Parks for Research and Greening Camps

A new sustainable project for Greening Deserts was founded, the world’s first Energy Storage Park, Solar Park and Wind Park. The project can combine renewables, innovative energy storage solutions, clean and green technologies in one area. The three parks will be a part of the first Greening Camp which is planned for the region of Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. During the years the founder and initiator Oliver Caplikas worked also on preparations for greening camps in North Africa and MENA region. Each bigger camp can have a energy storage park, solar park and wind park. The nations and regions who support the fastest and the most (constructive and financial) will be the first to get such facilities.

Greening Deserts projects are cultural, educational, economic, social, scientific and sustainable projects in the field of horticulture, hydroculture, sustainable forestry and agriculture – but also in the fields of clean technology (CleanTech), GreenTech and renewable energy such as solar, water and wind energy. Electricity access, availability and reliability together with energy efficiency will be optimized at the greening and research camps. The focus is on education and research. Conservation and environmental protection plays a very important role. Main goals of the projects are to reduce desertification, pollution and global warming in a large scale. Goals are also to improve the energy and food security, to offer innovative management, ecosystem and greening services. We want to reform the agriculture and forestry with ecofarming and ecoforestry. The projects can include each region and nation in the process, especially in relation to cleantech, environmental, infrastructure and sustainable investments – Green Finance and Sustainable Finance.

It’s a real chance for the world, especially for Africa and Europe to reach the Climate Goals and Sustainable Development Goals together with Greening Deserts international and innovative developments. The future vision is to establish a Greening Campus for each nation and several camps for all regions who need ecological and sustainable development services. In this relation these Sustainable Development Goals are very important for us:

SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

SDG 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

SDG 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.

SDG 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

Of course the other SGD are also for us all important and will be included so far as possible. Visit the official websites and social pages for regular updates.

Each constructive feedback and support is always welcome!

Care and Share True Values, much Love, Peace, Harmony and Unity, especially on Human Rights Day on 10th December.

Sustainable Investment in CleanTech GreenTech Education and Green Finance

Invest in true values like education, health, humanity, nature and sustainability.

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming, to improve healthy environments, agriculture and forestry. Also for urban areas, city forests and gardens – especially community and rooftop gardens. They are good to cool down urban areas and filter the air. @Urban GreeningRooftop Greening, Community Gardening and City Farming (City Nursery)!

We can start primarly in the countries where we get the best, fastest and most support, also financially. The goal is to establish Research and Greening Camps for drylands and wastelands, especially in African and Arabic nations. We want to connect them during the years and bring the nations together, also by connected megaprojects like the third Great Green Wall Project, the Green Ring Africa Platform (coastal greening), the Greenhouse Ship and Greening Coasts project. At the Frankfurt Book Fair and during the years we exchanged and talked a lot with many awesome people around the world. Exchanged and invited many ambassadors, ministers, trade commissioners, scientists and experts to join our campaigns, initiatives and projects – especially the 100 Billion Trees project and the Trillion Trees Campaign! If each nation would plant a billion trees minimum during the next years we maybe can cool down the planet and really reach some of the climate goals.

Healthy and natural environments are the best for health! That’s why Greening Deserts projects want to create and restore healthy environments worldwide. By the way, trees and many plants produce not just fresh air and water, they provide food and are the best medicine or health therapy. Clean air, water and a healthy environment are Human Rights!

To support the greening and forestation process, we want to develop seeding and greening drones, for larger areas we can use solar planes. It’s one of the first projects we will start at the first Greening Camp next year. The drones are mainly for greening drylands and wastelands fast and efficient, they are also good to improve the diversity of existing areas and forests. To reduce paper and wood waste we not just recommend recycled papers and produce on demand technologies, we started two projects to save the forests, too. Hemp Papers and Hemp Houses was founded during the last year. We will produce a lot of hemp during the greening process and can deliver a lot of raw materials for innovative paper, carton packaging and building products (like hemp bricks, press plates and OSB-boards). Because hemp is one of our key plants for the greening projects, so we can offer this resource for hemp product producers, the book, paper, packaging and building industry. Investors and strong future partners are welcome to join us in the early stage with green finance and seed capital.

You can download the article: Greening Deserts Sustainable Investment in CleanTech GreenTech Education and GreenFinance

Air Pollution by Coal Combustion Coal-fired Generation and Mercury Emissions Killing Millions of Humans

America and China has maybe the biggest problems with coal and air pollution, but Europe or Germany and Poland are not much better. Not only the human-made climate changes, global warming and radioactive carbon emissions are problematic. Coal almost always contains traces of the radioactive elements uranium, thorium and radium. The environmental consequences of coal combustion, coal-fired generation, gasification, toxication and toxic emissions are enormous. Air, soils and waters are and were polluted by the coal industry, especially by heavy metals and hazardous substances including arsenic, lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium, selenium, aluminum, antimony, barium, beryllium, boron, chlorine, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, thallium, vanadium, zinc,.. Worldwide around a million people are currently being killed slowly, passively and creepingly by coal pollution in just one year – these are the official numbers, in reality it are much more deaths and sick humans!

In Germany thousands are dying of the poisoning and coal fine dust. In Europe, hundreds of thousands of people die by air pollution. The people who get sick and suffer from it every day are not even described here. The destruction of entire species (life forms like humans included), of nature and the environment through all these environmental poisoning and destruction would go beyond the scope here, same for climate research and global warming in this relation – but you can read more on our pages and connected projects. Internationally recognized climate, nature, environmental and legal institutions, especially for Environmental Rights and Human Rights agree, it’s mass murder (ecocide and genocide), not just of so many different life forms. The global air pollution, also caused by the coal industry or coal branch is genocide or mass murdering, and a big crime on the whole humanity. This must not only be payed with fines and taxes it must be judged by international laws and by all possible laws fast as possible, before much more humans will die. The actual mass murdering can be compared with the Holocaust.

Coal plant emissions (by coal burning, coal mining and gasification), coal dust, coal ash and radiation of coal mines and coal-fired plants killing actually around one million people in just one year! Total air pollution kills more than 9 million people worldwide. Clean air, water and soil, as well as a healthy environment are Fundamental Rights (not just ethical and moral), Climate Rights, Environmental Rights and Human Rights – these are non-negotiable and immediately to follow. Anyone who ignores or tacitly ignores this, is partwise guilty or responsible!

Brown coal sources (brown money), Nazism, Nazis and brown coal (in German BraunKohle) or lignite are more connected than many know. Important questions arise. Which investors are investing in the German coal industry? Who still invests in the German coal industry and is involved – not only in terms of money? What interests have the politics, business or economy and who benefits from the dirty coal business, the deaths or sick humans? What are the relations of connected industries or branches, especially in the financial and health sector?

Read more here:

http://www.brandfilme.org
https://www.greenpeace-magazin.de/verlust-der-heimat
https://www.neues-deutschland.de/artikel/1082331.braunkohle-abbau-im-rheinland-totaler-zugriff-auf-die-ganze-region.html

http://www.kein-tagebau.de/index.php/en/8-allgemein/95-further-lignite-mining-threatens-south-east-germany

https://phys.org/news/2018-05-eu-germany-court-air-pollution.html

https://phys.org/news/2015-09-radioactive-contaminants-coal-ash.html
https://www.commondreams.org/views/2017/04/20/climate-change-genocide
https://www.dw.com/en/eu-takes-germany-to-court-over-air-pollution/a-42351552
https://eos.org/articles/advanced-satellite-tracks-air-pollution-in-extraordinary-detail
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/16/world-going-slow-coal-misinformation-distorting-facts
https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/germany-ranked-5th-in-global-human-rights-violations-business-index
https://beyond-coal.eu/2018/05/28/health-impacts-eu-coal-power-plants

More links and further information you can find on our other articles, pages and in the connected networks. You can translate all the German articles to understand better the situation and backgrounds. http://www.greeningdeserts.com/de/luftverschmutzung-durch-kohleverbrennung-radioaktive-kohle-emissionen-und-quecksilber-toetet-millionen-menschen

Maybe compare America’s and Germany’s Air Pollution in relation to the country size?

“Coal plants are responsible for 42 percent of US mercury emissions, a toxic heavy metal that can damage the nervous, digestive, and immune systems, and is a serious threat to the child development.” https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-and-other-fossil-fuels/coal-air-pollution#.W5D9csIuC70

“Coal-fired power plants release nearly 400,000 tons of hazardous air pollutants every year, including more than 40 percent of all man-made mercury emissions in the U.S. They also contribute more than 25% of all carbon dioxide emissions in the United States.” https://earthjustice.org/climate-and-energy/stopping-coal/coal-plants

We all need to support a quick and efficient coal exit, especially in Germany, Poland and Czech Republic where the most polluting lignite mines and dirtiest coal plants in Europe are still operating. Air pollution and radiation does not stop at the national borders, it affects us all, especially the neighboring countries.

Coal Fly Ash Aerosol: Risk Factor for Lung Cancer

https://massivesci.com/articles/coal-ash-water-health-hazard

https://www.psr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/coals-assault-on-human-health.pdf

https://thoughtscapism.com/2017/11/04/nuclear-waste-ideas-vs-reality – Radioactive Coal !

Toxic Impact: The Regulation of Coal Ash and the Influence of Big Money on Small Communities

https://theconversation.com/even-when-its-sitting-in-storage-coal-threatens-human-health-80865 !

https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-and-other-fossil-fuels/coal-water-pollution#.W5Qd5idR270

https://www.quora.com/Is-it-true-that-coal-plants-produce-more-radiation-than-nuclear-power-plants

https://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/supported/translational/peph/webinars/coal_ash/coal_ash_and_childrens_neurobehavioral_health_an_ongoing_study_508.pdf

https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/health-news/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-affect-the-brain-study.html

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/31/300-million-children-live-in-areas-with-extreme-air-pollution-data-reveals

https://bankwatch.org/blog/coal-power-plants-make-you-sick

https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Portal:Coal_Issues

https://coalexit.org/database-full

https://www.wpsr.org/coal

..

Update:

The global gasification and poisoning by brown coal world champion Germany is still ongoing and millions will die if the coal exit isn’t realized as fast or soon as possible! The air pollution by radioactive coal, coal combustion (emissions), radioactive coal ash or coal dust and the excavation material releasing more radioactive particles into the environment than nuclear weapons or nuclear power plants together! The ORNL estimates that by 2040, coal-fired power plants will release more than 800,000 tonnes of uranium and 2 million tonnes of thorium worldwide if the world coal nations not finally end the coal use. The uranium content of lignite is 0.2 grams per ton, that of the overburden 0.2 to 3 grams (mean 0.8 g) per tonne. This means that with the annual production of approximately 100 million tons of lignite and 460 million tons of overburden, 388 tons of uranium are also moved or released in the environment (air, soils, waters). And coal groups or coal companies like LEAG and RWE are proud to have mined each over one billion tons of brown coal (lignite). The release of all the toxins and especially radioactive particulate matter into the environment will have a huge negative impact on nature, the environment and humanity in decades to come, many consequences are still unclear today. We all (humanity) need to stop this radioactive contamination of planet earth, especially the massive pollution of the lakes, rivers and oceans. The humanity and public has the right to know the whole truth about the brown coal and radioactivity. It affects us all, especially the children, the sick and all the victims who died or still suffering.

German nuclear program? http://westcastor.blogsport.de/2018/08/16/urananreicherungsanlage-gronau-rwe

Impact of the Coal Industry on Environment: http://www.ijarcsms.com/docs/paper/volume3/issue1/V3I1-0025.pdf

https://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/1018/do-coal-plants-release-more-radiation-than-nuclear-power-plants

https://www.dukechronicle.com/article/2017/11/duke-researchers-discover-ways-radioactive-coal-ash-poses-threat-to-human-health

https://www.researchgate.net/post/Why_is_coal_ash_more_radioactive_than_nuclear_waste_and_what_is_the_exact_reason

Effects or impacts of radioactive coal on human health: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/31239/1/Liu_G_MPHEssay_June2017.doc

https://noharm-uscanada.org/sites/default/files/documents-files/828/Health_Effects_Coal_Use_Energy_Generation.pdf

The Impact of Coal-Powered Electrical Plants and Coal Ash Impoundments on the Health of Residential Communities

https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/industry/industrial-pollution-in-europe/heavy-metal-pollution !

Impacts of pollution on our health and the planet: The case of coal power plants

https://www.healthandenvironment.org/uploads-old/Coal%20Ash%20and%20Your%20Health.pdf

Distribution and mode of occurrence of uranium in bottom ash derived from high-germanium coals

Human health and environmental impacts of coal combustion and post-combustion wastes

http://www.coalwatch.ca/sites/default/files/Coal-and-Health_CoalWatch_April2012.pdf

https://www.iisd.org/sites/default/files/publications/health-cost-coal-indonesia.pdf

Impacts of pollution on our health and the planet: The case of coal power plants

http://www.environment911.org/12_Environmental_Effects_of_Coal_Mining

https://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/Ash_In_Lungs_1.pdf

https://www.psr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/coal-ash.pdf

How Breathing Coal Ash is Hazardous to your Health

Update 2:

Please support the environmentalists and Human Rights activists at Hambach Forest in NRW, Germany. The Constitutional State, Democracy, Climate Rights, Environmental Rights, Fundamental Rights and Human Rights are in danger – many rights and laws are violated by the brown coal or lignite companies like RWE and other responsibles in different branches like politics.

Coal fired plants and brown coal mines release unhealthy toxic air, coal ash and coal dust particles. What is wrong against fresh air forests generating, they even filter most of the toxics and can store toxic carbon. Officials and politicans should protect the environmentalists, nature and Human Rights activists not force them out of woods or forests. The officials and responsibles should force the corporations of destruction and homicides (destruction of landscapes, life and forests for dirty coal business, money or profits) out of the landscapes and build diverse natural landscapes or healthy environments like parks and mixed forests! No one wants dirty brown coal, toxic or radioactive lignite in future. These really anti-democratic and criminal actions by the officials and contacts or ‘partners’ of the coal industry’ contradict and harm any true democracy, it is not without reason that petitions and referendums have now been concluded with over a million votes and signatures! Much more will follow, millions (not only in Germany) are against the clearing, deforestation and other destruction or pollution by the RWE group. If the brown coal company RWE can’t produce clean energy without harming, killing or violating life (humans included) and keeps on polluting the worldwide environment, airs, soils and waters, the RWE companies or group must be stopped immediately.

Too much humans already were killed by the pollution by coal or lignite companies and so many still suffering by diseases like asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, various cancers (skin, lung, bladder, liver and stomach cancer), headaches, heart diseases (strokes etc.), pneunomia, respiratory illness,.. and there are much more unhealthy conditions and factors (noice, stress, etc.) especially in the mining areas and around the brown coal power plants. Circulatory, respiratory, central nervous system, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal and urogenital issues, as well as birth defects are elevated in coal-mining regions. The pollution and toxins by the coal industry damaging and damaged the nervous, digestive and immune systems of many millions of humans and it is a serious threat to the children and young generation. The German Air Pollution and environmental destruction caused by Germany don’t stops at the national borders, also the neighbours like Belgium, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria and Switzerland are affected. Also other nations in the world are affected by the German pollution, especially by the enivronmental pollution, air pollution and water pollution. Germany should show more responsiblity and solidarity for the hundreds millions of victims, all the deaths and sick humans suffering by the pollution which is and was partwise caused by Germany. Over 300 million children suffering by the air pollution worldwide – and this was 2016! https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/31/300-million-children-live-in-areas-with-extreme-air-pollution-data-reveals

All companies who can’t prevent any deaths, diseases or people dying by their actions, dangerous presence, toxic side products, toxic materials, toxins, pollutants or unhealthy waste products should be closed and stopped completely and immediately – or humanity, state and society let continue these mass murderers? In memories to all the deaths and victims died by the pollution and toxication caused by the coal industry in Germany. We are very disappointed and sad about all this injustice and ignorance, especially by responsibles in the politics or German government.

Human health and environmental impacts of coal combustion and post-combustion wastes !

https://www.business-humanrights.org/en/germany-environmentalists-arrested-in-dispute-over-rwes-plans-to-clear-forest-to-mine-brown-coal#c176913

https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/germany-ranked-5th-in-global-human-rights-violations-business-index

https://www.bund-nrw.de/themen/mensch-umwelt/braunkohle/aktiv-werden/hambacher-wald-retten-statt-roden-eilpetition

https://metamag.org/2018/08/17/german-government-breaks-law-to-let-coal-keep-polluting

https://www.regenwald.org/petitionen/1123/rwe-raus-aus-dem-hambacher-forst

https://aktion.campact.de/kohleaus/hambach-appell/teilnehmen

https://www.greenpeace.de/retten-statt-roden

https://www.electricitymap.org

https://www.wwf.de/kohlefrei

https://www.pollution.org

https://lobbypedia.de/wiki/RWE
https://www.euractiv.de/?s=kohle
https://crm.klima-allianz.de/civicrm
http://verheizte-heimat.de/downloads
https://www.heise.de/suche/?q=Hambacher+Forst
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kategorie:RWE-Kraftwerk
https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/4-503-0486
https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/air-quality-in-europe-2017

https://www.energiezukunft.eu/politik/rwe-untergraebt-geltendes-recht
https://beyond-coal.eu/2018/05/28/health-impacts-eu-coal-power-plants
https://sandbag.org.uk/project/eu-emissions-rise-for-first-time-in-7-years
https://www.dw.com/en/is-the-destruction-of-hambach-forest-legal/a-45630199
https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/air-pollution-know-your-enemy

https://metamag.org/2018/08/17/german-government-breaks-law-to-let-coal-keep-polluting
https://www.dw.com/de/braunkohle-vom-hambacher-forst-wird-nicht-mehr-gebraucht/a-45671147
http://www.sonnenseite.com/de/umwelt/mehrheit-der-deutschen-bevoelkerung-fuer-den-erhalt-des-hambacher-waldes.html
https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/air-pollution-europe-uk-eu-commission-court-health-who-toxic-environment-a8533061.html
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/31/300-million-children-live-in-areas-with-extreme-air-pollution-data-reveals

The “political group” or partwise state-owned company RWE keeps on violating Climate Laws, Fundamental Rights, Environmental Rights and Human Rights directly and indirectly. Democracy, civil rights and liberties are in danger, so like the rule of law. Many other important national, European and international laws are violated, especially in relation to business, corruption, health and organised crime. Government, state authority (law enforcement officers and special commandos) are being abused to forcefully enforce RWE’s interests, regardless of casualties, accidents or even deaths. According to scientific and medical researches RWE is responsible for thousands of deaths during the years and thousands of diseases or sick peoples!

.

The German society and especially the responsibles must stop this land degradation, deforestation, environmental destruction and pollution by RWE now or in the next days, not next month or next year. Clean air, waters, soils and a healthy environment are Fundamental Rights, Environmental Rights and Human Rights. All these laws are non-negotiable and immediately to follow!

Support the environmentalists, Human Rights activists and victims of the destruction and pollution by brown coal companies. To keep the Hambach forest is not just important for conservation (especially of all the endangered species) and environmental protection, the forest, various trees and soils are important CO2 storage and filter mediums, also for the toxic air released by the coal power plants. The Hambach Forest contains endangered life forms and species who are in danger by extinction. The plans of RWE are criminal and illegal in many cases and relations, especially to national, European and international laws like Climate Laws, Environmental Laws and Human Rights Laws. There are countless evidences, documentaries and reports about the violations of all these laws by RWE – you can see a lot in the media. More detailed information, facts, scientific papers, reports and sources you can see on all the linked pages, platforms, institutions, organisations and networks.

Climate Camp in Leipzig Region for Fast Coal Exit and to Save Towns like Pödelwitz

Greening Deserts visited the climate camp Klimacamp Leipziger Land in Pödelwitz and exchanged with many awesome people about climate changes, coal, environment, environmental protection, conservation, nature, system changes and a lot of alternatives and solutions for a fast and efficient coal exit. It’s not just possible but urgent to save the environment, animals, humans, plants and all life forms from extinction, especially in the concerned regions.
Coal mining, burning or coal-fired generation causing a massive toxification of air, soils and water. The air pollution going around the world and like global warming it affects all humans and nations around the world. Mostly the poor people or communities suffer the most, because the coal industries destroying also their environments, even if they are on the other side of the world. This is not just unfair, it’s against any ethical and moral principles. It’s also a crime against humanity and violating many Fundamental Rights and Human Rights! Where is the justice and true rule of law.

Another massive problem with the coal is the radiation. The Swiss environmental network and BUND Germany published important articles and scientific reports about this issue: “Coal mining produces radioactive excavated material, mine water and radioactive particulate matter that is released into the environment. Coal transport with uncovered railway wagons also contributes to further distribution. If the coal is burned, the radioactive substances with the ashes get into the environment. Although filters in large-scale plants reduce the amount of radioactive ash by 99.5 percent, certain radioactive isotopes – for example, radon, lead and polonium – are still released into the environment. They become gaseous during combustion and can therefore hardly be removed from the exhaust air. The filter dusts must be safely stored as highly hazardous waste; for example, in a repository. This is because when burning the radioactive substances accumulate in the ashes: If the burned coal contains an ash content of five percent, so at the end of the combustion, the concentration of radioactive substances massively increased..” Thorium and uranium are another nuclear waste products caused by coal mining and concentrated by coal burning, the radioactive contamination is immense.

There are not just bad news. We have seen many good developments and news in so many fields. Two important things we exchanged about was that all the good alternatives and innovative solutions should be brought together (assembled or compiled) in one overview, so that everyone can understand and work better. The other thing is that Greening Deserts overworked the concept for the greening and research camps, it would be possible to establish a permanent climate camp in each bigger mining landscape. It would be a great platform for climate researchers and also for other scientists. The coal branch could see or understand that the potentials of a fast and effective coal exit are enourmous. More and better payed jobs could be created and the profits would be multiple times higher. It’s really complete nonsense to keep on with coal mining, not just because of the reasons stated here. Keep the coal in the ground and make peace with yourself and the humanity.

To a free discussion round we exchanged with some kids about good ideas for the panel. We had the idea to establish conservation, climate and environmental protection as fixed school subject in schools, at least once a week.

Another thing is to restore and recultivate old natural German landscapes which were very important for the water cycle and balancing the climate, environment and natural processes. We want to restore for example old wetlands like were destroyed by coal mining companies or other responsibles in the region of Leipzig. The region Leipzig was moorland landscape, alluvial or floodplain forest and now it’s much dryland or artifical lakeland. We need to create much more natural habitats and reservates there, more ancient plants and trees like bald zypresses and pin oaks. You must know wetlands are and were important for carbon capture or storage, a process known as carbon sequestration, holding up to 50 times as much carbon by area as rainforests! https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/feb/03/scientists-hope-wetland-carbon-storage-experiment-is-everyones-cup-of-tea

Further information:

https://endcoal.org/health

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining

https://futurism.com/air-pollution-kills-thousands-year

https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-impacts#.W2gITN9R272

https://beyond-coal.eu/2018/05/28/health-impacts-eu-coal-power-plants

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-coal-exit-commission

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-three-lignite-mining-regions

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/air-pollution-leading-to-a-silent-genocide

https://www.politico.eu/article/air-pollution-linked-to-nearly-400000-premature-deaths

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/07/03/forget-paris-1600-new-coal-power-plants-built-around-the-world

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/16/world-going-slow-coal-misinformation-distorting-facts

https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/leaked-germanys-planned-coal-commission-shows-little-interest-for-the-climate

https://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/npr/2018/08/06/635911260/germany-bulldozes-old-villages-for-coal-despite-lower-emissions-goals

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-other-reason-to-shift-away-from-coal-air-pollution-that-kills-thousands-every-year

https://www.pri.org/stories/2018-04-21/coal-plant-emissions-damage-infant-dna-new-study-shows

https://www.psr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/coals-assault-on-human-health.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2017-10-world-pollution-deadlier-wars-disasters.html

https://www.resilience.org/stories/2017-04-21/climate-change-genocide

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13642987.2014.914701

https://www.truthdig.com/articles/climate-change-as-genocide

..there are much more serious and scientific evidences that the air pollution caused by coal burning and coal mining kills humans, not just nearby coal-fired power plants or in coal power nations like China, USA, Russia, Poland, Germany,.. also all other nations are affected. The killing of people caused by coal combustion, gasification and mining is not better than any other genocide – also if it is passive and during a long time.

Update:

After the climate camp in the lignite mining region in Saxony nearby Leipzig the Klimacamp in the Rhineland started today and will run until 22th of August. The Climate Games Basel in Switzerland are still running. The climate camps are serious events with very diverse programms. It’s not just about climate change and global warming, but also about cultural, economic, ecologic, educational, social, scientific and much more imporant issues! Take a look on the websites for more details.

Don’t ignore or misunderstand these events and movements. They inform and share important climate and environmental themes, especially in relation to conservation, environmental protection, human-made climate changes and pollution. The main goal is to stop or block the coal mining, coal burning and coal-fired generation which is responsible for so much many deaths and the massive destruction of our environment and nature. Support all the great movements and organisations working for a fast and effective coal exit! Clean air and a healthy environment are Human Rights, too.

People wake up, finally – especially the responsibles! We need to establish environmental awarness and sustainability in so many fields or areas. It’s never to late to do so. There is a good Chinese proverb: “The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now.”

Reduce and stop the worldwide ecocide and genocide by environmental pollution!

Update 2:

Houston we have a problem!

Human-made climate changes like global warming and air pollution (actual 9 million deaths in a year) killing millions of humans yearly! By coal plant emissions (coal burning and coal mining) and radiation of coal-fired plants and coal mines dying around a million. Is this not mass murdering or genocide? An interesting question, Human Rights organisations and international lawyers (bodies, courts, institutes and universities) for environmental rights, climate justice, business, health and Human Rights analysing and monitoring now the responsibles (key persons and companies). Special anti-corruption divisons are informed and criminal investigations will follow. Big thanks to Harvard and Washington University of Law and all the other universities with Human Rights departments who working on these issues, too.

Update 3:

To all the politics and responsibles like the Coal Commission or Coal Exit Commission, start finally to act, work transparent and present your solutions how to replace the dirty coal fast and efficient – so fast as possible, before more humans die by the air pollution! You all are responsible, too.

Current members of the German Coal Commission:

Commission leaders – Stanislaw Tillich (CDU, former state premier of lignite mining state Saxony), Matthias Platzeck (SPD, former state premier of lignite mining state Brandenburg) & Barbara Praetorius (Climate economist, former deputy director at Agora Energiewende*) & Ronald Pofalla (CDU, former Chief of the Chancellery, now board member at Deutsche Bahn)

Representatives of 8 federal ministries: economy & energy (BMWi, also hosts commission’s secretariat), environment (BMU), internal affairs (BMI, includes department for construction), labour (BMAS), transport (BMVI), finances (BMF), agriculture (BMEL) and education & research (BMBF)

Representatives of 6 federal states: North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Saarland

Three members of parliament (without voting rights): Andreas Lämmel (CDU), Andreas Lenz (CSU) and Matthias Miersch (SPD)

  • The commission additionally will have the following 24 members:
    • Jutta Allmendinger – Social Scientist, President of the WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    • Antje Grothus – Citizens‘ initiative “Buirer für Buir;” climate policy coordinator for NRW, Climate-AllianceGermany
    • Gerda Hasselfeldt – former chairwoman of CSU parliamentary group
    • Christine Herntier – Mayor of coal mining town Spremberg, spokesperson for Lusatia mayors’ association (Lausitzrunde)
    • Martin Kaiser – Executive Director Programme Greenpeace
    • Stefan Kapferer – Head of Utility Association BDEW
    • Steffen Kampeter – former state secretary in finance ministry, now Confederation of German Employers’ Association (BDA)
    • Dieter Kempf – President of industry association BDI
    • Stefan Körzell – Board member at the German Trade Union Confederation DGB
    • Michael Kreuzberg – District Administrator of western German mining region Rhein Erft Kreis
    • Felix Matthes – Research coordinator at Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)
    • Claudia Nemat- Board of Management, Deutsche Telekom
    • Kai Niebert – Sustainability Researcher, University of Zurich
    • Annekatrin Niebuhr – Researcher Empirical Labour Economics & Spatial Economics, Kiel University
    • Reiner Priggen – NRW Green Party
    • Katherina Reiche – Head of German Association of Local Utilities (VKU)
    • Gunda Röstel – Director of Local Utility Stadtentwässerung Dresden, formerly leader of the Green Party
    • Andreas Scheidt – Board member of service trade union Verdi
    • Hans Joachim Schellnhuber – Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
    • Eric Schweitzer – President of the German Chambers for Commerce and Industry (DIHK)
    • Michael Vassiliadis – Head of mining union IG BCE
    • Ralf Wehrspohn – Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems IMWS
    • Hubert Weiger – Head of Friends of the Earth Germany BUND
    • Hannelore Wodtke – Head of Citizen Group Green Future Welzow

Source: Clean Energy Wire

Update 4:

If you look at all the pictures of the mines and open heaps (stockpiles), why the responsibles don’t cover them? For years, the coal industry released tons of toxic and radioactive coal particulates, toxic substances and pollutants into the environment (air, soil and water cycle). Some of the hazardous substances are arsenic, lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium, selenium, aluminum, antimony, barium, beryllium, boron, chlorine, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, thallium, vanadium and zinc. We demand immediate coverage of the tailings with tarpaulins, also the coal transport (assembly lines, dump trucks, transporters, trains, etc.) must be covered – because even the storage and transport is dangerous and should be treated as nuclear waste as dangerous goods and it must be legally regulated! It is really no problem or great effort, tarpaulins or durable foils do not cost much – it could be done in a few days. This would at least temporarily hold back a lot of fine dust, which is whirled up especially by strong winds in spring and autumn. Politicians and business leaders need to respond as quickly as possible to this issue and act accordingly, especially to avoid further illnesses, deaths and negative long-term effects (cancer and other serious diseases). All opencast mining regions will continue to be extensively scanned and recorded by satellites. It would be good if  DLR, ESA and Nasa finally made the complete scientific data (especially with regard to air pollution and pollutants) available to researchers and the public. We have been calling for open access of such important satellite data to the public for years. During the last years the Greening Deserts founder reported many times such issues like explained here and on all the articles or pages to responsible authorities and institutions.

The future greening camps and research camps will be set up outside of contaminated areas, like in the opencast mining region of Leipzig, maybe nearby the lakes in the post-mining area, close to the other open-pit mines. We will do also research on the detection and neutralization of radioactivity or radioactive particles. Together with nuclear experts and scientists from nations like America, Canada, China, India, France, Japan, Korea, Ukraine and Russia we can make it happen. With innovative methods and technics in this area, the entire nuclear waste could be neutralized in future. We strongly reject the current insecure use of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons, but there is nothing wrong with safe use of nuclear power in certain areas (research, medicine, space, etc.). It is similar to the ‘clean coal’ technology, if it should be ready in 15-20 years you can build new really clean power plants, but without open pit mining and the consequences of environmental degradation or destruction. Ever thought about underground drone mining? All truly sustainable and clean technologies in these relations need to be developed, and by then humanity should focus fully on renewable and clean technologies (cleantech) or sustainable energy and resources (renewables).