Tag Archive climate camp

Climate Camp in Leipzig Region for Fast Coal Exit and to Save Towns like Pödelwitz

Greening Deserts visited the climate camp Klimacamp Leipziger Land in Pödelwitz and exchanged with many awesome people about climate changes, coal, environment, environmental protection, conservation, nature, system changes and a lot of alternatives and solutions for a fast and efficient coal exit. It’s not just possible but urgent to save the environment, animals, humans, plants and all life forms from extinction, especially in the concerned regions.
Coal mining, burning or coal-fired generation causing a massive toxification of air, soils and water. The air pollution going around the world and like global warming it affects all humans and nations around the world. Mostly the poor people or communities suffer the most, because the coal industries destroying also their environments, even if they are on the other side of the world. This is not just unfair, it’s against any ethical and moral principles. It’s also a crime against humanity and violating many Fundamental Rights and Human Rights! Where is the justice and true rule of law.

Another massive problem with the coal is the radiation. The Swiss environmental network and BUND Germany published important articles and scientific reports about this issue: “Coal mining produces radioactive excavated material, mine water and radioactive particulate matter that is released into the environment. Coal transport with uncovered railway wagons also contributes to further distribution. If the coal is burned, the radioactive substances with the ashes get into the environment. Although filters in large-scale plants reduce the amount of radioactive ash by 99.5 percent, certain radioactive isotopes – for example, radon, lead and polonium – are still released into the environment. They become gaseous during combustion and can therefore hardly be removed from the exhaust air. The filter dusts must be safely stored as highly hazardous waste; for example, in a repository. This is because when burning the radioactive substances accumulate in the ashes: If the burned coal contains an ash content of five percent, so at the end of the combustion, the concentration of radioactive substances massively increased..” Thorium and uranium are another nuclear waste products caused by coal mining and concentrated by coal burning, the radioactive contamination is immense.

There are not just bad news. We have seen many good developments and news in so many fields. Two important things we exchanged about was that all the good alternatives and innovative solutions should be brought together (assembled or compiled) in one overview, so that everyone can understand and work better. The other thing is that Greening Deserts overworked the concept for the greening and research camps, it would be possible to establish a permanent climate camp in each bigger mining landscape. It would be a great platform for climate researchers and also for other scientists. The coal branch could see or understand that the potentials of a fast and effective coal exit are enourmous. More and better payed jobs could be created and the profits would be multiple times higher. It’s really complete nonsense to keep on with coal mining, not just because of the reasons stated here. Keep the coal in the ground and make peace with yourself and the humanity.

To a free discussion round we exchanged with some kids about good ideas for the panel. We had the idea to establish conservation, climate and environmental protection as fixed school subject in schools, at least once a week.

Another thing is to restore and recultivate old natural German landscapes which were very important for the water cycle and balancing the climate, environment and natural processes. We want to restore for example old wetlands like were destroyed by coal mining companies or other responsibles in the region of Leipzig. The region Leipzig was moorland landscape, alluvial or floodplain forest and now it’s much dryland or artifical lakeland. We need to create much more natural habitats and reservates there, more ancient plants and trees like bald zypresses and pin oaks. You must know wetlands are and were important for carbon capture or storage, a process known as carbon sequestration, holding up to 50 times as much carbon by area as rainforests! https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/feb/03/scientists-hope-wetland-carbon-storage-experiment-is-everyones-cup-of-tea

Further information:

https://endcoal.org/health

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining

https://futurism.com/air-pollution-kills-thousands-year

https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-impacts#.W2gITN9R272

https://beyond-coal.eu/2018/05/28/health-impacts-eu-coal-power-plants

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-coal-exit-commission

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-three-lignite-mining-regions

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/air-pollution-leading-to-a-silent-genocide

https://www.politico.eu/article/air-pollution-linked-to-nearly-400000-premature-deaths

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/07/03/forget-paris-1600-new-coal-power-plants-built-around-the-world

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/16/world-going-slow-coal-misinformation-distorting-facts

https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/leaked-germanys-planned-coal-commission-shows-little-interest-for-the-climate

https://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/npr/2018/08/06/635911260/germany-bulldozes-old-villages-for-coal-despite-lower-emissions-goals

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-other-reason-to-shift-away-from-coal-air-pollution-that-kills-thousands-every-year

https://www.pri.org/stories/2018-04-21/coal-plant-emissions-damage-infant-dna-new-study-shows

https://www.psr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/coals-assault-on-human-health.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2017-10-world-pollution-deadlier-wars-disasters.html

https://www.resilience.org/stories/2017-04-21/climate-change-genocide

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13642987.2014.914701

https://www.truthdig.com/articles/climate-change-as-genocide

..there are much more serious and scientific evidences that the air pollution caused by coal burning and coal mining kills humans, not just nearby coal-fired power plants or in coal power nations like China, USA, Russia, Poland, Germany,.. also all other nations are affected. The killing of people caused by coal combustion, gasification and mining is not better than any other genocide – also if it is passive and during a long time.

Update:

After the climate camp in the lignite mining region in Saxony nearby Leipzig the Klimacamp in the Rhineland started today and will run until 22th of August. The Climate Games Basel in Switzerland are still running. The climate camps are serious events with very diverse programms. It’s not just about climate change and global warming, but also about cultural, economic, ecologic, educational, social, scientific and much more imporant issues! Take a look on the websites for more details.

Don’t ignore or misunderstand these events and movements. They inform and share important climate and environmental themes, especially in relation to conservation, environmental protection, human-made climate changes and pollution. The main goal is to stop or block the coal mining, coal burning and coal-fired generation which is responsible for so much many deaths and the massive destruction of our environment and nature. Support all the great movements and organisations working for a fast and effective coal exit! Clean air and a healthy environment are Human Rights, too.

People wake up, finally – especially the responsibles! We need to establish environmental awarness and sustainability in so many fields or areas. It’s never to late to do so. There is a good Chinese proverb: “The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now.”

Reduce and stop the worldwide ecocide and genocide by environmental pollution!

Update 2:

Houston we have a problem!

Human-made climate changes like global warming and air pollution (actual 9 million deaths in a year) killing millions of humans yearly! By coal plant emissions (coal burning and coal mining) and radiation of coal-fired plants and coal mines dying around a million. Is this not mass murdering or genocide? An interesting question, Human Rights organisations and international lawyers (bodies, courts, institutes and universities) for environmental rights, climate justice, business, health and Human Rights analysing and monitoring now the responsibles (key persons and companies). Special anti-corruption divisons are informed and criminal investigations will follow. Big thanks to Harvard and Washington University of Law and all the other universities with Human Rights departments who working on these issues, too.

Update 3:

To all the politics and responsibles like the Coal Commission or Coal Exit Commission, start finally to act, work transparent and present your solutions how to replace the dirty coal fast and efficient – so fast as possible, before more humans die by the air pollution! You all are responsible, too.

Current members of the German Coal Commission:

Commission leaders – Stanislaw Tillich (CDU, former state premier of lignite mining state Saxony), Matthias Platzeck (SPD, former state premier of lignite mining state Brandenburg) & Barbara Praetorius (Climate economist, former deputy director at Agora Energiewende*) & Ronald Pofalla (CDU, former Chief of the Chancellery, now board member at Deutsche Bahn)

Representatives of 8 federal ministries: economy & energy (BMWi, also hosts commission’s secretariat), environment (BMU), internal affairs (BMI, includes department for construction), labour (BMAS), transport (BMVI), finances (BMF), agriculture (BMEL) and education & research (BMBF)

Representatives of 6 federal states: North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Saarland

Three members of parliament (without voting rights): Andreas Lämmel (CDU), Andreas Lenz (CSU) and Matthias Miersch (SPD)

  • The commission additionally will have the following 24 members:
    • Jutta Allmendinger – Social Scientist, President of the WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    • Antje Grothus – Citizens‘ initiative “Buirer für Buir;” climate policy coordinator for NRW, Climate-AllianceGermany
    • Gerda Hasselfeldt – former chairwoman of CSU parliamentary group
    • Christine Herntier – Mayor of coal mining town Spremberg, spokesperson for Lusatia mayors’ association (Lausitzrunde)
    • Martin Kaiser – Executive Director Programme Greenpeace
    • Stefan Kapferer – Head of Utility Association BDEW
    • Steffen Kampeter – former state secretary in finance ministry, now Confederation of German Employers’ Association (BDA)
    • Dieter Kempf – President of industry association BDI
    • Stefan Körzell – Board member at the German Trade Union Confederation DGB
    • Michael Kreuzberg – District Administrator of western German mining region Rhein Erft Kreis
    • Felix Matthes – Research coordinator at Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)
    • Claudia Nemat- Board of Management, Deutsche Telekom
    • Kai Niebert – Sustainability Researcher, University of Zurich
    • Annekatrin Niebuhr – Researcher Empirical Labour Economics & Spatial Economics, Kiel University
    • Reiner Priggen – NRW Green Party
    • Katherina Reiche – Head of German Association of Local Utilities (VKU)
    • Gunda Röstel – Director of Local Utility Stadtentwässerung Dresden, formerly leader of the Green Party
    • Andreas Scheidt – Board member of service trade union Verdi
    • Hans Joachim Schellnhuber – Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
    • Eric Schweitzer – President of the German Chambers for Commerce and Industry (DIHK)
    • Michael Vassiliadis – Head of mining union IG BCE
    • Ralf Wehrspohn – Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems IMWS
    • Hubert Weiger – Head of Friends of the Earth Germany BUND
    • Hannelore Wodtke – Head of Citizen Group Green Future Welzow

Source: Clean Energy Wire

Update 4:

If you look at all the pictures of the mines and open heaps (stockpiles), why the responsibles don’t cover them? For years, the coal industry released tons of toxic and radioactive coal particulates, toxic substances and pollutants into the environment (air, soil and water cycle). Some of the hazardous substances are arsenic, lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium, selenium, aluminum, antimony, barium, beryllium, boron, chlorine, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, thallium, vanadium and zinc. We demand immediate coverage of the tailings with tarpaulins, also the coal transport (assembly lines, dump trucks, transporters, trains, etc.) must be covered – because even the storage and transport is dangerous and should be treated as nuclear waste as dangerous goods and it must be legally regulated! It is really no problem or great effort, tarpaulins or durable foils do not cost much – it could be done in a few days. This would at least temporarily hold back a lot of fine dust, which is whirled up especially by strong winds in spring and autumn. Politicians and business leaders need to respond as quickly as possible to this issue and act accordingly, especially to avoid further illnesses, deaths and negative long-term effects (cancer and other serious diseases). All opencast mining regions will continue to be extensively scanned and recorded by satellites. It would be good if  DLR, ESA and Nasa finally made the complete scientific data (especially with regard to air pollution and pollutants) available to researchers and the public. We have been calling for open access of such important satellite data to the public for years. During the last years the Greening Deserts founder reported many times such issues like explained here and on all the articles or pages to responsible authorities and institutions.

The future greening camps and research camps will be set up outside of contaminated areas, like in the opencast mining region of Leipzig, maybe nearby the lakes in the post-mining area, close to the other open-pit mines. We will do also research on the detection and neutralization of radioactivity or radioactive particles. Together with nuclear experts and scientists from nations like America, Canada, China, India, France, Japan, Korea, Ukraine and Russia we can make it happen. With innovative methods and technics in this area, the entire nuclear waste could be neutralized in future. We strongly reject the current insecure use of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons, but there is nothing wrong with safe use of nuclear power in certain areas (research, medicine, space, etc.). It is similar to the ‘clean coal’ technology, if it should be ready in 15-20 years you can build new really clean power plants, but without open pit mining and the consequences of environmental degradation or destruction. Ever thought about underground drone mining? All truly sustainable and clean technologies in these relations need to be developed, and by then humanity should focus fully on renewable and clean technologies (cleantech) or sustainable energy and resources (renewables).

Greening Deserts Master Plan for a Fast Coal Exit and to Reduce Global Warming

Greening Deserts don’t just worked out a business plan and master plan for a fast coal exit and sustainable agriculture, greening and forestation in open cast mining deserts like in Germany. The plans are for all other dry and barren landscapes, too. The concepts also work for concrete or desert cities and urban areas. Greening and research camps can be build in each country or nation who need fast and sustainable land regeneration and revegetation. With our methods and techniques we can produce fast top soil layers and clean filtered water. Subsoiling and repairing damages to the soil we can do with special plants (top soil producers and deep rooters). Desert bamboo and other pioneer plants can loosening any dry and barren soil in just a few years. After the first year, trees and soil producing plants like hemp can be planted between the pioneer plants – who dropping shadow and holding the water in the ground. Bamboo groves, woods and forests holding enourmous amounts of water. The greening camps nearby waters like lakes, rivers, seas and oceans will study and research on advanced and new irrigation, water filtering and desalination methods. Water research and improvement is a very important field of Greening Deserts research projects. With all our sustainable projects it’s really possible to reduce the global warming to a significant level.

The concepts and master plans of Greening Deserts don’t covering only the thematics conservation, ecology, education, environmental protection, cultural and economical issues, but also social and scientific topics like the migration caused by global warming and human-made climate change. Most of the refugees are climate change refugees, leaving their countries because of land degeneration and desertification. These real causes of migration must be solved at the roots in all these poor nations. Fight the true causes of poverty not the symptoms. Worked years on these themes and wrote many articles about. Together with the master plan many good and innovative solutions are ready to be realised. Regreen or recultivate Africa and MENA region, especially East and North Africa to stop the main causes of migration. And we ask again, why refugee camps have no or just less greenhouses and gardens. There are so many cheap and mobiles greenhouses, so like greenhouse, solar and water producing containers.

Greening Deserts analyzing, researching and documenting innovative and problematic developments for years – especially in the energy, agriculture and science sectors. But it’s not just about the problems, we also developed or researched sustainable and real good solutions – and world innovations @Greening Coasts, Greenhouse Ship, Green Ring Africa, Great Green Wall North Africa,.. Climate, nature and environmental protection plays a special role here. Everyone should have noticed the extreme climate or weather in Germany and Europe, especially the floods, droughts and heat waves. Those who continue to ignore all these facts, especially those responsible in industry and government, are responsible for the consequences of climate change and the consequences of global warming. They are also responsible for all the millions of climate refugees and deaths who suffer or die each year from extreme drought and air pollution. The main causes or culprits are cattle breeding, meat production, the car industry, the coal industry, the arms industry and the armaments industry, but also the responsible policy. Every year, billions (unfortunately also much taxpayers money) are wasted in these areas. For example, at least half (such as food) is not needed or consumed – a massive logistics and over-production problem. Precious foods (such as corn) that are gasified or burned for energy production are not a good solution, especially if rainforests are cut down for them – see Brazil, Germany and the energy maize.

The time to act is now, we are tired of waiting years over years that the responsibles in Europe finally support us and our innovative ideas or developments actively and financially – especially since many responsibles were informed. How said, the master plan is ready since last year! You can download on our pages.

Please support our innovative, social and sustainable projects for a better and greener world. It’s your planet and your future, too! Help nature and planet earth with all the different life forms or species to regenerate and to survive. Care the endangered species before they die out, caused mainly by deforestation. Reduce and stop this madness, because there are enough alternatives to wood and classic paper like grass, hemp and rice straw paper. Help us to plant millions or even billions of trees in future. Forests are the true cloud and rain makers, if the forests are back, water and wildlife will come back.

To all the politics and responsibles (Coal Commission, etc.), start finally to act and replace the dirty coal!

Don’t talk, plant trees and realise more sustainable energies.

Mammoth Tree Project for Leipzig Saxony Germany Europe and Africa

Greening Deserts started a mammoth project or campaign for our lovely hometown Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. It’s called 1000 Mammoth Trees for Leipzig. Of course we will plant much more, but we want to show that it is possible to plant 1000 trees in a day or during a week very easily. It’s much love, time and work around. Because some tree species like the giant Sequoia and Taxodium tree need a special cold treatment – we and nature have done the last weeks and months. Now we are ready to go and to grow it. The biggest Taxodium tree stands in Mexico. In 2005, its trunk had a circumference of 42 m, equating to a diameter of 14 m.

Taxodium trees in the area of Leipzig have a long history and goes back millions of years. It was one of the most widespreaded trees in the marshlands of Leipzig region. This mammoth-like tree and wood was highly sought after and expensive, that’s why this tree was felled massively. In Germany this tree is very rare and endangered. Greening Deserts projects will establish this tree again and plant millions of them in whole Europe. We want to establish this ancient tree again in the floodplain forests and lakeland region around Leipzig, but also in marshlands in Lithuania. You can help to plant them out this year. Follow or like the page to get news and updates about this campaign. Everybody is welcome to support us on the mission for real and sustainable conservation and environmental protection.

For drylands or wastelands we have also mammoth trees like the Taxodium mucronatum of Mexico and Adansonia trees of Africa. After years of plant research and studying the plant databases of Africa we found countless (also forgotten) plants are good to recultivate in grasslands, savannahs or even in deserts. Special desert plants like some ultraresistent bamboo sorts will help with soil loosening and subsoiling. Together with awesome plant mixes we can produce topsoil everywhere fast and efficient. That’s why we want to start also a greening- and research camp in the open-pit desert in the surface mining or post-mining landscape around Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. Of course these greening camps can be started in African and European countries with deserts, drylands or wetlands like in France or Spain.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxodium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxodium_distichum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoiadendron_giganteum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Árbol_del_Tule
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adansonia

Reduce global warming, negative human-made climate changes and plant more diverse parks, woods and forests – for better air quality and save CO2. Cool down urban areas with Urban Greening projects and establish more city forests. Support Greening Deserts to regreen and to recultivate native plants, especially endangered and forgotten species – wildlife and even extincted lifeforms maybe will come back if we all create more natural spaces and establish more wildlife sanctuaries.

Never underestimate the energies and forces of nature. Over time, nature takes everything back or balancing the environment worldwide. What we do to nature we do ourselves. Those who are committed to nature, the environment and a better climate, are committed to their own lives – even if it is not easy in this wasteful, consumer-crazy and destructive society. Just think of all the toxins and pollutants in the environment and the enormous destruction of nature, which was and is caused by the automotive, coal and heavy industry but also by the consumers. Everyone is a part responsible and should think more about – and then act especially! Less (plastic packaging, energy and food waste) is more.. money and a clean environment for all – by the way, clean air is a human right.

Thanks California and Canada for the mammoth tree inspiration, in memories to the wonderful redwoods.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redwood_(disambiguation)

Around six trees will fix 1 tonne of CO2!

https://treesforlife.org.uk/plant-trees/becoming-carbon-conscious

German Industry and Polluters Responsible for Climate Change and Global Warming

The dirty German automotive industry, the coal industry and all other polluters killed and still killing tens of thousands of people each year or they are responsible for so many deaths. It’s not just the massive air pollution, but also the soil and water pollution. This pollutes not just Germany, but also neighbouring countries in Europe and the worldwide environment. It weakens the animals, humans and vegetation – many became or become sick. Humans eat this dirt, polluted or toxic food, with the exception of greenhouse tomatoes and paprica from the Netherlands or Spain – also organic food can be affected by this pollution. Another main problem is the global warming by extreme heating caused by the cities, industries and wasteful consumption. It’s long overdue to cool down cities and urban areas with more greening actions and projects. Every child nows that plants produce fresh air or oxygen and filter CO2. That’s why Greening Deserts want to plant billions of trees worldwide, especially in Europe and Africa! #forestation #forestry #greening #reforestation #urbangreening

It’s never to late to change something and to reduce the real causes until they are stopped or transformed, so long the problems are solved. Everybody is partwise responsible and could live more sustainable, save more energy, food, water and resources.

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Never forget clean air, food and water are Human Rights, as well as a healthy environment. It are fundamental laws and basic rights are broken each day. To get your right you must demand or even fight for it. Another thing is that too many people destroying life, nature and wasting resources by extreme consumption. It’s horrible, Germany is leading in food waste, plastic and paper wasting in Europe. Many people are also responsible for that madness. Everyone must do something, don’t wait for others saving the world. To change the world into a better one, you all must do something for – big changes working just if humanity unites their forces to solve the biggest world problems.

More interesting acticles, backgrounds, facts and stats:
http://www.dw.com/en/germanys-new-government-same-old-story-for-environment/a-42499675
http://www.dw.com/en/germany-risks-reputation-with-climate-goals-failure/a-40413092
https://qz.com/1175308/germany-is-abandoning-its-climate-goals-for-2020-what-happens-next
https://www.opendemocracy.net/transformation/environment
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energiewende_in_Germany
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Inconvenient_Truth

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4973902/Air-pollution-kills-500-000-Europeans-year.html

https://www.euractiv.com/section/electricity/opinion/the-true-picture-of-the-german-energiewende
https://www.ecologic.eu/sites/files/event/2017/article_by_ronald_musoke_the_independent_uganda.pdf
https://energypedia.info/wiki/Energy_Transition_in_Germany_%E2%80%9CEnergiewende%E2%80%9D
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/05/02/numbers-dont-lie-germanys-energiewende-has-had-zero-impact-on-emissions-at-best
https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2017-11-09/air-pollution-kills-the-most-people-in-these-countries
https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/report-theres-an-auto-industry-death-spiral-coming#gs.rx1YIrY

Remember the holocaust in Germany, so then think about the actual genocide caused by the gasification or environmental pollution. By worldwide air pollution dying over 9 millions each year, in Europe it are over 500.000 deaths! Maybe Germany should think about this actual holocaust and crimes against humanity or mankind – think about all the responsibles of this genocide.

The time to change is now and was long time ago. Support our epochal and sustainable projects for conservation, environmental protection and climate protection. Help us to reduce the massive air pollution and global warming by greening, reforestation and urban greening (especially rooftop greening) on regional, national and global scale.
We worked out many great solutions and developed innovations with educational, cultural, scientific and social impact. Everything is very extensively and in detail described in the master plan and business plan of Greening Deserts Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes‘.

Greening Camps and Research Projects for Surface Mining Deserts – Concept and Study for Opencast Mine and Post-Mining Landscapes

Excerpt of the business plan and master plan 2 in german language: Greening and Research Camps for Surface Mining Deserts: Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes. – This is a pre-release published on 31 October 2017, Reformation Day in Germany.

Desert research, research and development of sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural industries are the primary fields of the concept and greening deserts projects. The greening and research camp with a greenhouse, office or laboratory containers or tents for the research and development of greening and irrigation methods is the primary objective for open pit mines. Secondary objectives, such as sustainable recreational use and tourism offers, can be realized during the operation over the years and are not necessary for the successful start of the research project and base camp in the opencast mining area or a post-mining landscape. This also eliminates all associated conditions, provisions and legal regulations, since for the time being no public recreational use or tourism operation takes place. Nevertheless, forward-looking considerations and planning approaches as well as extensive points on the areas or topics were worked out and summarized in this concept. Greening Deserts projects are always planned as long-term and sustainable as possible.

Further tasks and goals of the projects are the education, research and realization of a sustainable greening, management and cultivation of all kinds of poor, barren and dry areas, landscapes (drylands) or regions. That’s why the main project u.a. Greening Deserts, which treats not only typical deserts but all types of deserts, including open-pit deserts, concrete or urban deserts. This can all be done with suitable greening and research camps, wards and centers. In this work and in the concept possibilities and ways of doing so are analyzed and discussed on the example of research and greening camps for opencast deserts, mining landscapes or post-mining landscape landscapes. The research camp should be an encounter, education and communication platform in post-mining landscapes, internally for experts, experts and scientists, and in future also publicly for all possible visitors.

For a start, the greening, nature and research projects focus on nature experiences, important experience and research in the particular area or terrain. Everything is analyzed, documented and informed about interesting findings and developments. In the course of the project, interested and competent bodies or persons will be communicated – via existing and new networks, and then on site as well. In addition to well-known environmental education instruments and programs, the active experience of nature and creative forms of exploration and experimentation should also be researched and developed. Particular attention is paid to the practice-oriented work, if possible outdoors. The motto is: away from unhealthy, artificial working and living spaces. Out of sterile offices or laboratories. Out of the house or city, work and live in healthy habitats, in a positive environments of true and true nature or natural environment.

Extensive research results, discoveries, developments and experiences in all mentioned areas of projects can be exchanged and compared with international institutions and scientific institutions. Most of the information and results are publicly or online available and will be published according to their level of development or needs. This will further enhance development and processes and can really help problem areas and poor countries (Third World / Emerging Countries). The research results, experiences and insights form a cornerstone for space gardening or space research in relation to professional greenhouse management, even for desert planets such as Mars. Also interesting would be a Mars Research Station for surface mining or post-mining landscapes. For this reason, with sufficient financial support or funding, further developments and research should be carried out, such as hydroponics, such as aquaponics or hydroponics, solar greenhouses and special biospheres.

During the first years additional places, paths and paths for recreational activities or recreational activities such as hiking and cycling can be planned and set up. For this purpose, with sufficient resources extra vantage points, experience rooms, rest areas, shelters, actuation and art objects can be realized. This is very good due to a strong presence and good contacts.. Further information (texts, pictures, lists, tables, etc.) in the concept or appendix. This concept, scientific study, market analysis and master plan was writen by Oliver Gediminas Caplikas.

Socioeconomic Aspects and Factors of Greening and Desert Research in Surface Mining Deserts

Historical and cultural information on the past of the landscape and its use, also before the industrial mining period, are offered in the research camp as well as on corresponding pages on the Internet. Products such as books, pictures, photographs, films, works of art and antiques can be offered in a separate shop. Many socioeconomic factors and, above all, commercial aspects are in the area of ​​health care, recreation, sports and tourism. There are many commercial and economic effects in terms of income sources, employment and multipliers.

Other aspects:

  • Annual analysis and adaptation of the target groups, needs and interests of the visitors and / or customers with regard to the new mountain landscape landscapes (BFL) or lake landscapes
  • Direct and indirect employment and income effects, sales and profits through the sustainable management of opencast mining and mining landscapes
  • Marketing, merchandising and promotion on all possible channels, networks and platforms in German and English
  • Sustainable and forward-looking planning for the consumer and tourism sector
  • Bringing to the landscape dynamics and development in all its facets, showing the natural development processes of the landscape and vegetation
  • Use of local conditions and natural developments for unique natural experiences and experiences in the daytime landscape
  • Improvement of the image of the former day building landscape, elucidation of current, completed and future transformation or transformation processes
  • Arrangement of inexpensive tours and courses (for example, adventure walks, boat trips, bike tours) to the various natural themes, especially on the subject of nature conservation and natural forces

Financing can be provided through various sources of finance, such as crowding, capital, capital, investment capital, credit, venture capital (venture capital), private and public funding. The best is a good mix of uncomplicated and different financing, especially if there is enough evidence of efficiency and feasibility. Similar and successful concepts, feasibility studies and market analyzes in the relevant areas can make financing much easier. Profitable, long-term or future-oriented business ideas and concepts are often financed quickly. Unique features and strong references promote successful funding for new start-ups, start-ups, projects or existing companies.

There are many other social and economic (sociocultural) aspects or topics on greening and desert exploration in opencast mining deserts. These are extensively analyzed and processed with the Greening Deserts research projects. Read more on the official pages and in the masterplan: “Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes“.

 

Further Goals and Ideas for the Effective, Sustainable and Fast Cultivation of Surface Mining Landscapes

In this article, further approaches and ideas for naturalization, rehabilitation, cultivation and recultivation will be presented in relation to all responsible persons and within the scope of the greening and research projects for surface mining or post-mining landscapes.

An important goal for opencast mine and post-mining landscapes or lakelands is the production of a balanced, stable and clean water balance as well as a good soil quality. The following points must be observed:

  • Balancing the nutrient and pollutant content through filter systems and regulating the oxygen content by means of ventilation and circulation. This can also be achieved by integration into irrigation systems on land and with suitable plants, water plants and microorganisms
  • Compliance with limit values ​​and reduction if possible, for example noise level, loads and pollutants in surface mining or post-mining landscapes
  • Comprehensive investigation, research and use of hitherto unknown methods of detoxification or cleaning and regulation, including the improvement of groundwater and soil
  • Efficient fieldwork and advanced field research
  • Exploration of further methods of improving soil and water quality, feasibility studies and weighing efficiency / benefits
  • Achieve good water quality according to the EU Bathing Water Directive
  • Encourage or support the self-cleaning of surface mining lakes
  • Promotion of the settlement of endangered animal and plant species by the establishment, extension and maintenance of free, undeveloped nature reserves
  • Research on improved methods of colonization and propagation of endangered species, the creation of suitable habitats and zoological gardens or parks
  • Counteracting or reducing the entrophy and acidification of lakes and groundwater
  • Monitoring of soils and water bodies using appropriate instruments
  • Long-term planning and annual adjustment of the design concept as well as the renovation plans
  • Subsequent integration of visitors from all areas into the entire process, providing exploratory tours and hands-on workshops in the research camp and secured terrain
  • Shore and embankment protection as well as appropriate coastal greening should be preferred to pure gravel or sandy beaches
  • Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events

Responsible organizations, institutions and persons must comply with the laws, regulations and guidelines, and must regularly prove this, if possible every year.

A good example of waterborne and aftercare is described in the “Sustainable recreational use and tourism in post-mining landscapes”. Here is an excerpt:

“Water maintenance is the task of preserving or restoring the functionality of the water bed including the shores to the top of the slope. This also includes the ecological and land-cultural function of water bodies, in particular

(1) the conservation and restoration of a native plant and animal population in natural diversity;

(2) the maintenance and improvement of the self-cleaning capacity, unless other are required to do so;

(3) the maintenance, cleansing and clearing of the waters and shores as far as is necessary;

(4) the keeping of the waters and its banks of pests;

5. the removal of solid substances from or from the waters of the waters, in so far as is necessary in the public interest. “

Documentations and information on the cultural, settlement, social and economic history of the region can be processed in various forms or varieties in the future, eg in tourist offers. This includes, for example, the expansion of the leisure activities and the program by means of landscape-related sports and games. These include, for example, Fitness facilities and activities, motor sports, mountain biking, aerial sports, water sports, winter sport and new sporting activities – all with the best possible connection to nature and nature conservation. In the future real recreational parks can be developed and built with a real relationship with nature.

Climate Protection, Extreme Weather and Civil Protection Through Preventive Greening

The Greening Deserts greening projects and research camps also develop and conduct research in the climate and weather sector. Effective methods and measures for climate and disaster control are and will be researched and developed. Below are a few approaches and ideas listed.

  • Relief and prevention in case of extreme weather catastrophes, better ground protection against erosion and landslides, especially flood disasters
  • Reduce the risk of flooding by planted areas or soils as they are better able to absorb water, drain more quickly and can store more water overall
  • Flood protection and prevention in extreme weather conditions by protective walls of flexible and robust trees and shrubs, which can intercept or dampen also strong winds and extreme storms (storm surges, tornadoes, hurricanes, etc.)
  • Improvement of flood retention and flood relief through large-scale greening and forest cover


A definition for flood protection according to DIN 4047:

“All the measures of watercourse development through water regulations and regulation, flood retention and / or structural alteration to the structures and facilities to be protected, which serve to reduce the flood area, lower the flood level and / or encourage flood discharge.”

A continuous discussion of the conflicts between the recreational and / or use forms and nature conservation is sought, also during the operation of projects and ventures in Post-Mining Landscapes. This serves the smooth running on all sides, the improvement of synergies and the avoidance of errors and duplicates or really unnecessary work. Ignorance should be avoided and communication promoted, especially in today’s times. This applies to all participants or agents in the region of the respective surface mining areas. The possibilities and potential of transparent working in mining landscapes are also important, as a result of which the overall image of the mining industry and the respective regions can be considerably improved. It also promotes awareness of nature conservation and positive change in the society.

It is also important to observe and comply with provisions, laws, regulations, guidelines and values ​​for nature conservation in connection with or in relation to sustainable tourism, leisure and recreational use in mining landscape. Minimizing conflict potential and risks in this regard must be a task and in the interests of everyone, and extensive risk management for the region should be sought from all sources. Therefore, with this work and this concept is called to participate, to contribute ideas and suggestions. This can be done via the public pages or channels and by the official contact information.

Article published in October 2017.

Cultural, Social and Economic Aspects for Greening of Surface Mining Landscapes

On the pages of Greening Deserts and in the entire concept, cultural, social, economic and scientific aspects of professional greening and research projects for mining, surface mining and post-mining landscapes are described. Important and additional points are summarized here.

  • Agriculture, sustainable farming and agricultural forestation or agroforestry are important research fields
  • Establishment and development of a professional network with experts in the fields of culture, business and science – especially in the field of nature conservation, sustainable greening, agriculture, forestry and greenhouse management
  • Development and offer of an extensive sociocultural program with art and music, free of charge and paid
  • Offer and sale of natural products (medicines and crops) and services, see concept and section ‘Services’
  • Exhibitions from and for art, not just landscape art
  • Involvement of artists and works of art in the landscape and processes
  • Introduction of landscape planning, nature conservation and socioeconomic areas or fields by integrating suitable and interested institutions, organizations and partners as well as persons and associations with potential or professional competence
  • Promotion of the recultivation and rehabilitation of opencast mining areas for a better future use, sustainable nature conservation, cultural, social and economic purposes in connection with the respective municipalities and regions
  • Integration of schools, universities and other educational institutions in the development and development process, but also through extra programs, guided tours, trainings, workshops and events
  • Sustainable landscaped recreational use, national and international tourism with the best possible natural experience, cultural and artistic life experience
  • Sustainable and economical management, optimization and improvement of the energy industry
  • Use and adaptation of conditions and properties of opencast mining deserts for realistic desert exploration, especially in the summer
  • Continuous research and development of forms or techniques of greenhouse, forestry and agriculture
  • Development and research of wind, water and solar systems within the framework of the research projects

Further points and extensive information on the topics are extensively described in the master plan “Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes“.

Download PDF: Cultural, Social and Economic Aspects for Greening of Surface Mining Landscapes

Development of Sustainable and Diverse Cultural Landscapes in Surface Mining Areas

The Greening Deserts projects focus on sustainability and diversity, especially for greening and research camps in surface mining landscapes. The projects act lawful and forward-looking in the context of the experiences, possibilities and knowledge. Here are some important points.

  • Vote and exchange with the relevant authorities, such as the nature conservation authority
  • Other good or potential cultures, international developments and projects should also be integrated, through exchanging and sharing of experiences, research and development of better or new greening procedures and cultivation of potential crops for land and water
  • Offers of social and cultural programs, guided tours, trainings, workshops and events
  • Processing and offering a comprehensive sociocultural program with art and music, free of charge and paid
  • Exhibitions from and for art, not just landscape art
  • Observation, integration and creation of traditional cultural landscapes in post-mining landscapes, for example through typical healthy vegetation (mixed forests) and species diversity (diversity)
  • Promoting the cultivation of flowering plants and protection of insects
  • Botanical gardens or parks with plants and animals from all over the world can be integrated very well into extraneous natural areas or landscapes
  • A good idea is to establish the allotment gardens (allotments) in opencast mining or surface mining landscapes
  • Integration of schools, universities and other educational institutions in the developments and development processes
  • Sustainable landscape and nature oriented recreation for national and international tourism with the best possible natural experience, cultural and artistic life experience
  • Creating lakes and water reservoirs by flooding surface mining holes, dips or valleys
  • Cultivation of agricultural or cultivated crops like bamboo, potatoes, hemp or cannabis – they are great plants for top soil production
  • Connection of culture and nature with relation to forestry and agriculture
  • Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events

In the case of extensive interventions in the landscape and nature (protective goods such as nature reserves), an environmental impact assessment (EIA) is prepared, although this is usually only necessary if a spatial planning or planning procedure is necessary. The assessment of environmental impact should be carried out not only voluntarily and for the site search, but also for all projects which could have a significant impact on the protection of the protected goods.

Coastal Greening or Desert Greening at coasts of lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. @GreeningCoasts

Potentials of Sustainable Greening and Research in Opencast Mine and Mining Landscapes

We call for greening campaigns and research camps for opencast mine and former mining landscapes.

Innovative ideas and potentials for sustainable greening and research projects for post-mining landscapes and opencast mining (opencast mining) are briefly summarized.

  • General desert research and studies on desert plants or vegetation
  • Better drainage and distribution of surface, ground and ground water
  • Education and training of a better understanding of nature and understanding, especially for the young generation
  • Detoxification and detoxification of toxins and pollutants in the soil and water through surface mining operations and other environmental pollution
  • Development, extension and improvement of soil production and irrigation methods
  • Increasing the storage capacity, capacity and potential of soils, especially with loamy or other sealed soils and surfaces
  • Good balance of technical potentials and future use targets
  • Cultivation of medicinal and other useful crops in greenhouses and opencast mining areas
  • Developing or researching of new and optimizing old farming and gardening methods or techniques
  • Use of natural and artificial water reservoirs (tanks, ponds, reservoirs) for the production of various waters, e.g. Mixed, usable, mineral and drinking water
  • Potential for events and events in the cultural, social and scientific fields, e.g. exhibitions, information events and music events
  • Extensive and comprehensive information related to natural themes
  • Extensive exploration and documentation of the opencast mining deserts and nature including the animal world, also microcosm
  • Improve agriculture, hydroponics and permaculture methods or techniques
  • Improvement of cultural, social and economic offers in the respective regions, thereby reducing the lack of employment and unemployment in mining and opencast mining areas
  • Improved protection in extreme weather conditions, e.g. during flood catastrophes, storms and flooding
  • Improvement of the water quality by proven and new water systems, overground and underground
  • Reinforcement and improvement of the relation or connection between man and nature
  • Water processing, filtration and extraction
  • Future-oriented developments and explorations with the aid of greening and desert camps for all types of deserts or barren landscapes, also for deserts and desert explorations on the desert planet Mars


Further good ideas and innovations can be found throughout the concept and on the official pages.

Greenhouses, Gardening, Landscape Parks and Forests for Opencast Mining or Post-Mining Landscapes

The fields of horticulture, agriculture and forestry play a special role in the Greening Deserts research projects of the greening camps and research camps, so these areas are not only researched and developed but also documented and mediated. On the basis of practical and theoretical work and examples, old and new possibilities for opencast mining and post-mining landscapes are presented, improved and further developed. The first set-up of the greening campaign in the opencast mine area of Leipzig (opencast mining desert), is to create a multi-layered garden and park with test fields for regional, domestic and country-specific plant species and special species from all over the world. In greenhouses, in addition to plant breeding (young plants, cuttings or seedlings), possible environmental and climatic conditions are also simulated, in separate areas, rooms or boxes.

As also described in other parts of the concept, the focus is on the research and optimization of different types, types of bodies, lighting and irrigation methods. The improvement of soil production, soil quality and plant growth is another important focus.

The processes (irrigation, light and nutrient distribution) can be further optimized through effective and economical energy and resource consumption. These are also tasks and objectives for the sustainable greening and management of all sorts of barren and dry areas or landscapes.

Since pioneer plants populate the landscape relatively quickly in most open-cast mining landscapes, thus loosening and ventilating the soils, it is easier to create new plantings such as garden plants, parks and mixed forests (mixed forests). This also results in further possibilities for future landscape design, such as, for example, experimental gardening, gardening, creative and artistic design of green areas and landscape parks.

Greening Deserts Cospuden Lake Leipzig Tour

Greening Deserts Tour at Cospuden Lake Leipzig in the New Lakeland, in German Cospudener See in der Leipziger Seenlandschaft (Neuseenland). These video clips were made during the countless discovery and reseach tours in the old opencast mining landscape in Saxonia. Since years we think about greening camps with professional greenhouses for dry and barren landscapes like in opencast mine deserts (Tagebauwüsten). We work and planning an extra research camp at the old opencast mine and new lakeland nearby Leipzig, Markleeberg and Zwenkau. We informed all responsible institutions, regional, national and Europe-wide - so far and good we could.Opportunities, innovations and positive developments of Greening Deserts projects are proved and documented. It is very important and urgent that the projects get all help or support so fast as possible to reduce negative Climate Change, Desertification and Global Warming by professional greening and forestation. The projects are not just for climate protection, they are also good for educational, cultural, social and scientific purposes. With the right financial support we can finaly build up the company or project structure, build a team and the first greening camp. Calling now again for international help.Waiting and waiting for real active support (especially financial) over a year now!Since years we work on innovative, sustainable and far-reaching projects for positive climate change and nature protection, education, solving food, housing and energy problems, reducing negative human-made climate change and global warming. Hope the times will change and people wake up finaly, especially the responsibles. #greening #desertgreening #environment #climatechange #umweltschutz

Gepostet von Greening Deserts am Freitag, 20. Oktober 2017