In this article, further approaches and ideas for naturalization, rehabilitation, cultivation and recultivation will be presented in relation to all responsible persons and within the scope of the greening and research projects for surface mining or post-mining landscapes.
An important goal for opencast mine and post-mining landscapes or lakelands is the production of a balanced, stable and clean water balance as well as a good soil quality. The following points must be observed:
Responsible organizations, institutions and persons must comply with the laws, regulations and guidelines, and must regularly prove this, if possible every year.
A good example of waterborne and aftercare is described in the “Sustainable recreational use and tourism in post-mining landscapes”. Here is an excerpt:
“Water maintenance is the task of preserving or restoring the functionality of the water bed including the shores to the top of the slope. This also includes the ecological and land-cultural function of water bodies, in particular
(1) the conservation and restoration of a native plant and animal population in natural diversity;
(2) the maintenance and improvement of the self-cleaning capacity, unless other are required to do so;
(3) the maintenance, cleansing and clearing of the waters and shores as far as is necessary;
(4) the keeping of the waters and its banks of pests;
5. the removal of solid substances from or from the waters of the waters, in so far as is necessary in the public interest. “
Documentations and information on the cultural, settlement, social and economic history of the region can be processed in various forms or varieties in the future, eg in tourist offers. This includes, for example, the expansion of the leisure activities and the program by means of landscape-related sports and games. These include, for example, Fitness facilities and activities, motor sports, mountain biking, aerial sports, water sports, winter sport and new sporting activities – all with the best possible connection to nature and nature conservation. In the future real recreational parks can be developed and built with a real relationship with nature.
Greening Deserts projects are cultural, educational, economic, social, scientific and sustainable developments using classical greening or gardening methods but also new or alternative techniques and technologies. Focus is on biodiversity, climate protection, cleantech, ecological forestry, ecosystem restoration, environmental protection, greening, greentech, reforestation and species protection. The projects can reduce human-made climate change, deforestation, droughts, desertification, land degradation, global warming and pollution worldwide.