Category Archive Culture

Hemp cultivation in open-cast mines for sustainable soil improvement and organic farming with hemp

The hemp plant is not only the most useful plant in the world, hemp is also a potential climate saver and can even significantly reduce global warming, climate crises and land degradation with appropriate applications. Greening Deserts projects such as the Greening Camps and research stations will use bamboo, hemp and other key plants extensively to improve soil quality and water quality. Various greenhouses and research fields can be established together with the camps for education, research and product development, the projects also serve the climate, nature and environmental protection. At each camp can be special biotopes, botanical gardens, greenhouses and parks for endangered species – especially for cultivating or saving plants, insects and other animals of each climate zone or region.
The groundwater, global waters and water circle can be improved by sustainable hemp cultivation, ecological agriculture, organic farming and innovative water management. Only natural fertilizers will be used and pesticides are avoided, there are many good alternatives. Different bamboo and hemp sorts can be used in almost every climate and under all possible conditions or events. Global hemp cultivation can really contribute to climate, soil and water improvement as well as for a better cultivation of crops and a variety of afforestation or reforestation. The founder and project developer of Greening Camp projects has been developing these innovative and sustainable solutions for years. Climate protection, nature conservation, species protection and plant science are a few of the primary tasks.

Since the Greening Deserts Masterplan in 2017 many of the innovative ideas, developments and solutions have been presented and realized – not only in relation to open-cast mines, open-pit mines and surface mining. Through connected projects, most developments and ideas have been established internationally, even if only conceptually or theoretically. Many of the developments or products can be realized with hemp, e.g. hemp books, papers, nets, tarpaulins, ropes, textiles, packaging materials and other hemp products. Hemp fibers have been used for many centuries in fishery and shipping because of their flexibility, tear resistance and resilience. Nowadays, there are well over 50,000 industrial hemp applications, but far too few are really used. That is why many of the most useful applications are analyzed with the greening and research camps and applied accordingly. Hemp paper, hemp wood and hemp plastic are interesting products, so like the ingredients CBD, THC, etc. – not just for science. Industrial hemp can be used for hemp paper and hemp packaging, saving more trees and forests and reducing global deforestation. It could even reduce the plastic waste, especially the plastic bags. In this relation is the hemp cultivation not just interesting for developing countries with soil and water problems like in Africa, it also has enourmous potential for European countries and whole Europe who missed many of these developments.

Hemp papers and hemp books are the future.

More information about hemp plants and hemp paper:

For about 12,000 years people have been using the raw material. Hemp paper was invented in China over 2,000 years ago and reached Europe in the 13th century. For 500 years it was the most widely used raw material in papermaking. Hemp books such as the Gutenberg Bible and other well-known works were printed on hemp papers. Hemp paper is much more stable and durable than wood paper. Hemp paper books last much longer and do not turn yellow fast. Hemp fibers are naturally lighter than wood fibers. Hemp is therefore better suited for paper production than wood.

The cannabis or hemp plant produces several times higher yields than trees in terms of cultivated area and growing time. One hectare of hemp field can replace about 120 hectares of trees. Sustainability, the forest conservation or preservation of the forests, as well as the improvement of the soils, are further advantages of hemp production. In principle, almost all varieties can be used for hemp cultivation. Particularly suitable for hemp fiber production is high-growth industrial hemp. Depending on the variety, hemp plants can grow several meters in just three to four months.
Hemp leaves an optimal field or soil for subsequent plants. According to farmers and hemp farmers, a wheat or potato field can produce up to 20% more yield in the following year. The hemp plant is therefore a perfect catch crop and is also very well suited as a bio fertilizer. In some regions even two harvests per year are possible. Hemp is the ideal plant for ecological and organic farming or sustainable agriculture. In Germany, hemp is not allowed to grow for everyone. The cultivation of hemp is just allowed with certain permits and only for certain agricultural companies. All other companies in agriculture are not allowed to grow hemp, not even private or forestry organisations. This clearly contradicts the positive qualities and benefits for the environment, nature, medicine and society.


Further ecological and economic advantages of the raw material hemp:

  • Hemp is very undemanding and grows on almost any soil, the root system loosens up the soil.

  • Hemp plants are very resistant to fungal attacks.

  • Hemp cultivation creates a slightly wetter climate, hemp fields support biodiversity, especially with respect to insects.

  • Hemp plants suppress weeds and improve the soil climate.

  • Hemp can clean up poisoned soils, sometimes even from some heavy metals.

  • The hemp blossom has many valuable ingredients.

  • The hemp plant can be fully utilized, including the foliage, flowers, seeds and stems. There are thousands of applications and products, e.g. hemp tea, hemp oil, hemp paper, hemp textiles or hemp fabrics.

  • Hemp fibers are very resistant and therefore usable in many areas.

  • Hemp fibers are among the most stable natural fibers in the world.

  • Hemp paper can be recycled more often than wood paper, almost every type of paper and cardboard can be made from hemp.

  • Hemp books, magazines and newspapers are the future!

More information you can find on the Hemp Papers project pages.

Please care the soil not just on the World Soil Day on 5th December, care it everyday like your fresh water. If we care more about our soils we care more about ourselfs, our planet Earth and the humanity. The Latin name for man, humans or homo, derived from humus.

Interesting quotes:

About a third of the world’s soil has already been degraded. Soils are the basis of life, ninety five percent of our food comes from the soil. – Maria-Helena Semedo

A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people. – Franklin D. Roosevelt

A tree’s most important means of staying connected to other trees is a “wood wide web” of soil fungi that connects vegetation in an intimate network that allows the sharing of an enormous amount of information and goods. – Tim Flannery

Collaboration has no hierarchy. The Sun collaborates with soil to bring flowers on the earth. – Amit Ray

Civilization has its roots in the soil. Each soil has had its own history. Like a river, a mountain, a forest, or any natural thing, its present condition is due to the influences of many things and events of the past. – Charles Kellogg

The Earth and soil is the basis of all life, even on the deep undergrounds of the oceans. The deforestation, land degradation and the pollution of air, water and soils by humans is responsible for many climate changes, human-made global warming and even a mass extinction in only 100 years! If humanity will fail to save and protect the most important species, the endangered and keystone species, the human species will also die out – maybe also in just 100 years. – Gediminas Caplikas

History is largely a record of human struggle to wrest the land from nature, because man relies for sustenance on the products of the soil. So direct, is the relationship between soil erosion, the productivity of the land, and the prosperity of people, that the history of mankind, to a considerable degree at least, may be interpreted in terms of the soil and what has happened to it as the result of human use. – Hugh Hammond Bennett

If we pollute the air, water and soil that keep us alive and well, and destroy the biodiversity that allows natural systems to function, no amount of money will save us. – David Suzuki

I saw all the people hustling early in the morning to go into the factories and the stores and the office buildings, to do their job, to get their check. But ultimately it’s not office buildings or jobs that give us our checks. It’s the soil. The soil is what gives us the real income that supports us all. – Ed Begley, Jr.

It helps to think of soil as a living organism covered with skin like a human. We can live with a certain percentage of our skin damaged, but if too high a percentage is damaged, we die. So, too, does soil and thus most life. – Allan Savory

People in cities may forget the soil for as long as a hundred years, but Mother Nature’s memory is long and she will not let them forget indefinitely. – Henry A. Wallace

Soil is not usually lost in slabs or heaps of magnificent tonnage. It is lost a little at a time over millions of acres by the careless acts of millions of people. It cannot be saved by heroic feats of gigantic technology, but only by millions of small acts and restraints, conditioned by small fidelities, skills, and desires. Soil loss is ultimately a cultural problem; it will be corrected only by cultural solutions. – Wendell Berry

Soil organic matter sustains agriculture, which sustains civilization. Soil organic matter generates and regulates every ecosystem service that sustains life on earth. Topsoil loss in excess of topsoil formation has been the defining characteristic of agriculture. The rapid formation of carbon-rich topsoil is the greatest priority and opportunity of our time. If you harvest a crop you are removing nutrients from that ecosystem – for sustainable production they need to be replaced.

Standing on soil feels so much different than standing on city pavement; it lets you look inward and reflect and see who you really are, while you see a beautiful, unspoiled land as far as the eye can see. It allows your inner life to grow. – Ricardo Montalban

The only truly dependable production technologies are those that are sustainable over the long term. By that very definition, they must avoid erosion, pollution, environmental degradation, and resource waste. Any rational food-production system will emphasize the well-being of the soil-air-water biosphere, the creatures which inhabit it, and the human beings who depend upon it. – Eliot Coleman

The fate of the soil system depends on society’s willingness to intervene in the market place, and to forego some of the short-term benefits that accrue from ‘mining’ the soil so that soil quality and fertility can be maintained over the longer term. – Eugene Odum

The soil is the great connector of lives, the source and destination of all. It is the healer and restorer and resurrector, by which disease passes into health, age into youth, death into life. Without proper care for it we can have no community, because without proper care for it we can have no life. – Wendell Berry

Understanding is the soil in which grow all the fruits of friendship. – Woodrow Wilson

We must come to understand our past, our history, in terms of the soil and water and forests and grasses that have made it what it is. – William Vogt

Greening Deserts Sustainable Projects Summary:

Greening Deserts projects are cultural, economic, educational, scientific, social and sustainable projects in the field of horticulture, hydroponics, sustainable agriculture and ecological forestry – but also in the fields of clean technology, green technologies and renewable energy such as solar, water and wind energy. Electricity access, availability and reliability together with energy efficiency will be optimized at the greening and research camps. The focus is on education, sustainable developments and scientific research. Conservation, environmental protection and species protection plays a very important role, too. Main goals of the projects are to reduce deforestation, desertification, pollution and global warming on a large scale. Goals are also to improve the energy and food security, to offer innovative management, ecosystem and greening services. The projects will reform the agriculture and forestry with Ecofarming, Ecoforestry and Permaculture methods, technics and techniques. The projects can include each region and nation in the process, especially in relation to Cleantech, Greentech, environmental protection, a real Sustainable Infrastructure and Sustainable Investments – Green Finance and Sustainable Finance. The worldwide cleaning and greening process can accelerate the global peace building process siginificantly.

More articles and news will come! Feel free to comment and to add interesting quotes to the topics.

Sustainable Investment in CleanTech GreenTech Education and Green Finance

Invest in true values like education, health, humanity, nature and sustainability.

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming, to improve healthy environments, agriculture and forestry. Also for urban areas, city forests and gardens – especially community and rooftop gardens. They are good to cool down urban areas and filter the air. @Urban GreeningRooftop Greening, Community Gardening and City Farming (City Nursery)!

We can start primarly in the countries where we get the best, fastest and most support, also financially. The goal is to establish Research and Greening Camps for drylands and wastelands, especially in African and Arabic nations. We want to connect them during the years and bring the nations together, also by connected megaprojects like the third Great Green Wall Project, the Green Ring Africa Platform (coastal greening), the Greenhouse Ship and Greening Coasts project. At the Frankfurt Book Fair and during the years we exchanged and talked a lot with many awesome people around the world. Exchanged and invited many ambassadors, ministers, trade commissioners, scientists and experts to join our campaigns, initiatives and projects – especially the 100 Billion Trees project and the Trillion Trees Campaign! If each nation would plant a billion trees minimum during the next years we maybe can cool down the planet and really reach some of the climate goals.

Healthy and natural environments are the best for health! That’s why Greening Deserts projects want to create and restore healthy environments worldwide. By the way, trees and many plants produce not just fresh air and water, they provide food and are the best medicine or health therapy. Clean air, water and a healthy environment are Human Rights!

To support the greening and forestation process, we want to develop seeding and greening drones, for larger areas we can use solar planes. It’s one of the first projects we will start at the first Greening Camp next year. The drones are mainly for greening drylands and wastelands fast and efficient, they are also good to improve the diversity of existing areas and forests. To reduce paper and wood waste we not just recommend recycled papers and produce on demand technologies, we started two projects to save the forests, too. Hemp Papers and Hemp Houses was founded during the last year. We will produce a lot of hemp during the greening process and can deliver a lot of raw materials for innovative paper, carton packaging and building products (like hemp bricks, press plates and OSB-boards). Because hemp is one of our key plants for the greening projects, so we can offer this resource for hemp product producers, the book, paper, packaging and building industry. Investors and strong future partners are welcome to join us in the early stage with green finance and seed capital.

You can download the article: Greening Deserts Sustainable Investment in CleanTech GreenTech Education and GreenFinance

Greening Deserts Master Plan for a Fast Coal Exit and to Reduce Global Warming

Greening Deserts don’t just worked out a Business Plan and Master Plan for a fast coal exit and sustainable agriculture, greening and forestation in open cast mining deserts like in Germany. The plans are for all other dry and barren landscapes, too. The concepts also work for concrete or desert cities and urban areas. Greening and research camps can be build in each country or nation who need fast and sustainable land regeneration and revegetation. With our methods and techniques we can produce fast top soil layers and clean filtered water. Subsoiling and repairing damages to the soil we can do with special plants (top soil producers and deep rooters). Desert bamboo and other pioneer plants can loosening any dry and barren soil in just a few years. After the first year, trees and soil producing plants like hemp can be planted between the pioneer plants – who dropping shadow and holding the water in the ground. Bamboo groves, woods and forests holding enourmous amounts of water. The greening camps nearby waters like lakes, rivers, seas and oceans will study and research on advanced and new irrigation, water filtering and desalination methods. Water research and improvement is a very important field of Greening Deserts research projects. With all our sustainable projects it’s really possible to reduce the global warming to a significant level.

The concepts and master plans of Greening Deserts don’t covering only the thematics conservation, ecology, education, environmental protection, cultural and economical issues, but also social and scientific topics like the migration caused by global warming and human-made climate change. Most of the refugees are climate change refugees, leaving their countries because of land degeneration and desertification. These real causes of migration must be solved at the roots in all these poor nations. Fight the true causes of poverty not the symptoms. Worked years on these themes and wrote many articles about. Together with the master plan many good and innovative solutions are ready to be realised. Regreen or recultivate Africa and MENA region, especially East and North Africa to stop the main causes of migration. And we ask again, why refugee camps have no or just less greenhouses and gardens. There are so many cheap and mobiles greenhouses, so like greenhouse, solar and water producing containers.

Greening Deserts analyzing, researching and documenting innovative and problematic developments for years – especially in the energy, agriculture and science sectors. But it’s not just about the problems, we also developed or researched sustainable and real good solutions – and world innovations @Greening Coasts, Greenhouse Ship, Green Ring Africa, Great Green Wall North Africa,.. Climate, nature and environmental protection plays a special role here. Everyone should have noticed the extreme climate or weather in Germany and Europe, especially the floods, droughts and heat waves. Those who continue to ignore all these facts, especially those responsible in industry and government, are responsible for the consequences of climate change and the consequences of global warming. They are also responsible for all the millions of climate refugees and deaths who suffer or die each year from extreme drought and air pollution. The main causes or culprits are cattle breeding, meat production, the car industry, the coal industry, the arms industry and the armaments industry, but also the responsible policy. Every year, billions (unfortunately also much taxpayers money) are wasted in these areas. For example, at least half (such as food) is not needed or consumed – a massive logistics and over-production problem. Precious foods (such as corn) that are gasified or burned for energy production are not a good solution, especially if rainforests are cut down for them – see Brazil, Germany and the energy maize.

The time to act is now, we are tired of waiting years over years that the responsibles in Europe finally support us and our innovative ideas or developments actively and financially – especially since many responsibles were informed. How said, the master plan is ready since last year! You can download on our pages.

Please support our innovative, social and sustainable projects for a better and greener world. It’s your planet and your future, too! Help nature and planet earth with all the different life forms or species to regenerate and to survive. Care the endangered species before they die out, caused mainly by deforestation. Reduce and stop this madness, because there are enough alternatives to wood and classic paper like grass, hemp and rice straw paper. Help us to plant millions or even billions of trees in future. Forests are the true cloud and rain makers, if the forests are back, water and wildlife will come back.

To all the politics and responsibles (Coal Commission, etc.), start finally to act and replace the dirty coal!

Don’t talk, plant trees and realise more sustainable energies.

LE Palms Leipzig Palm Platform and Online Portal Leipzig

Today is a very special day. Greening Deserts is proud to announce the first palm nursery and tree nursery, for important and rare endangered plants, in Leipzig. We will plant and research also other crops for advanced plant biology, usefull essences, medical substances, biomass and material science.

LE PALMS (Leipzig Palms), the official palm platform, portal, forum and group for palms was founded last year. The page and shop is ready and in progress. We want to open the first palm café, lounge and palm shop in Leipzig, Saxony. In relation to the greening and research camp in the area of Leipzig we can use a greenhouse and part of the camp for the palm cultivation. Since years we have the idea to launch an extra palm garden and palm shop with café directly in Leipzig. (Palm Café Leipzig).

LE Palms is a new platform and portal for palms, especially for Africa, Europe and Middle East. We want to establish primarly world famous and usefull palms in Europe. Building palm gardens, parks, woods and forests together with European palm societies. Everyone is invited to join our palm tree, greening and plant community. Stay tuned for more news and updates. Visit the official pages for more information. http://www.lepalms.eu

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming on a large scale. And Greening Deserts projects arn’t just for deserts or dry landscapes (drylands or wastelands), they are also good for urban regions. Greening camps in cities could build gardens, parks, woods and forests in urban areas (Urban Greening). The projects could have a very positive and big impact on many important sectors. With the right financial support, sustainable fundings or investments the projects could be realised fast and efficient.

Mammoth Tree Project for Leipzig Saxony Germany Europe and Africa

Greening Deserts started a mammoth project or campaign for our lovely hometown Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. It’s called 1000 Mammoth Trees for Leipzig. Of course we will plant much more, but we want to show that it is possible to plant 1000 trees in a day or during a week very easily. It’s much love, time and work around. Because some tree species like the giant Sequoia and Taxodium tree need a special cold treatment – we and nature have done the last weeks and months. Now we are ready to go and to grow it. The biggest Taxodium tree stands in Mexico. In 2005, its trunk had a circumference of 42 m, equating to a diameter of 14 m.

Taxodium trees in the area of Leipzig have a long history and goes back millions of years. It was one of the most widespreaded trees in the marshlands of Leipzig region. This mammoth-like tree and wood was highly sought after and expensive, that’s why this tree was felled massively. In Germany this tree is very rare and endangered. Greening Deserts projects will establish this tree again and plant millions of them in whole Europe. We want to establish this ancient tree again in the floodplain forests and lakeland region around Leipzig, but also in marshlands in Lithuania. You can help to plant them out this year. Follow or like the page to get news and updates about this campaign. Everybody is welcome to support us on the mission for real and sustainable conservation and environmental protection.

For drylands or wastelands we have also mammoth trees like the Taxodium mucronatum of Mexico and Adansonia trees of Africa. After years of plant research and studying the plant databases of Africa we found countless (also forgotten) plants are good to recultivate in grasslands, savannahs or even in deserts. Special desert plants like some ultraresistent bamboo sorts will help with soil loosening and subsoiling. Together with awesome plant mixes we can produce topsoil everywhere fast and efficient. That’s why we want to start also a greening- and research camp in the open-pit desert in the surface mining or post-mining landscape around Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. Of course these greening camps can be started in African and European countries with deserts, drylands or wetlands like in France or Spain.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxodium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxodium_distichum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoiadendron_giganteum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Árbol_del_Tule
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adansonia

Reduce global warming, negative human-made climate changes and plant more diverse parks, woods and forests – for better air quality and save CO2. Cool down urban areas with Urban Greening projects and establish more city forests. Support Greening Deserts to regreen and to recultivate native plants, especially endangered and forgotten species – wildlife and even extincted lifeforms maybe will come back if we all create more natural spaces and establish more wildlife sanctuaries.

Never underestimate the energies and forces of nature. Over time, nature takes everything back or balancing the environment worldwide. What we do to nature we do ourselves. Those who are committed to nature, the environment and a better climate, are committed to their own lives – even if it is not easy in this wasteful, consumer-crazy and destructive society. Just think of all the toxins and pollutants in the environment and the enormous destruction of nature, which was and is caused by the automotive, coal and heavy industry but also by the consumers. Everyone is a part responsible and should think more about – and then act especially! Less (plastic packaging, energy and food waste) is more.. money and a clean environment for all – by the way, clean air is a human right.

Thanks California and Canada for the mammoth tree inspiration, in memories to the wonderful redwoods.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redwood_(disambiguation)

Around six trees will fix 1 tonne of CO2!

https://treesforlife.org.uk/plant-trees/becoming-carbon-conscious

Greening Deserts Projects Want to Plant over 100 Billion Trees Worldwide

One goal of Greening Deserts projects is to plant over 100 billion trees worldwide, especially in Europe and Africa during the next years. Together with the nations and awesome projects like the Great Green Wall, Great Green Wall North Africa, The Green Belt Movement and the Trillion Trees Campaign we can reach the goal fast and efficient.
Alone the Sahara is an area of 9,500,000 square kilometres, this is equal 950,000,000 ha (950 million hectares). If we plant trees just on 10% of this area we could convert 95 million hectares dry and barren wasteland into fertile landscapes. We want to establish greening camps and connect schools, universities and other institutions to the Greening Deserts projects and partner programs. A broad education and culture is very important for the projects. With active participation and real support of the concerned regions and financial help of all nations and goverments we can start with first preperations still this year and in 2018 on site – and see first results still that year. With our worldwide greening and forestation (afforestation and reforestation) projects we can reduce global warming significantly. To cool down cities and urban areas (Global Cooling), more parks and green roofs (rooftop greening) are required.

Here are some interesting articles about similar projects:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/felix-finkbeiner-plant-for-the-planet-one-trillion-trees

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/brazil-begins-effort-plant-73-million-trees-amazon-180967086

http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/new-zealand/2017/10/one-billion-tree-target-will-take-huge-commitment.html

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/india-plant-66-million-trees-12-hours-environment-campaign-madhya-pradesh-global-warming-climate-a7820416.html

https://www.treehugger.com/environmental-policy/india-plant-2-billion-trees-along-its-highways.html

https://www.voanews.com/a/one-billion-trees-planted-in-pakistan-nw-province/3983609.html

https://www.nature.com/news/global-count-reaches-3-trillion-trees-1.18287

Top 10 countries with largest forest areas 2017:
1. Russia – 814 million hectares of native forest.
2. Brazil – 493 million hectares of native forest.
3. Canada – 347million hectares of native forest.
4. USA – 310 million hectares of native forest.
5. China – 208 million hectares of native forest.
6. Congo – 152 million hectares of native forest.
7. Australia – 123 million hectares of native forest.
8. Indonesia – 91 million hectares of native forest.
9. Peru – 73 million hectares of native forest.
10. India – 70 million hectares of native forest.

And European countries like Germany?

It doesn’t matter how much trees you plant, a million, billion or trillion trees – each action in this direction counts. Support sustainable greening projects for a greener and better future for us all!

Greening Camps and Research Projects for Surface Mining Deserts – Concept and Study for Opencast Mine and Post-Mining Landscapes

Excerpt of the Business Plan and Master Plan 2 in german language: Greening and Research Camps for Surface Mining Deserts: Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes. – This is a pre-release published on 31 October 2017, Reformation Day in Germany.

Desert research, research and development of sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural industries are the primary fields of the concept and greening deserts projects. The greening and research camp with a greenhouse, office or laboratory containers or tents for the research and development of greening and irrigation methods is the primary objective for open pit mines. Secondary objectives, such as sustainable recreational use and tourism offers, can be realized during the operation over the years and are not necessary for the successful start of the research project and base camp in the opencast mining area or a post-mining landscape. This also eliminates all associated conditions, provisions and legal regulations, since for the time being no public recreational use or tourism operation takes place. Nevertheless, forward-looking considerations and planning approaches as well as extensive points on the areas or topics were worked out and summarized in this concept. Greening Deserts projects are always planned as long-term and sustainable as possible.

Further tasks and goals of the projects are the education, research and realization of a sustainable greening, management and cultivation of all kinds of poor, barren and dry areas, landscapes (drylands) or regions. That’s why the main project u.a. Greening Deserts, which treats not only typical deserts but all types of deserts, including open-pit deserts, concrete or urban deserts. This can all be done with suitable greening and research camps, wards and centers. In this work and in the concept possibilities and ways of doing so are analyzed and discussed on the example of research and greening camps for opencast deserts, mining landscapes or post-mining landscape landscapes. The research camp should be an encounter, education and communication platform in post-mining landscapes, internally for experts, experts and scientists, and in future also publicly for all possible visitors.

For a start, the greening, nature and research projects focus on nature experiences, important experience and research in the particular area or terrain. Everything is analyzed, documented and informed about interesting findings and developments. In the course of the project, interested and competent bodies or persons will be communicated – via existing and new networks, and then on site as well. In addition to well-known environmental education instruments and programs, the active experience of nature and creative forms of exploration and experimentation should also be researched and developed. Particular attention is paid to the practice-oriented work, if possible outdoors. The motto is: away from unhealthy, artificial working and living spaces. Out of sterile offices or laboratories. Out of the house or city, work and live in healthy habitats, in a positive environments of true and true nature or natural environment.

Extensive research results, discoveries, developments and experiences in all mentioned areas of projects can be exchanged and compared with international institutions and scientific institutions. Most of the information and results are publicly or online available and will be published according to their level of development or needs. This will further enhance development and processes and can really help problem areas and poor countries (Third World / Emerging Countries). The research results, experiences and insights form a cornerstone for space gardening or space research in relation to professional greenhouse management, even for desert planets such as Mars. Also interesting would be a Mars Research Station for surface mining or post-mining landscapes. For this reason, with sufficient financial support or funding, further developments and research should be carried out, such as hydroponics, such as aquaponics or hydroponics, solar greenhouses and special biospheres.

During the first years additional places, paths and paths for recreational activities or recreational activities such as hiking and cycling can be planned and set up. For this purpose, with sufficient resources extra vantage points, experience rooms, rest areas, shelters, actuation and art objects can be realized. This is very good due to a strong presence and good contacts.. Further information (texts, pictures, lists, tables, etc.) in the concept or appendix. This concept, scientific study, market analysis and master plan was writen by Oliver Gediminas Caplikas.

Socioeconomic Aspects and Factors of Greening and Desert Research in Surface Mining Deserts

Historical and cultural information on the past of the landscape and its use, also before the industrial mining period, are offered in the research camp as well as on corresponding pages on the Internet. Products such as books, pictures, photographs, films, works of art and antiques can be offered in a separate shop. Many socioeconomic factors and, above all, commercial aspects are in the area of ​​health care, recreation, sports and tourism. There are many commercial and economic effects in terms of income sources, employment and multipliers.

Other aspects:

  • Annual analysis and adaptation of the target groups, needs and interests of the visitors and / or customers with regard to the new mountain landscape landscapes (BFL) or lake landscapes
  • Direct and indirect employment and income effects, sales and profits through the sustainable management of opencast mining and mining landscapes
  • Marketing, merchandising and promotion on all possible channels, networks and platforms in German and English
  • Sustainable and forward-looking planning for the consumer and tourism sector
  • Bringing to the landscape dynamics and development in all its facets, showing the natural development processes of the landscape and vegetation
  • Use of local conditions and natural developments for unique natural experiences and experiences in the daytime landscape
  • Improvement of the image of the former day building landscape, elucidation of current, completed and future transformation or transformation processes
  • Arrangement of inexpensive tours and courses (for example, adventure walks, boat trips, bike tours) to the various natural themes, especially on the subject of nature conservation and natural forces

Financing can be provided through various sources of finance, such as crowding, capital, capital, investment capital, credit, venture capital (venture capital), private and public funding. The best is a good mix of uncomplicated and different financing, especially if there is enough evidence of efficiency and feasibility. Similar and successful concepts, feasibility studies and market analyzes in the relevant areas can make financing much easier. Profitable, long-term or future-oriented business ideas and concepts are often financed quickly. Unique features and strong references promote successful funding for new start-ups, start-ups, projects or existing companies.

There are many other social and economic (sociocultural) aspects or topics on greening and desert exploration in opencast mining deserts. These are extensively analyzed and processed with the Greening Deserts research projects. Read more on the official pages and in the masterplan: “Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes“.

 

Further Goals and Ideas for the Effective, Sustainable and Fast Cultivation of Surface Mining Landscapes

In this article, further approaches and ideas for naturalization, rehabilitation, cultivation and recultivation will be presented in relation to all responsible persons and within the scope of the greening and research projects for surface mining or post-mining landscapes.

An important goal for opencast mine and post-mining landscapes or lakelands is the production of a balanced, stable and clean water balance as well as a good soil quality. The following points must be observed:

  • Balancing the nutrient and pollutant content through filter systems and regulating the oxygen content by means of ventilation and circulation. This can also be achieved by integration into irrigation systems on land and with suitable plants, water plants and microorganisms
  • Compliance with limit values ​​and reduction if possible, for example noise level, loads and pollutants in surface mining or post-mining landscapes
  • Comprehensive investigation, research and use of hitherto unknown methods of detoxification or cleaning and regulation, including the improvement of groundwater and soil
  • Efficient fieldwork and advanced field research
  • Exploration of further methods of improving soil and water quality, feasibility studies and weighing efficiency / benefits
  • Achieve good water quality according to the EU Bathing Water Directive
  • Encourage or support the self-cleaning of surface mining lakes
  • Promotion of the settlement of endangered animal and plant species by the establishment, extension and maintenance of free, undeveloped nature reserves
  • Research on improved methods of colonization and propagation of endangered species, the creation of suitable habitats and zoological gardens or parks
  • Counteracting or reducing the entrophy and acidification of lakes and groundwater
  • Monitoring of soils and water bodies using appropriate instruments
  • Long-term planning and annual adjustment of the design concept as well as the renovation plans
  • Subsequent integration of visitors from all areas into the entire process, providing exploratory tours and hands-on workshops in the research camp and secured terrain
  • Shore and embankment protection as well as appropriate coastal greening should be preferred to pure gravel or sandy beaches
  • Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events

Responsible organizations, institutions and persons must comply with the laws, regulations and guidelines, and must regularly prove this, if possible every year.

A good example of waterborne and aftercare is described in the “Sustainable recreational use and tourism in post-mining landscapes”. Here is an excerpt:

“Water maintenance is the task of preserving or restoring the functionality of the water bed including the shores to the top of the slope. This also includes the ecological and land-cultural function of water bodies, in particular

(1) the conservation and restoration of a native plant and animal population in natural diversity;

(2) the maintenance and improvement of the self-cleaning capacity, unless other are required to do so;

(3) the maintenance, cleansing and clearing of the waters and shores as far as is necessary;

(4) the keeping of the waters and its banks of pests;

5. the removal of solid substances from or from the waters of the waters, in so far as is necessary in the public interest. “

Documentations and information on the cultural, settlement, social and economic history of the region can be processed in various forms or varieties in the future, eg in tourist offers. This includes, for example, the expansion of the leisure activities and the program by means of landscape-related sports and games. These include, for example, Fitness facilities and activities, motor sports, mountain biking, aerial sports, water sports, winter sport and new sporting activities – all with the best possible connection to nature and nature conservation. In the future real recreational parks can be developed and built with a real relationship with nature.

Cultural, Social and Economic Aspects for Greening of Surface Mining Landscapes

On the pages of Greening Deserts and in the entire concept, cultural, social, economic and scientific aspects of professional greening and research projects for mining, surface mining and post-mining landscapes are described. Important and additional points are summarized here.

  • Agriculture, sustainable farming and agricultural forestation or agroforestry are important research fields
  • Establishment and development of a professional network with experts in the fields of culture, business and science – especially in the field of nature conservation, sustainable greening, agriculture, forestry and greenhouse management
  • Development and offer of an extensive sociocultural program with art and music, free of charge and paid
  • Offer and sale of natural products (medicines and crops) and services, see concept and section ‘Services’
  • Exhibitions from and for art, not just landscape art
  • Involvement of artists and works of art in the landscape and processes
  • Introduction of landscape planning, nature conservation and socioeconomic areas or fields by integrating suitable and interested institutions, organizations and partners as well as persons and associations with potential or professional competence
  • Promotion of the recultivation and rehabilitation of opencast mining areas for a better future use, sustainable nature conservation, cultural, social and economic purposes in connection with the respective municipalities and regions
  • Integration of schools, universities and other educational institutions in the development and development process, but also through extra programs, guided tours, trainings, workshops and events
  • Sustainable landscaped recreational use, national and international tourism with the best possible natural experience, cultural and artistic life experience
  • Sustainable and economical management, optimization and improvement of the energy industry
  • Use and adaptation of conditions and properties of opencast mining deserts for realistic desert exploration, especially in the summer
  • Continuous research and development of forms or techniques of greenhouse, forestry and agriculture
  • Development and research of wind, water and solar systems within the framework of the research projects

Further points and extensive information on the topics are extensively described in the master plan “Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes“.

Download PDF: Cultural, Social and Economic Aspects for Greening of Surface Mining Landscapes

Development of Sustainable and Diverse Cultural Landscapes in Surface Mining Areas

The Greening Deserts projects focus on sustainability and diversity, especially for greening and research camps in surface mining landscapes. The projects act lawful and forward-looking in the context of the experiences, possibilities and knowledge. Here are some important points.

  • Vote and exchange with the relevant authorities, such as the nature conservation authority
  • Other good or potential cultures, international developments and projects should also be integrated, through exchanging and sharing of experiences, research and development of better or new greening procedures and cultivation of potential crops for land and water
  • Offers of social and cultural programs, guided tours, trainings, workshops and events
  • Processing and offering a comprehensive sociocultural program with art and music, free of charge and paid
  • Exhibitions from and for art, not just landscape art
  • Observation, integration and creation of traditional cultural landscapes in post-mining landscapes, for example through typical healthy vegetation (mixed forests) and species diversity (diversity)
  • Promoting the cultivation of flowering plants and protection of insects
  • Botanical gardens or parks with plants and animals from all over the world can be integrated very well into extraneous natural areas or landscapes
  • A good idea is to establish the allotment gardens (allotments) in opencast mining or surface mining landscapes
  • Integration of schools, universities and other educational institutions in the developments and development processes
  • Sustainable landscape and nature oriented recreation for national and international tourism with the best possible natural experience, cultural and artistic life experience
  • Creating lakes and water reservoirs by flooding surface mining holes, dips or valleys
  • Cultivation of agricultural or cultivated crops like bamboo, potatoes, hemp or cannabis – they are great plants for top soil production
  • Connection of culture and nature with relation to forestry and agriculture
  • Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events

In the case of extensive interventions in the landscape and nature (protective goods such as nature reserves), an environmental impact assessment (EIA) is prepared, although this is usually only necessary if a spatial planning or planning procedure is necessary. The assessment of environmental impact should be carried out not only voluntarily and for the site search, but also for all projects which could have a significant impact on the protection of the protected goods.

Coastal Greening or Desert Greening at coasts of lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. @GreeningCoasts

Greening Camps for Opencast Mining Landscapes Like in Leipzig Region Germany

Today we want to write about a special Greening Deserts project we started for opencast mining landscapes. Since years we think about greening camps and professional greenhouses for dry and barren landscapes like in opencast mines. We started to work on or planning an extra research camp at the opencast mine and new lakeland nearby Leipzig, Markkleeberg and Zwenkau. We informed all responsible institutions, regional, national and Europe-wide – so far and good we could with our projects.

Opportunities, innovations and  positive developments of Greening Deserts projects are proved and documented. It is very important and urgent that the projects get all help or support so fast as possible to reduce negative Climate Change, Desertification and Global Warming by professional greening and forestation. The projects are not just for climate protection, they are also good for educational, cultural, social and scientific purposes. With the right financial support we can finaly build up the company or project structure, build a team and the first greening camp. Calling now again for international help.

Waiting and waiting for real active support (especially financial) over a year now!

Hope the times will change and people wake up finaly, especially the responsibles.