Category Archive Agriculture

Climate Camp in Leipzig Region for Fast Coal Exit and to Save Towns like Pödelwitz

Greening Deserts visited the climate camp Klimacamp Leipziger Land in Pödelwitz and exchanged with many awesome people about climate changes, coal, environment, environmental protection, conservation, nature, system changes and a lot of alternatives and solutions for a fast and efficient coal exit. It’s not just possible but urgent to save the environment, animals, humans, plants and all life forms from extinction, especially in the concerned regions.
Coal mining, burning or coal-fired generation causing a massive toxification of air, soils and water. The air pollution going around the world and like global warming it affects all humans and nations around the world. Mostly the poor people or communities suffer the most, because the coal industries destroying also their environments, even if they are on the other side of the world. This is not just unfair, it’s against any ethical and moral principles. It’s also a crime against humanity and violating many Fundamental Rights and Human Rights! Where is the justice and true rule of law.

Another massive problem with the coal is the radiation. The Swiss environmental network and BUND Germany published important articles and scientific reports about this issue: “Coal mining produces radioactive excavated material, mine water and radioactive particulate matter that is released into the environment. Coal transport with uncovered railway wagons also contributes to further distribution. If the coal is burned, the radioactive substances with the ashes get into the environment. Although filters in large-scale plants reduce the amount of radioactive ash by 99.5 percent, certain radioactive isotopes – for example, radon, lead and polonium – are still released into the environment. They become gaseous during combustion and can therefore hardly be removed from the exhaust air. The filter dusts must be safely stored as highly hazardous waste; for example, in a repository. This is because when burning the radioactive substances accumulate in the ashes: If the burned coal contains an ash content of five percent, so at the end of the combustion, the concentration of radioactive substances massively increased..” Thorium and uranium are another nuclear waste products caused by coal mining and concentrated by coal burning, the radioactive contamination is immense.

There are not just bad news. We have seen many good developments and news in so many fields. Two important things we exchanged about was that all the good alternatives and innovative solutions should be brought together (assembled or compiled) in one overview, so that everyone can understand and work better. The other thing is that Greening Deserts overworked the concept for the greening and research camps, it would be possible to establish a permanent climate camp in each bigger mining landscape. It would be a great platform for climate researchers and also for other scientists. The coal branch could see or understand that the potentials of a fast and effective coal exit are enourmous. More and better payed jobs could be created and the profits would be multiple times higher. It’s really complete nonsense to keep on with coal mining, not just because of the reasons stated here. Keep the coal in the ground and make peace with yourself and the humanity.

To a free discussion round we exchanged with some kids about good ideas for the panel. We had the idea to establish conservation, climate and environmental protection as fixed school subject in schools, at least once a week.

Another thing is to restore and recultivate old natural German landscapes which were very important for the water cycle and balancing the climate, environment and natural processes. We want to restore for example old wetlands like were destroyed by coal mining companies or other responsibles in the region of Leipzig. The region Leipzig was moorland landscape, alluvial or floodplain forest and now it’s much dryland or artifical lakeland. We need to create much more natural habitats and reservates there, more ancient plants and trees like bald zypresses and pin oaks. You must know wetlands are and were important for carbon capture or storage, a process known as carbon sequestration, holding up to 50 times as much carbon by area as rainforests! https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/feb/03/scientists-hope-wetland-carbon-storage-experiment-is-everyones-cup-of-tea

Further information:

https://endcoal.org/health

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining

https://futurism.com/air-pollution-kills-thousands-year

https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-impacts#.W2gITN9R272

https://beyond-coal.eu/2018/05/28/health-impacts-eu-coal-power-plants

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-coal-exit-commission

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-three-lignite-mining-regions

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/air-pollution-leading-to-a-silent-genocide

https://www.politico.eu/article/air-pollution-linked-to-nearly-400000-premature-deaths

https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/leaked-germanys-planned-coal-commission-shows-little-interest-for-the-climate

https://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/npr/2018/08/06/635911260/germany-bulldozes-old-villages-for-coal-despite-lower-emissions-goals

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-other-reason-to-shift-away-from-coal-air-pollution-that-kills-thousands-every-year

https://www.pri.org/stories/2018-04-21/coal-plant-emissions-damage-infant-dna-new-study-shows

https://www.psr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/coals-assault-on-human-health.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2017-10-world-pollution-deadlier-wars-disasters.html

https://www.resilience.org/stories/2017-04-21/climate-change-genocide

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13642987.2014.914701

https://www.truthdig.com/articles/climate-change-as-genocide

..there are much more serious and scientific evidences that the air pollution caused by coal burning and coal mining kills humans, not just nearby coal-fired power plants or in coal power nations like China, USA, Russia, Poland, Germany,.. also all other nations are affected. The killing of people caused by coal burning, gasification and mining is not better than any other genocide – also if it is passive and during a long time.

Update:

Houston we have a problem!

Human-made climate changes like global warming and air pollution (actual 9 million deaths in a year) killing millions of humans yearly! By coal plant emmissions (coal burning and coal mining) and radiation of coal-fired plants and coal mines dying around a million. Is this not mass murdering or genocide? An interesting question, Human Rights organisations and international lawyers (bodies, courts, institutes and universities) for environmental rights, climate justice, business, health and Human Rights analysing and monitoring now the responsibles (key persons and companies). Special anti-corruption divisons are informed and criminal investigations will follow. Big thanks to Harvard and Washington University of Law and all the other universities with Human Rights departments who working on these issues, too.

Update 2:

To all the politics and responsibles like the Coal Commission or Coal Exit Commission, start finally to act, work transparent and present your solutions how to replace the dirty coal fast and efficient – so fast as possible, before more humans die by the air pollution! You all are responsible, too.

Current members of the German Coal Commission:

Commission leaders – Stanislaw Tillich (CDU, former state premier of lignite mining state Saxony), Matthias Platzeck (SPD, former state premier of lignite mining state Brandenburg) & Barbara Praetorius (Climate economist, former deputy director at Agora Energiewende*) & Ronald Pofalla (CDU, former Chief of the Chancellery, now board member at Deutsche Bahn)

Representatives of 8 federal ministries: economy & energy (BMWi, also hosts commission’s secretariat), environment (BMU), internal affairs (BMI, includes department for construction), labour (BMAS), transport (BMVI), finances (BMF), agriculture (BMEL) and education & research (BMBF)

Representatives of 6 federal states: North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Saarland

Three members of parliament (without voting rights): Andreas Lämmel (CDU), Andreas Lenz (CSU) and Matthias Miersch (SPD)

  • The commission additionally will have the following 24 members:
    • Jutta Allmendinger – Social Scientist, President of the WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    • Antje Grothus – Citizens‘ initiative “Buirer für Buir;” climate policy coordinator for NRW, Climate-AllianceGermany
    • Gerda Hasselfeldt – former chairwoman of CSU parliamentary group
    • Christine Herntier – Mayor of coal mining town Spremberg, spokesperson for Lusatia mayors’ association (Lausitzrunde)
    • Martin Kaiser – Executive Director Programme Greenpeace
    • Stefan Kapferer – Head of Utility Association BDEW
    • Steffen Kampeter – former state secretary in finance ministry, now Confederation of German Employers’ Association (BDA)
    • Dieter Kempf – President of industry association BDI
    • Stefan Körzell – Board member at the German Trade Union Confederation DGB
    • Michael Kreuzberg – District Administrator of western German mining region Rhein Erft Kreis
    • Felix Matthes – Research coordinator at Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)
    • Claudia Nemat- Board of Management, Deutsche Telekom
    • Kai Niebert – Sustainability Researcher, University of Zurich
    • Annekatrin Niebuhr – Researcher Empirical Labour Economics & Spatial Economics, Kiel University
    • Reiner Priggen – NRW Green Party
    • Katherina Reiche – Head of German Association of Local Utilities (VKU)
    • Gunda Röstel – Director of Local Utility Stadtentwässerung Dresden, formerly leader of the Green Party
    • Andreas Scheidt – Board member of service trade union Verdi
    • Hans Joachim Schellnhuber – Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
    • Eric Schweitzer – President of the German Chambers for Commerce and Industry (DIHK)
    • Michael Vassiliadis – Head of mining union IG BCE
    • Ralf Wehrspohn – Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems IMWS
    • Hubert Weiger – Head of Friends of the Earth Germany BUND
    • Hannelore Wodtke – Head of Citizen Group Green Future Welzow

Source: Clean Energy Wire

Extreme Weather in Germany and Europe – Extreme Drought Heat Waves and Floods

Drought and heat are also a problem for the farmers. European farms expect harvest losses of 30 to 50 percent compared to the previous year. In parts of Germany, the soil is as dry as it has been for 50 years. Extreme drought, thunderstorms and floods often occur together and can severely affect affected countries. Not only in Africa, these extreme weather conditions are increasing but also in Europe, particularly hard hit countries such as Spain and Italy, where massive forest fires and the resulting desertification increases extremely. This year, even European countries such as Germany and Poland are affected, where some regions even introduced emergency harvesting and water restrictions after the second drought. In some regions, rivers and lakes dry up, even the groundwater and drinking water is scarce. Greening Deserts has been reporting extensively on these topics for years, especially in terms of soil degradation and desertification. Large opencast mining areas (surface mining deserts), cities (concrete deserts) and urban regions also contribute to this extreme climate. Many of these consequences of man-made climate change are not exactly predictable, but can be estimated very well with today’s scientific findings in climate research. We discussed with many climate researchers, nature and environmentalists and exchanged about this problem.

Other topics such as the reform of agriculture, soil improvement and water improvement have been and will be discussed in detail. Unfortunately, we have not received any active and financial support from the responsible authorities since years. For a long time we could do research on more effective cultivation and irrigation methods with a first greening and research camp in the surface mining landscape of Leipzig (Lakeland Neuseenland) – if our inquiries and demands had been taken seriously, especially by the big parties who were informed several times. Our demands and requests for help to over 700 German foundations, especially in the field of education, nature and environmental protection were ignored or there were the usual excuses.

We hope for quick help or support, so that we can work together with all involved parties to make the coal exit and transformation of the energy industry and agriculture to clean energy and technologies (cleantech) fast and efficient. We want to cultivate bamboo, hemp and palm trees on a large scale in opencast mining areas – not just because of the benefits in these areas, but also because of new innovative developments and compensatory measures in relation to global warming. In addition, special desert plants, extremely resistant, robust and undemanding plants are explored, such as rock garden plants and desert bamboo. Thus, many useful plants for improving the quality of soil, air and water can be used not only on land, but also in urban areas and large cities. Of course we will run a diverse agriculture and gardening – this is also called ecofarming. Wild blooms and flowerbeds counteract massive bee and insect deaths or in general the massive extinction of species. As you can see Greening Deserts is not only concerned with deserts and desertification but with many other important tasks and topics. If this is not eligible .. an extensive consultation and accompaniment to appropriate funding would be really appropriate.

Read more:

https://climatenewsnetwork.net/3c-may-double-europes-drought-risk

https://www.zmescience.com/science/europe-drought-future-2427845

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/04/extreme-heat-warnings-issued-europe-temperatures-pass-40c

http://change-games.com/blog/world-biggest-problems-desertification-global-warming-and-other-negative-climate-changes

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/13/heatwave-sees-record-high-temperatures-set-around-world-this-week

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-grains-harvest/eu-baltic-sea-region-wheat-crops-suffer-from-drought-idUSKBN1JB1WA

https://www.sciencealert.com/all-time-heat-records-have-been-set-all-over-the-world-this-week-ireland-scotland-canada-middle-east-climate-change

Visit our social and scientific pages and groups for more information. You’re welcome to discuss and to exchange with us about all these topics!

Greening Deserts Master Plan for a Fast Coal Exit and to Reduce Global Warming

Greening Deserts don’t just worked out a business plan and master plan for a fast coal exit and sustainable agriculture, greening and forestation in open cast mining deserts like in Germany. The plans are for all other dry and barren landscapes, too. The concepts also work for concrete or desert cities and urban areas. Greening and research camps can be build in each country or nation who need fast and sustainable land regeneration and revegetation. With our methods and techniques we can produce fast top soil layers and clean filtered water. Subsoiling and repairing damages to the soil we can do with special plants (top soil producers and deep rooters). Desert bamboo and other pioneer plants can loosening any dry and barren soil in just a few years. After the first year, trees and soil producing plants like hemp can be planted between the pioneer plants – who dropping shadow and holding the water in the ground. Bamboo groves, woods and forests holding enourmous amounts of water. The greening camps nearby waters like lakes, rivers, seas and oceans will study and research on advanced and new irrigation, water filtering and desalination methods. Water research and improvement is a very important field of Greening Deserts research projects. With all our sustainable projects it’s really possible to reduce the global warming to a significant level.

The concepts and master plans of Greening Deserts don’t covering only the thematics conservation, ecology, education, environmental protection, cultural and economical issues, but also social and scientific topics like the migration caused by global warming and human-made climate change. Most of the refugees are climate change refugees, leaving their countries because of land degeneration and desertification. These real causes of migration must be solved at the roots in all these poor nations. Fight the true causes of poverty not the symptoms. Worked years on these themes and wrote many articles about. Together with the master plan many good and innovative solutions are ready to be realised. Regreen or recultivate Africa and MENA region, especially East and North Africa to stop the main causes of migration. And we ask again, why refugee camps have no or just less greenhouses and gardens. There are so many cheap and mobiles greenhouses, so like greenhouse, solar and water producing containers.

Greening Deserts analyzing, researching and documenting innovative and problematic developments for years – especially in the energy, agriculture and science sectors. But it’s not just about the problems, we also developed or researched sustainable and real good solutions – and world innovations @Greening Coasts, Greenhouse Ship, Green Ring Africa, Great Green Wall North Africa,.. Climate, nature and environmental protection plays a special role here. Everyone should have noticed the extreme climate or weather in Germany and Europe, especially the floods, droughts and heat waves. Those who continue to ignore all these facts, especially those responsible in industry and government, are responsible for the consequences of climate change and the consequences of global warming. They are also responsible for all the millions of climate refugees and deaths who suffer or die each year from extreme drought and air pollution. The main causes or culprits are cattle breeding, meat production, the car industry, the coal industry, the arms industry and the armaments industry, but also the responsible policy. Every year, billions (unfortunately also much taxpayers money) are wasted in these areas. For example, at least half (such as food) is not needed or consumed – a massive logistics and over-production problem. Precious foods (such as corn) that are gasified or burned for energy production are not a good solution, especially if rainforests are cut down for them – see Brazil, Germany and the energy maize.

The time to act is now, we are tired of waiting years over years that the responsibles in Europe finally support us and our innovative ideas or developments actively and financially – especially since many responsibles were informed. How said, the master plan is ready since last year! You can download on our pages.

Please support our innovative, social and sustainable projects for a better and greener world. It’s your planet and your future, too! Help nature and planet earth with all the different life forms or species to regenerate and to survive. Care the endangered species before they die out, caused mainly by deforestation. Reduce and stop this madness, because there are enough alternatives to wood and classic paper like grass, hemp and rice straw paper. Help us to plant millions or even billions of trees in future. Forests are the true cloud and rain makers, if the forests are back, water and wildlife will come back.

To all the politics and responsibles (Coal Commission, etc.), start finally to act and replace the dirty coal!

Don’t talk, plant trees and realise more sustainable energies.

Greenhouse Ship for Greening Coasts and Greening Deserts

We are proud to announce a new project and initiative for Greening Deserts projects like Greening Coasts and Greening Islands. The world’s first greenhouse ship, container ship and solar ship together in one big transport ship can deliver and transport greenhouses and equipment for professional gardening, greening, farming, forestation and other fields like solar applications or solar installations directly to areas where it’s needed. It’s a logistical and infrastructure innovation, because the ship can ship along the coastlines between the big habours of the world – you don’t must drive hundred or even thousands of kilometers from the habours to the destinations. With solar boats, drones, landing crafts and solar trucks the needed goods can delivered directly to the customers on the shortest ways, also deep into the continents. Boat landing stages are not necessary because landing crafts and small transport boats can ship directly to the coasts with fortified areas and roads nearby.

Sustainable shipping with greening ships and solar ships will change the world into a better, cleaner and greener place. Greenhouse Ships, container ships and Solar Ships could have mobile units or sections inside and outside. So you can move and exchange containers like in automated parking systems. This allows to load and unload the ship at any place of coastlines. Solar modules can be folded out and affixed with clever clip connections on the top or sides of the containers and on other free places or surfaces. A mobile floating solar field can be spread out on the water to charge the solar accumulators. Desalination of sea water is no longer a problem these days, so the greenhouse section (fixed or mobile greenhouse containers) will have fresh water and service water. 

On the official Greenhouse Ship and Solar Ships page we will report about the project development in future and also about interesting developments related to greenhouse boats and ships. Greenhouse Ship™ was founded and initiated by Oliver Gediminas Caplikas from Leipzig. http://www.greenhouseship.com

About Greening Deserts:

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming.

Further tasks and goals of the projects are the education, research and realization of a sustainable greening, management and cultivation of all kinds of poor, barren and dry areas, landscapes (drylands) or regions. That’s why the main projects of Greening Deserts treating not only typical deserts but all types of deserts, including surface mining deserts, concrete- or urban-deserts. This can all be done with suitable greening and research camps, stations or centers.

Desert research, research and development of sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural industries are the primary fields of the concept and greening deserts projects. The greening and research camp with a greenhouse, office and laboratory containers or tents for the research and development of greening and irrigation methods is the primary objective for opencast mine or post-mining landscapes. Secondary objectives, such as sustainable recreational use and tourism offers, can be realized while the operation during the years.

Greening Deserts has already applied for some idea, startup and business competitions, e.g. for the Hamburg Innovation Award, but to date no answer or any feedback.

http://www.greeningdeserts.com/Greening_Deserts_Hamburg_Innovation_Award_Ideenskizze_Auszug_Businessplan.pdf

 

 

LE Palms Leipzig Palm Platform and Online Portal Leipzig

Today is a very special day. Greening Deserts is proud to announce the first palm nursery and tree nursery, for important and rare endangered plants, in Leipzig. We will plant and research also other crops for advanced plant biology, usefull essences, medical substances, biomass and material science.

LE PALMS (Leipzig Palms), the official palm platform, portal, forum and group for palms was founded last year. The page and shop is ready and in progress. We want to open the first palm café, lounge and palm shop in Leipzig, Saxony. In relation to the greening and research camp in the area of Leipzig we can use a greenhouse and part of the camp for the palm cultivation. Since years we have the idea to launch an extra palm garden and palm shop with café directly in Leipzig. (Palm Café Leipzig).

LE Palms is a new platform and portal for palms, especially for Africa, Europe and Middle East. We want to establish primarly world famous and usefull palms in Europe. Building palm gardens, parks, woods and forests together with European palm societies. Everyone is invited to join our palm tree, greening and plant community. Stay tuned for more news and updates. Visit the official pages for more information. http://www.lepalms.eu

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming on a large scale. And Greening Deserts projects arn’t just for deserts or dry landscapes (drylands or wastelands), they are also good for urban regions. Greening camps in cities could build gardens, parks, woods and forests in urban areas (Urban Greening). The projects could have a very positive and big impact on many important sectors. With the right financial support, sustainable fundings or investments the projects could be realised fast and efficient.

World Water Day and Water Quality in Germany

Today is World Water Day! More than 1 billion people around the world have no access to safe water. Over 2 million people die each year because of unsafe water. Care about and don’t waste water. Never forget clean air, food and water are Human Rights, as well as a healthy environment. #WorldWaterDay

Greening Deserts are economical, educational, cultural, social, scientific and sustainable projects to reduce desertification and global warming. We will use filtered ocean, sea, lake or river water for sustainable irrigation and water sharing systems overground and underground. Greening Deserts projects will produce different kinds of water like process water, drinking water and fresh water.

Greening Deserts projects want to develop, reseach and work on better water processing and water management methods. We will use advanced aquaponics and hydropnics techniques. After some applications for fundings or financial support and after informing responsible German institutions like Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU) we still havn’t got any support – just excuses and promises. The ignorance of the responsibles in Germany is unacceptable. Since autumn last year we informed most of the German parties and responsible authorities, institutions and organisations that we need help and financial support. In some cases we waited over an month, got no answer or just automated e-mail answering, although we informed them many times by email and got receipts – so we know that the most got the information and requests.

The ecological status of German waters is 70 percent bad, 65 percent of the wetland habitats are in acute danger, reports the Global Nature Fund. The foundation also gives a bad prognosis for the future. Entries from agriculture and human use are, according to a recent report, the main causes of poor water quality; Micropollutants caused by drugs, hormones and microplastics would bring further risks. https://wasser-abwasser-technik.com/besorgnis-ueber-zustand-der-gewaesser-in-deutschland

More news about waters and water quality in Germany and Europe:
https://www.eea.europa.eu/airs/2017/natural-capital/copy_of_surface-waters
http://www.bpb.de/nachschlagen/zahlen-und-fakten/globalisierung/52730/wasserverbrauch
https://www.partnerfuerwasser.de/blog/water-quality-issues-in-germany-and-the-uk-similarities-and-differences
http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/fluesse-und-seen-haelfte-deutscher-gewaesser-oekologisch-verarmt-a-1151998.html
https://www.deutschlandfunknova.de/nachrichten/seen-und-fluesse-schlechter-oekologischer-zustand
http://www.sueddeutsche.de/news/wissen/umwelt-nur-jedes-13-gewaesser-indeutschland-in-gutem-oeko-zustand-dpa.urn-newsml-dpa-com-20090101-170614-99-845565
http://www.gewaesser-bewertung.de/files/170829_uba_fachbroschure_wasse_rwirtschaft_mit_anderung_bf.pdf
http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/9/8/554/pdf
http://www.lebensraumwasser.com/?p=7319

https://www.aquarium.co.za/blog/entry/11-reasons-why-wetlands-are-vital-for-humans-and-animals
https://www.ramsar.org/news/world-water-day-wetlands-discover-an-ecosystem-important-for-life
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wetland

http://worldwaterday.org/link-forests-water

For more information visit the official pages and connected project like Greening Coasts and Desert Bamboo Project. We wrote a lot about water management and improvement of water quality. http://www.greeningdeserts.com/further-goals-and-ideas-for-the-effective-sustainable-and-fast-cultivation-of-surface-mining-landscapes

..wetlands were important for carbon capture and storage, a process known as carbon sequestration, holding up to 50 times as much carbon by area as rainforests. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/feb/03/scientists-hope-wetland-carbon-storage-experiment-is-everyones-cup-of-tea

We want to restore also old wetlands like were destroyed by coal mining companies in the region of Leipzig. Support our sustainable projects for a better and greener future for us all. The time to change and to invest is now. Thank you!

World Water Day, water quality, truth, facts and reality in Germany or Europe. More information will come.

Greening Deserts Master Plan Business Plan and Finance Plan for the Coal Exit

The new Master Plan, Business Plan and Financial Plan for the Greening Deserts projects is ready after months of work. A first draft of the master plan and financial plan (budget) was pre-released in October, the complete business plan in December 2017. Both current versions in German can be downloaded here or in the download area. The professional translation into English was not possible due to other important work or projects, also because special variants of the business plan for Germany and a startup competition of start2grow were made and sent there. In the next few days, a general public version of the business plan will be put online.

Here is a short excerpt:

The first greening camp (pilot project) is planned for the opencast mining area in the Leipzig region (Lakeland) in Saxony. Preferred land or terrain are located at the Cospudener-, Markkleeberger- and Zwenkauer See. However, the project can also be realized in other opencast mining regions. Alternative locations can also be found outside of open-pit landscapes. Terrains at waters, such as rivers, lakes and seas are always prefered. Dune, coastal, field and desert research are primary fields of science. Equally important is the research and development of sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural economy in conjunction with the sciences.

The first greening and research camp with greenhouse, office and laboratory container(s) or tents should be a central meeting place and research station for all the topics and areas mentioned. Interesting insights and developments are shared with institutions and partners and published when needed. With interested and competent persons, organisations or bodies will be communicated during the project.

Communication, exchange of experience and knowledge as well as good management of innovation and knowledge are important areas for the future. The Change-, Compliance-, Decision-Making-, Risk- and Project Management plays also an important role (partly also in the initial phase). The management instruments and the organizational structure will be adjusted accordingly. With sufficient financial resources, a financial manager (alternatively CFO) and project manager will be hired as soon as possible. The tasks of the CEO as well as CTO can be taken by the founder of Greening Deserts. Extensive information is available especially in the areas of development, management, risk analysis and finance. In order to mitigate or prevent most risks from the outset, the best possible risk spreading will be established. For particularly important areas there are alternative solutions and plans.

For the company it is important to create a balanced working environment and working methods. A positive working environment, a pleasant atmosphere and relaxed interaction are fundamental principles. It is planned to work sustainable and forward-looking or proactive manner. This corporate culture should also be carried out to the world.

With serious interest in cooperations or partnerships and after concluded cooperation agreement (alternatively CDA and LoI) the current business plan, financial plan and many interesting annexes can be sent also in English. The general concept (master plans) and the business plan are constantly being developed. The internal version will not be published or otherwise published and only will be made available to future partners if there is genuine interest in collaborations or meaningful cooperations. It is a living business and master plan that is constantly expanding, improving, simplifying and evolving.

The projects can start also in countries that invest first in a big Greening Deserts camp. The time to invest is now! Help us to reduce global warming and negative human-made climate changes on a global scale.

Here is a shortened version, the first pages of the German Business Plan.

Unique Selling Points and Innovations of Greening Deserts Projects

The second Greening Deserts master plan for desert areas such as open-pit deserts is ready and of course in continuous development.

The business plan, concept and study on sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural economy for  opencast mine and post-mining landscapes can also be adapted as needed or revised for any situation.

In the following a few special Unique Selling Propositions (USPs) and innovative ideas are briefly summarized.

  • Growing, cultivation and care of rare endangered species, especially plants of the Red List – with extra greenhouses and grounds (botanical garden, park, forest) can be established
  • Biomass Research, production and recycling, processing or recycling of urban bio-waste for energy and soil production in opencast mine or post-mining areas (Biowaste Management)
  • Development and testing of greenhouse types and equipment in extreme landscapes like deserts, offering professional services, product and quality testing in relation to the industries or manufacturers
  • Greenhouse Management, Biosphere and Habitat Research
  • Product reviews, product testing and (re)presentation for manufacturers
  • Research into flexible, transparent or transparent solar cells for solar greenhouses, especially in terms of efficiency
  • Research and development related to agriculture, forestry and renewable energy such as solar and water energy in or with extreme environmental conditions
  • Cultivation of special crops and medicinal plants such as hemp
  • Scalability of the concept, also for urban spaces and urban deserts
  • Testing of various irrigation systems, greenhouses or greenhouse systems, including systems for efficiency, resilience and durability
  • Testing and development of special constructions of solar greenhouses, office-, greenhouse- and laboratory-containers
  • Comprehensive load test and quality tests for suppliers or products, if necessary even under extreme conditions (weather, temperatures,..)
  • Improving education and development processes and learning methods related to nature, self-esteem and community environmental awareness
  • Desert research in opencast mine, surface mining or post-mining landscapes – also known as open-pit deserts
  • Space or planetary research in mining landscapes, sometimes called as lunar, Martian or Mars landscapes

Most work, services or services can be realized with sufficient resources and resources with a few helpers. With money, financial resources or support it is no problem to build fast a good time. The services are chargeable, but in some exceptions such as investments, joint ventures, sponsorships or similar collaborations may be free or mutually beneficial. Various constellations, partnerships and synergy effects are possible. Further information can be found in the Masterplan 2 and partner, investor or sponsoring concept.

Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving. – Albert Einstein

Faith moves mountains, intelligence goes over them, wisdom goes around them, but love levels them. – Matshona Dhliwayo

You don’t climb mountains without a team, you don’t climb mountains without being fit, you don’t climb mountains without being prepared and you don’t climb mountains without balancing the risks and rewards. And you never climb a mountain on accident – it has to be intentional. – Mark Udall

Doubt makes the mountain that faith can shift. – German proverb

Faith can move mountains. Doubt can create them.

Greening Deserts Projects Want to Plant over 100 Billion Trees Worldwide

One goal of Greening Deserts projects is to plant over 100 billion trees worldwide, especially in Europe and Africa during the next years. Together with the nations and awesome projects like the Great Green Wall, Great Green Wall North Africa, The Green Belt Movement and the Trillion Trees Campaign we can reach the goal fast and efficient.
Alone the Sahara is an area of 9,500,000 square kilometres, this is equal 950,000,000 ha (950 million hectares). If we plant trees just on 10% of this area we could convert 95 million hectares dry and barren wasteland into fertile landscapes. We want to establish greening camps and connect schools, universities and other institutions to the Greening Deserts projects and partner programs. A broad education and culture is very important for the projects. With active participation and real support of the concerned regions and financial help of all nations and goverments we can start with first preperations still this year and in 2018 on site – and see first results still that year. With our worldwide greening and forestation (afforestation and reforestation) projects we can reduce global warming significantly. To cool down cities and urban areas (Global Cooling), more parks and green roofs (rooftop greening) are required.

Here are some interesting articles about similar projects:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/felix-finkbeiner-plant-for-the-planet-one-trillion-trees

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/brazil-begins-effort-plant-73-million-trees-amazon-180967086

http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/new-zealand/2017/10/one-billion-tree-target-will-take-huge-commitment.html

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/india-plant-66-million-trees-12-hours-environment-campaign-madhya-pradesh-global-warming-climate-a7820416.html

https://www.treehugger.com/environmental-policy/india-plant-2-billion-trees-along-its-highways.html

https://www.voanews.com/a/one-billion-trees-planted-in-pakistan-nw-province/3983609.html

https://www.nature.com/news/global-count-reaches-3-trillion-trees-1.18287

Top 10 countries with largest forest areas 2017:
1. Russia – 814 million hectares of native forest.
2. Brazil – 493 million hectares of native forest.
3. Canada – 347million hectares of native forest.
4. USA – 310 million hectares of native forest.
5. China – 208 million hectares of native forest.
6. Congo – 152 million hectares of native forest.
7. Australia – 123 million hectares of native forest.
8. Indonesia – 91 million hectares of native forest.
9. Peru – 73 million hectares of native forest.
10. India – 70 million hectares of native forest.

And European countries like Germany?

It doesn’t matter how much trees you plant, a million, billion or trillion trees – each action in this direction counts. Support sustainable greening projects for a greener and better future for us all!

Greening Camps and Research Projects for Surface Mining Deserts – Concept and Study for Opencast Mine and Post-Mining Landscapes

Excerpt of the business plan and master plan 2 in german language: Greening and Research Camps for Surface Mining Deserts: Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes. – This is a pre-release published on 31 October 2017, Reformation Day in Germany.

Desert research, research and development of sustainable greening methods, greenhouse management, forestry, agriculture and cultural industries are the primary fields of the concept and greening deserts projects. The greening and research camp with a greenhouse, office or laboratory containers or tents for the research and development of greening and irrigation methods is the primary objective for open pit mines. Secondary objectives, such as sustainable recreational use and tourism offers, can be realized during the operation over the years and are not necessary for the successful start of the research project and base camp in the opencast mining area or a post-mining landscape. This also eliminates all associated conditions, provisions and legal regulations, since for the time being no public recreational use or tourism operation takes place. Nevertheless, forward-looking considerations and planning approaches as well as extensive points on the areas or topics were worked out and summarized in this concept. Greening Deserts projects are always planned as long-term and sustainable as possible.

Further tasks and goals of the projects are the education, research and realization of a sustainable greening, management and cultivation of all kinds of poor, barren and dry areas, landscapes (drylands) or regions. That’s why the main project u.a. Greening Deserts, which treats not only typical deserts but all types of deserts, including open-pit deserts, concrete or urban deserts. This can all be done with suitable greening and research camps, wards and centers. In this work and in the concept possibilities and ways of doing so are analyzed and discussed on the example of research and greening camps for opencast deserts, mining landscapes or post-mining landscape landscapes. The research camp should be an encounter, education and communication platform in post-mining landscapes, internally for experts, experts and scientists, and in future also publicly for all possible visitors.

For a start, the greening, nature and research projects focus on nature experiences, important experience and research in the particular area or terrain. Everything is analyzed, documented and informed about interesting findings and developments. In the course of the project, interested and competent bodies or persons will be communicated – via existing and new networks, and then on site as well. In addition to well-known environmental education instruments and programs, the active experience of nature and creative forms of exploration and experimentation should also be researched and developed. Particular attention is paid to the practice-oriented work, if possible outdoors. The motto is: away from unhealthy, artificial working and living spaces. Out of sterile offices or laboratories. Out of the house or city, work and live in healthy habitats, in a positive environments of true and true nature or natural environment.

Extensive research results, discoveries, developments and experiences in all mentioned areas of projects can be exchanged and compared with international institutions and scientific institutions. Most of the information and results are publicly or online available and will be published according to their level of development or needs. This will further enhance development and processes and can really help problem areas and poor countries (Third World / Emerging Countries). The research results, experiences and insights form a cornerstone for space gardening or space research in relation to professional greenhouse management, even for desert planets such as Mars. Also interesting would be a Mars Research Station for surface mining or post-mining landscapes. For this reason, with sufficient financial support or funding, further developments and research should be carried out, such as hydroponics, such as aquaponics or hydroponics, solar greenhouses and special biospheres.

During the first years additional places, paths and paths for recreational activities or recreational activities such as hiking and cycling can be planned and set up. For this purpose, with sufficient resources extra vantage points, experience rooms, rest areas, shelters, actuation and art objects can be realized. This is very good due to a strong presence and good contacts.. Further information (texts, pictures, lists, tables, etc.) in the concept or appendix. This concept, scientific study, market analysis and master plan was writen by Oliver Gediminas Caplikas.

Socioeconomic Aspects and Factors of Greening and Desert Research in Surface Mining Deserts

Historical and cultural information on the past of the landscape and its use, also before the industrial mining period, are offered in the research camp as well as on corresponding pages on the Internet. Products such as books, pictures, photographs, films, works of art and antiques can be offered in a separate shop. Many socioeconomic factors and, above all, commercial aspects are in the area of ​​health care, recreation, sports and tourism. There are many commercial and economic effects in terms of income sources, employment and multipliers.

Other aspects:

  • Annual analysis and adaptation of the target groups, needs and interests of the visitors and / or customers with regard to the new mountain landscape landscapes (BFL) or lake landscapes
  • Direct and indirect employment and income effects, sales and profits through the sustainable management of opencast mining and mining landscapes
  • Marketing, merchandising and promotion on all possible channels, networks and platforms in German and English
  • Sustainable and forward-looking planning for the consumer and tourism sector
  • Bringing to the landscape dynamics and development in all its facets, showing the natural development processes of the landscape and vegetation
  • Use of local conditions and natural developments for unique natural experiences and experiences in the daytime landscape
  • Improvement of the image of the former day building landscape, elucidation of current, completed and future transformation or transformation processes
  • Arrangement of inexpensive tours and courses (for example, adventure walks, boat trips, bike tours) to the various natural themes, especially on the subject of nature conservation and natural forces

Financing can be provided through various sources of finance, such as crowding, capital, capital, investment capital, credit, venture capital (venture capital), private and public funding. The best is a good mix of uncomplicated and different financing, especially if there is enough evidence of efficiency and feasibility. Similar and successful concepts, feasibility studies and market analyzes in the relevant areas can make financing much easier. Profitable, long-term or future-oriented business ideas and concepts are often financed quickly. Unique features and strong references promote successful funding for new start-ups, start-ups, projects or existing companies.

There are many other social and economic (sociocultural) aspects or topics on greening and desert exploration in opencast mining deserts. These are extensively analyzed and processed with the Greening Deserts research projects. Read more on the official pages and in the masterplan: “Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining and Post-Mining Landscapes“.

 

Further Goals and Ideas for the Effective, Sustainable and Fast Cultivation of Surface Mining Landscapes

In this article, further approaches and ideas for naturalization, rehabilitation, cultivation and recultivation will be presented in relation to all responsible persons and within the scope of the greening and research projects for surface mining or post-mining landscapes.

An important goal for opencast mine and post-mining landscapes or lakelands is the production of a balanced, stable and clean water balance as well as a good soil quality. The following points must be observed:

  • Balancing the nutrient and pollutant content through filter systems and regulating the oxygen content by means of ventilation and circulation. This can also be achieved by integration into irrigation systems on land and with suitable plants, water plants and microorganisms
  • Compliance with limit values ​​and reduction if possible, for example noise level, loads and pollutants in surface mining or post-mining landscapes
  • Comprehensive investigation, research and use of hitherto unknown methods of detoxification or cleaning and regulation, including the improvement of groundwater and soil
  • Efficient fieldwork and advanced field research
  • Exploration of further methods of improving soil and water quality, feasibility studies and weighing efficiency / benefits
  • Achieve good water quality according to the EU Bathing Water Directive
  • Encourage or support the self-cleaning of surface mining lakes
  • Promotion of the settlement of endangered animal and plant species by the establishment, extension and maintenance of free, undeveloped nature reserves
  • Research on improved methods of colonization and propagation of endangered species, the creation of suitable habitats and zoological gardens or parks
  • Counteracting or reducing the entrophy and acidification of lakes and groundwater
  • Monitoring of soils and water bodies using appropriate instruments
  • Long-term planning and annual adjustment of the design concept as well as the renovation plans
  • Subsequent integration of visitors from all areas into the entire process, providing exploratory tours and hands-on workshops in the research camp and secured terrain
  • Shore and embankment protection as well as appropriate coastal greening should be preferred to pure gravel or sandy beaches
  • Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events

Responsible organizations, institutions and persons must comply with the laws, regulations and guidelines, and must regularly prove this, if possible every year.

A good example of waterborne and aftercare is described in the “Sustainable recreational use and tourism in post-mining landscapes”. Here is an excerpt:

“Water maintenance is the task of preserving or restoring the functionality of the water bed including the shores to the top of the slope. This also includes the ecological and land-cultural function of water bodies, in particular

(1) the conservation and restoration of a native plant and animal population in natural diversity;

(2) the maintenance and improvement of the self-cleaning capacity, unless other are required to do so;

(3) the maintenance, cleansing and clearing of the waters and shores as far as is necessary;

(4) the keeping of the waters and its banks of pests;

5. the removal of solid substances from or from the waters of the waters, in so far as is necessary in the public interest. “

Documentations and information on the cultural, settlement, social and economic history of the region can be processed in various forms or varieties in the future, eg in tourist offers. This includes, for example, the expansion of the leisure activities and the program by means of landscape-related sports and games. These include, for example, Fitness facilities and activities, motor sports, mountain biking, aerial sports, water sports, winter sport and new sporting activities – all with the best possible connection to nature and nature conservation. In the future real recreational parks can be developed and built with a real relationship with nature.